Type
Quiz
Book Title
The Power of Art 3rd Edition
ISBN 13
978-1337555555

978-1337555555 Part 3

September 18, 2020
41
15. Acrylic paint is a relatively new painting medium that ___________.
a. has great adhesive quality and makes an excellent glue
b. can be used on any surface without prepping the surface first
c. can be used with an airbrush when diluted
d. can be used outdoors since it weathers well
e. all of these are correct
16. Helen Frankenthaler manipulated acrylic paint in the ______ method.
a. impasto
b. airbrush
c. soak and stain
d. alla prima
e. drip and flick
17. Collage was legitimized as a fine art form by ______.
a. eighteenth-century nuns
b. the Cubists
c. folk artists
d. Tibetan monks
e. Robert Rauschenberg
42
18. ______ are delicate geometric designs made from colored sand by Tibetan Buddhist monks.
a. Mandalas
b. Illuminations
c. Sand designs
d. Gouache
e. Collage
19. The technique of ______ incorporates pasted paper.
a. trompe l’oeil
b. encaustic
c. collage
d. shaped canvases
e. body art
43
20. The art work of Vik Muniz deviates from traditional painting media in that Muniz _____.
a. doesn’t use a paintbrush with his impasto oil paintings
b. paints on shaped canvases
c. uses junk and non-permanent materials, such as food products
d. combines his love for sculpture and painting in using painted plaster
e. works strictly as a performance artist
SHORT ANSWER
1. Identify five materials that could be used as supports for paintings.
2. In encaustic painting, what happens when the amount of wax increases?
3. Why is fresco painting so permanent?
4. Fresco painting can be considered a dangerous way to paint. Why?
5. Why do Tibetan monks make sand mandalas?
ESSAY
1. Jasper Johns used encaustic painting in his work The Seasons: Summer. Analyze the effect of encaustic
2. Explain how Diego Rivera’s fresco The Making of a Fresco, Showing the Building of a City shows the
44
5. After viewing reproductions in the text of different painting techniques, identify your preferred method
and evaluate the medium in terms of the pros and cons of working with it. Be sure to include a specific
example in your discussion.
45
Chapter 6
Printmaking
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. The number of prints that an artist limits in one printing in called a(n) _______.
a. illuminated manuscript
b. monotype
c. end plate
d. edition
e. theses
2. The first and simplest printmaking form is _____.
a. the woodcut
b. intaglio
c. engraving
d. monotype
e. screen print
Analysis
3. In Japanese printmaking, the characters at the sides of a print _______.
a. introduce the title of the work
b. are marks of the people who worked on the print
c. signify a poem that correlates to the subject matter
d. identify the figures within the composition
e. all of these are correct
46
4. Registration in printmaking means _________.
a. the artist needs to be licensed
b. the print is entered into a contest
c. the block is sanded down before printing
d. one block is used and cut down to size for each color used
e. separate blocks are used to print each color and are aligned when printing
5. Wood engraving is different than wood cut in that wood engraving_________.
a. is an intaglio process
b. is the opposite of a relief print
c. uses resin to cut out the unwanted material
d. uses the hard endgrain of the wood block
e. uses a waxy ground and a metal stylus to scratch the surface of the block
47
6. In a relief print, what prints is the area that was ________.
a. left uncut
b. incised
c. drawn with a crayon
d. stenciled over
e. etched away
Analysis
7. What is one technique that Gustave Doré used to recreate the atmosphere from the poem The Rime of
the Ancient Mariner in his illustrations for it?
