12) Which one of the following definitely illustrates theory of mind in a preschooler?
a.Casey asks his friend Julia, Did you forget what I told you yesterday?
b.Although he cannot yet read, Manuel enjoys looking at picture books.
c.Liza frowns and complains to her mother, My head hurts really bad!
d.Toula tells her playmate Joey all about her camping trip over the weekend.
13) If you wanted to take a Vygotskian approach to teaching students a new study
strategy, you would be most likely to:
a.Initially work collaboratively with students in applying the strategy, gradually
withdrawing your support as they become more proficient in using it.
b.Explain how the human memory system works and relate the strategy to effective
c.Show students how little they can remember when they use their current, ineffective
strategies, thereby motivating them to learn the new strategy.
d.Wait until students are at least 11 or 12 years old and thus capable of abstract thought.
14) Several sources of evidence have been used to address the question of whether
working memory and long-term memory are separate entities. Which one of the
following is not a source of evidence that has been used for this purpose?
a.The serial learning curve
b.The behaviors of people who have sustained brain injuries
c.The form in which information is stored in different memory tasks
d.Peoples descriptions of how they remember information
15) Vanessa frequently complains of getting terrible headaches and so ends up at the
nurses office several times a week. Yet two different physicians have been unable to
find a cause for Vanessas headaches, and Vanessas parents report that their daughter
rarely has headaches at home. Vanessa is falling further and further behind in her
schoolwork, so Vanessas teacher and parents meet with the nurse and school
psychologist to brainstorm possible solutions to Vanessas problem. The school
psychologist suggests that the teacher keep track of the occasions when Vanessa
complains about a headache. Two weeks later, the teacher reports that all of Vanessas
complaints occur just before a test or difficult assignment. Suddenly the teacher and
parents begin to suspect that perhaps Vanessa complains of headaches as a way of
getting out of having to do difficult assignments. Here we see the initial steps in a