Book Title
The American Story: Penguin Academics Series 5th Edition

HIST 23075

July 17, 2017
How did the advent of mass production change the lives of many Americans in the early
twentieth century?
A) Americans attained the highest standard of living in the world.
B) There was an increase in racial harmony among U.S. workers.
C) Unemployment rates plummeted due to the mechanization of production.
D) The farmers of rural America benefited due to increased demand for produce.
E) Poverty went into decline due to the availability of cheap goods.
What law did Stephen Douglas need to repeal in order to gain southern support for the
Kansas-Nebraska Act?
A) the Wilmot Proviso
B) the Missouri Compromise
C) the Compromise of 1850
D) the Bill of Rights
E) the new Fugitive Slave Law
As the Napoleonic wars broke out in Europe, the United States ________.
A) was forced to take sides
B) isolated itself from the war
C) took advantage of the situation
D) feared for the safety of its citizens
E) threw its support behind France, in recognition of French aid during the
Revolutionary War
Which of the following men was NOT a presidential candidate in the 1860 election?
A) John Bell
B) John Breckinridge
C) Stephen Douglas
D) Millard Fillmore
E) Abraham Lincoln
How did Kennedy secure the African-American vote in the 1960 presidential election?
A) He promised to defend African nations from communism.
B) He promised to appoint an African American as his running mate.
C) He supported the release of Martin Luther King, Jr. from jail.
D) He publicly criticized southern Democrats who supported segregation.
E) He was a close personal friend of Stokely Carmichael.
The leading figure at the Albany Congress, and designer of the Albany Plan, was
A) Thomas Jefferson
B) George Washington
C) William Pitt
D) John Adams
E) Benjamin Franklin
How did social reform during the early 1900s differ from reforms of previous eras?
A) In previous eras, social reform was supported exclusively by the government; in the
early 1900s, social reform was controlled by private charities.
B) In previous eras, social reform was supported exclusively by private charities; in the
early 1900s, social reform was controlled by the government.
C) In previous eras, social reform was mixed with morality; in the early 1900s, it was
free from moral overtones.
D) During previous eras, social reform had been more complex and interrelated; during
the early 1900s, reformers saw problems as individualized and simplistic.
E) During previous eras, social reform had been more simplistic and directed at one
particular problem; during the early 1900s, reformers saw problems as complex and
How did the Deep South respond to court-ordered desegregation?
A) by taking action to end discrimination in schools
B) with grudging acceptance of the decisions
C) with apathy and passive acceptance
D) with massive and widespread resistance
E) with violence and threats to once again secede from the Union
Hinton R. Helper tried to convince southern yeoman farmers that ________.
A) they should end planter dominance and slavery with it
B) slavery increased their standard of living
C) they could someday be slave owners themselves
D) they should fight to maintain the institution of slavery
E) they should free their slaves
The main diplomatic challenge facing James Monroe in 1820 was ________.
A) the continuing threat of English intervention in the United States
B) the development of trading rights with Latin America
C) establishing friendly relations with France
D) responding to the revolt of Spain's Latin American colonies
E) the "Native American problem"
The Atlantic tribal group with whom the English had the most contact were ________.
A) Algonquian speakers
B) Mayan
C) Apache
D) Sioux
E) Cherokee
Which of the following lists industrial developments in proper chronological order?
A) the completion of the first transcontinental railroad, formation of the first trust,
formation of U.S. Steel Corporation
B) the formation of U.S. Steel Corporation, formation of the first trust, completion of
the first transcontinental railroad
C) the formation of the first trust, completion of the first transcontinental railroad,
formation of U.S. Steel Corporation
D) the formation of the first trust, formation of U.S. Steel Corporation, completion of
the first transcontinental railroad
E) the formation of U.S. Steel Corporation, completion of the first transcontinental
railroad, the formation of the first trust
American foreign policy changed after the 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States by
A) returning to an isolationist foreign policy
B) returning to a containment foreign policy
C) taking on the role of global police officer
D) ending its alliances with Europe and Asia
E) continuing only humanitarian missions
Which of the following were the West's largest landowners?
A) railroad companies
B) immigrants
C) eastern settlers
D) Native Americans
E) Mexicans
What was the greatest triumph of American technology during the mid-nineteenth
A) improvements in the transportation infrastructure
B) new uses for vulcanized rubber
C) improved farm implements
D) sophisticated machine tools