a. very small short stabs
b. long, thick vertical incisions
c. adding color to the wood block
d. using multiple blocks for one print
e. stenciling designs onto the block
8. Intaglio printmaking _________.
a. is the opposite of relief printmaking
b. consists of etching, engraving, and aquatint
c. uses metal plates
d. needs to be run through a printing press to transfer the image
e. all of these are correct
48
9. What is the earliest form of intaglio printmaking?
a. silkscreen
b. etching
c. woodcut
d. lithography
e. engraving
Analysis
10. Paper was first invented in ________.
a. China
b. Germany
c. Africa
d. Japan
e. Italy
11. Burins are______.
a. what rolls the ink onto the surface of the plate
b. instruments for cutting into metal
c. used to transfer the ink from the plate onto the paper to create a print
d. the metal plates used in intaglio
e. acid resistant coatings
49
12. The two printmaking processes that use acid to remove lines in metal plates are _______.
a. wood engraving and linocut
b. engraving and etching
c. etching and aquatint
d. aquatint and lithography
e. screen printing and monotype
13. Mary Cassatt was influenced by _________ prints in her work The Letter.
a. German
b. American
c. Japanese
d. Egyptian
e. Chinese
14. Lithography was first invented _________.
a. for lush landscape drawings
b. to distribute political cartoons
c. to make newspapers widely available to the public
d. to reproduce sheets of music cheaply
e. for advertising purposes
50
15. The traditional material used as a printing plate in lithography is _____________.
a. Indiana limestone
b. Bavarian limestone
c. Italian marble
d. plastic
e. copper
16. The nineteenth century artist that helped to elevate color lithography to a fine art status was _______.
a. William Hogarth
b. Bonnie Maclean
c. Barbara Kruger
d. Mary Cassatt
e. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
51
17. In contemporary art, to “appropriate” means that an image _________.
a. is not a controversial one
b. is meaningful to the situation
c. has been borrowed from another source
d. is drawn with a greasy crayon
e. has been abstracted and simplified
18. What social issue of the time was Barbara Kruger commenting on with her work Untitled (We don’t
need another hero)?
a. mass consumerism
b. printmaking as a fine art
c. military involvement abroad
d. macho tendencies in men
e. technological progress
19. The dark field method is __________.
a. the use of dark metal plates
b. based upon the color field painters of the mid-twentieth century
c. the ground that covers a metal plate in an etching before being placed in an acid bath
d. when ink covers the entire plate before being removed to create the desired image in monotype
e. the glue that forms a stencil in silkscreen
52
20. A single test print made by the artist to see what the image will look like when printed is called a ___.
a. proof
b. etching
c. monotype
d. limited edition
e. lithograph
SHORT ANSWER
1.Why is printmaking considered a democratic medium?
2. List three examples of what makes a relief print.
3. Describe how Gustave Doré created his illustrations for The Rime of the Ancient Marnier.
4. Why is Bavarian limestone rarely used today in lithography?
5. What is the silkscreen process based upon?
ESSAY
1. What effect did the invention of the printing press have upon education?
2. How did Albrecht Dürer elevate printmaking to a fine art status?
3. Discuss the differences between a poster and a fine-art print.
54
Chapter 7
Photography
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. A __________ is a room-sized camera that was first used to study eclipses.
a. lens
b. camera obscura
c. 35mm camera
d. daguerreotype
e. aperature
2. The first permanent photographic image was called a ______.
a. negative
b. sun picture
c. rayograph
d. daguerreotype
e. none of these are correct
55
3. The individual responsible for introducing the world to the first photographic image was a French
painter named ______.
a. William Henry Fox Talbot
b. Julia Margaret Cameron
c. Timothy O’Sullivan
d. Henri Cartier-Bresson
e. Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre
4. The first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was invented by an Englishman
named ______.
a. William Henry Fox Talbot
b. Julia Margaret Cameron
c. Timothy O’Sullivan
d. Henri Cartier-Bresson
e. Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre
5. ________ was a middle class Victorian and “amateur” photographer who attempted to capture the
essence of beauty through photographic portraits.
a. William Henry Fox Talbot
b. Julia Margaret Cameron
c. Timothy O’Sullivan
d. Henri Cartier-Bresson
e. Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre
56
6. The function of the light-tight box that forms the main structure of a camera is ______.
a. to focus light on the film
b. to prevent unwanted light from hitting the film
c. to control the time of the exposure
d. all of these are correct
e. none of these are correct
Analysis
7. The ___________ is an adjustable opening that controls the amount of light entering the camera.
a. lens
b. shutter
c. camera body
d. aperture
e. none of these are correct
57
8. George Eastman introduced a box camera in 1887 called the ______.
a. Polaroid
b. 35mm
c. Kodak
d. camera obscura
e. viewfinder
9. _______ was one of the pioneers of expeditionary photography, the precursor to landscape
photography, who began a career as a Civil War photographer.
a. Timothy O’Sullivan
b. Julia Margaret Cameron
c. Alfred Stieglitz
d. Henri Cartier-Bresson
e. Jacques-Henri Lartigue
10. After receiving his first camera at seven years old, ___________ used it to record and hold onto the
joys of upper-middle-class life in France before World War I.
a. Timothy O’Sullivan
b. Julia Margaret Cameron
c. Alfred Stieglitz
d. Henri Cartier-Bresson
e. Jacques-Henri Lartigue
58
11. Henri Cartier-Bresson is best known for capturing ______.
a. portraits of women in domestic scenes
b. racecars
c. peppers
d. the decisive moment
e. none of these are correct
12. A straight photographer is defined as ______.
a. one who manipulates the negative or image once it has been taken
b. one who does not tamper with the negative or image in any way once it has been taken
c. one who photographs moving objects in a theatrical way
d. a photographer who creates portraits of wealthy individuals
e. none of these are correct
59
13. Authentic, unretouched photographs that record important social conditions and political events are
called ______.
