Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between Congress
and the Judiciary?
a. Congress has the ability to review the constitutionality of Supreme Court decisions.
b. Congress must be increasingly mindful of the Supreme Court's reaction when it
enacts new laws for the nation.
c. Congress sets the jurisdiction of federal and state courts.
d. In recent years, the Supreme Court has struck down congressional legislation at a rate
of five laws per term.
e. The Supreme Court has typically had an antagonistic relationship with Congress.
Which of the following affirmative action programs would be a clear violation of the
Supreme Court's decision in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)?
a. considering race as a factor in university admissions decisions
b. considering how an applicant would contribute to the diversity of the university
c. considering applicants' academic and extracurricular achievements
d. admitting some minority applicants with lower academic achievement than some
rejected white applicants
e. setting aside a certain percentage of admissions slots for African American students