E) more efficient farming strategies
What finally led Mexico to break off diplomatic relations with the United States and
prepare for armed conflict?
A) The Republic of Texas began claiming land south of the Rio Grande.
B) The United States annexed Texas and claimed the land between the Nueces River
and the Rio Grande.
C) The U.S. military began fighting for control over California harbors.
D) The U.S. government refused to grant rights of citizenship to people of Mexican
descent living in Texas.
E) President Polk criticized the Mexican government in a scathing public address.
Jamestown might have gone the way of Roanoke had it not been for the perseverance of
A) John Winthrop
B) John Smith
C) Pocahontas
D) Richard Hakluyt
E) Cotton Mather
Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon pushed for _____.
A) increased government spending
B) reduced government spending
C) creation of an estate tax
D) higher corporate taxes
E) higher taxes for the rich
The turning point of the Pacific war was the American victory at the battle of _______,
which gave the United States control of the Central Pacific.
A) Coral Sea
B) Guadalcanal
C) Midway
D) Iwo Jima
E) Leyte Gulf
Which practice provides some support for the idea that planters were benevolent
parents to their slaves?
A) The masters of large plantations had close relationships with most of their slaves.
B) Planters generally treated their slaves like their own children.
C) Slaves in the American South were treated better relative to slaves in Brazil and the
West Indies.
D) Planters, as Christians, acknowledged the validity of slave marriages.
E) Planters made sure that slaves were given a rudimentary education.
During the Salem witchcraft hysteria, Increase Mather and other leading ministers
A) called for execution of the accused witches
B) completely ignored the controversy
C) urged restraint and caution
D) called for colony-wide searches for accused witches
E) questioned the validity of the testimony of minors
What was the Washingtonian Society?
A) an evangelical group that focused on converting the working classes to Christianity
B) a group of Christian women who traveled the country preaching the evils of
C) a political faction that used the Constitution as a basis for their antislavery
D) a temperance group whose members discussed their struggles with alcoholism
E) a secret society that prompted many of the social and religious reforms during the
The court decision in Roe v. Wade guaranteed a woman's right to ________.
A) attend traditionally all-male schools
B) run for public office
C) serve in the military
D) earn equal pay for equal work
E) obtain an abortion
In the 1780s, nationalists were those who _______.
A) advocated the elimination of sectional differences
B) pushed to establish symbols such as the flag and a national anthem
C) supported states' rights
D) called for a strong central government
E) called for a firm stand against Britain
The economic abundance of the 1950s _______.
A) benefited all geographic regions of the country almost equally
B) virtually erased unemployment throughout the United States
C) did not benefit the steel industry and agriculture as much as other industries
D) had very little effect on the American public outside of the upper class
E) led to a surprising racial equality
What was Kennedy's top priority when he assumed the office of the presidency?
A) civil rights
B) foreign policy
C) health care
D) poverty
E) the economy
Men that were called nationalists in the early 1780s were the ________ later in the
same decade.
A) Whigs
B) Federalists
C) Antifederalists
D) Tories
E) Republicans
When Johnson became president after the assassination of Kennedy in 1963, he focused
first on ________.
A) ending the Cold War
B) passing JFK's tax and civil rights bills
C) escalating the war in Vietnam
D) boosting the military
E) bolstering international relationships
The cotton economy of the lower South ________.
A) benefited the lower classes and the upper classes equally
B) did not create uniform prosperity throughout the region
C) was free from general market fluctuations
D) led to greater southern self-sufficiency
E) encouraged industry and innovation
As chief justice of the Supreme Court, John Marshall ________.
A) promoted the growth of state sovereignty
B) supported the attainment of political and social equality
C) emphasized the primacy of property and property rights
D) abandoned his Federalist sympathies
E) began the tradition of wearing four gold stripes on the sleeves of his robes
Which of the following was NOT a complaint among farmers in the late nineteenth
A) the inability of farmers to organize to voice discontent
B) the belief that railroad rates were rising
C) the inability to control market prices
D) the perception of a loss of status in society
E) the burden of farm mortgages and crop surpluses
How did the Sussex Pledge affect U.S. involvement in World War I?
A) It escalated U.S. involvement.
B) It postponed U.S. involvement.
C) It eliminated U.S. involvement.
D) It complicated U.S. involvement.
E) It intensified U.S. involvement.

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