a. documentary photographs
b. portraiture
c. decisive moments
d. landscapes
e. fine art photographs
14. In 1902, the Photo-Secession group was founded by ______.
a. Edward Steichen
b. Man Ray
c. Alfred Stieglitz
d. Edward Weston
e. all of these are correct
15. Man Ray created images by placing objects on photographic paper in a darkroom and then exposing
the paper to light. He called these images ________.
a. portraits
b. rayographs
c. pictograms
d. photomontages
e. photorays
60
16. The imaginative combination of photographic images in collages, an approach used by artists like
Hannah Höch, is called _______.
a. documentary photography
b. straight photography
c. rayographs
d. photomontage
e. negatives
17. Contemporary photographer _________________ is best known for recording the plight of the poor
and refugees at the turn of the twenty-first century.
a. Cindy Sherman
b. Sebastião Salgado
c. Sandy Skoglund
d. Lalla Essaydi
e. none of these are correct
15. acrylic paint is a relatively new painting medium that ___________. a. has great adhesive quality and makes an excellent glue b. can be used on any surface without prepping the surface first c. can be used with an airbrush when diluted d. can be used outdoors since it weathers well e. all of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. while acrylic paint has great adhesive quality and makes an excellent glue, this is not the complete answer. see acrylic. b. incorrect. while acrylic paint can be used on any surface without prepping the surface first, this is not the complete answer. see acrylic. c. incorrect. while acrylic paint can be used with an airbrush when diluted, this is not the complete answer. see acrylic. d. incorrect. while acrylic paint can be used outdoors since it weathers well, this is not the complete answer. see acrylic. e. correct. acrylic is a versatile paint that can be used in many different ways. see acrylic. 16. helen frankenthaler manipulated acrylic paint in the ______ method. a. impasto b. airbrush c. soak and stain d. alla prima e. drip and flick analysis a. incorrect. frankenthaler did not use acrylic in an impasto method. see acrylic. b. incorrect. while diluted acrylic can be used with an airbrush, this was not frankenthaler’s method. see acrylic. c. correct. frankenthaler did use a soak and stain method in paintings such as the bay. see acrylic. d. incorrect. frankenthaler did not use acrylic paint in the alla prima method. see acrylic. e. incorrect. though frankenthaler did not use a brush in her technique, it was not drip and flick. see acrylic. 17. collage was legitimized as a fine art form by ______. a. eighteenth-century nuns b. the cubists c. folk artists d. tibetan monks e. robert rauschenberg 41 analysis a. incorrect. though collage was a technique used by eighteenth-century nuns, it was not yet considered a fine art form. see contemporary approaches to painting. b. correct. in the early twentieth century, the cubists legitimized collage as fine art form. see contemporary approaches to painting. c. incorrect. though collage was a technique used by folk artists, it was not yet considered a fine art form. see contemporary approaches to painting. d. incorrect. tibetan monks did not legitimize collage as a fine art form. see contemporary approaches to painting. e. incorrect. robert rauschenberg did not legitimize collage as a fine art form. see contemporary approaches to painting. 18. ______ are delicate geometric designs made from colored sand by tibetan buddhist monks. a. mandalas b. illuminations c. sand designs d. gouache e. collage analysis a. correct. these delicate designs are called mandalas. see a global view: tibetan sand painting. b. incorrect. though contemplation of the design is believed to lead to enlightenment, they are not called illuminations. see a global view: tibetan sand painting. c. incorrect. though designed carefully with sand, these are not called sand designs. see a global view: tibetan sand painting. d. incorrect. gouache is type of painting that uses water. see a global view: tibetan sand painting. e. incorrect. a collage is a type of design that uses items such as cutout pieces of paper for instance. see a global view: tibetan sand painting. 19. the technique of ______ incorporates pasted paper. a. trompe l’oeil b. encaustic c. collage d. shaped canvases e. body art analysis a. incorrect. trompe l’oeil is a technique of painting. see contemporary approaches to painting. b. incorrect. encaustic is type of painting that uses wax as a binding agent. see contemporary approaches to painting. c. correct. collage incorporates pasted paper. see contemporary approaches to painting. d. incorrect. shaped canvases do not incorporate pasted paper. see contemporary approaches to painting. e. incorrect. body art is not a technique that incorporates pasted paper. see contemporary approaches to painting. 42 20. the art work of vik muniz deviates from traditional painting media in that muniz _____. a. doesn’t use a paintbrush with his impasto oil paintings b. paints on shaped canvases c. uses junk and non-permanent materials, such as food products d. combines his love for sculpture and painting in using painted plaster e. works strictly as a performance artist analysis a. incorrect. muniz does not paint impasto oil paintings. see contemporary approaches to painting. b. incorrect. painting on shaped canvases is not an important part of muniz’s work. see contemporary approaches to painting. c. correct. muniz uses non-permanent materials, such as food products in his work. see contemporary approaches to painting. d. incorrect. painted plaster is not an important part of muniz’s work. see contemporary approaches to painting. e. incorrect. muniz does not strictly work as a performance artist. see contemporary approaches to painting. short answer 1. the number of prints that an artist limits in one printing in called a(n) _______. a. illuminated manuscript b. monotype c. end plate d. edition e. theses analysis a. incorrect. an illuminated manuscript is a type of book that is decorated by hand. see chapter introduction. b. incorrect. a monotype is a type of print that is made by painting or inking the metal plate directly, this means that only one can be made. see chapter introduction. c. incorrect. this limit by the artist is not called an end plate. see chapter introduction. d. correct. the number of prints that an artist limits in one printing is called an edition. see chapter introduction. e. incorrect. martin luther is famous for his ninety-five theses, or criticisms, which were widely printed and distributed. see chapter introduction. 2. the first and simplest printmaking form is _____. a. the woodcut b. intaglio c. engraving d. monotype e. screen print analysis a. correct. the woodcut is the first and simplest form of printmaking. see relief printmaking. b. incorrect. intaglio is a rather complicated form of printmaking sometimes involving acid. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. engravings are not the first and simplest form of printmaking. see relief printmaking. d. incorrect. a monotype print is a complicated type of print in which only one can be made. see relief printmaking. e. incorrect. silkscreen is a relatively new form of printmaking. see relief printmaking. 3. in japanese printmaking, the characters at the sides of a print _______. a. introduce the title of the work b. are marks of the people who worked on the print c. signify a poem that correlates to the subject matter d. identify the figures within the composition e. all of these are correct 45 analysis a. incorrect. the characters at the sides of a japanese print do not refer to its title. see relief printmaking. b. correct. japanese printmaking was a collaborative effort and the marks are of the different artisans who worked on the print. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. these marks were not a poem that correlates to subject matter. see relief printmaking. d. incorrect. the characters do not refer to the subject matter of the print. see relief printmaking. e. incorrect. japanese printmaking was a collaborative effort and the marks are of the different artisans who worked on the print. see relief printmaking. 4. registration in printmaking means _________. a. the artist needs to be licensed b. the print is entered into a contest c. the block is sanded down before printing d. one block is used and cut down to size for each color used e. separate blocks are used to print each color and are aligned when printing analysis a. incorrect. while the term registration has this kind of meaning in some contexts, it has another specific meaning in printmaking. see relief printmaking. b. incorrect. while the term registration has this kind of meaning in some contexts, it has another specific meaning in printmaking. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. registration does not mean the block is sanded down before printing. see relief printmaking. d. incorrect. while the use of different colors is implied in registration, this is not how it is executed. see relief printmaking. e. correct. registration is the use of separate blocks to print each color that are aligned when printing. see relief printmaking. 5. wood engraving is different than wood cut in that wood engraving_________. a. is an intaglio process b. is the opposite of a relief print c. uses resin to cut out the unwanted material d. uses the hard endgrain of the wood block e. uses a waxy ground and a metal stylus to scratch the surface of the block analysis a. incorrect. intaglio involves a design created on a metal plate. see relief printmaking. b. incorrect. wood engraving is a type of relief print. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. resin is not used in wood engraving. see relief printmaking. d. correct. wood engraving uses the hard endgrain of the wood block. see relief printmaking. e. incorrect. this technique is use for etching. see relief printmaking. 46 6. in a relief print, what prints is the area that was ________. a. left uncut b. incised c. drawn with a crayon d. stenciled over e. etched away analysis a. correct. for a relief print, the artist cuts away what he does not want in the print. see relief printmaking. b. incorrect. in a relief print, the incisions will be unprinted. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. crayon drawing is not part of the typical relief print process. see relief printmaking. d. incorrect. stenciling is related to silkscreen printing, not relief prints. see relief printmaking. e. incorrect. an etching is not a relief printing technique. see relief printmaking. 7. what is one technique that gustave doré used to recreate the atmosphere from the poem the rime of the ancient mariner in his illustrations for it? a. very small short stabs b. long, thick vertical incisions c. adding color to the wood block d. using multiple blocks for one print e. stenciling designs onto the block analysis a. correct. these freely made stabs mimic the effect of falling snow. see relief printmaking. b. incorrect. long thick incisions would not create the misty conditions of the scene he was trying to illustrate. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. these ink prints are in black and white. see relief printmaking. d. incorrect. these prints were made with one block per print. see relief printmaking. e. incorrect. doré did not use stenciling in his design. see relief printmaking. 8. intaglio printmaking _________. a. is the opposite of relief printmaking b. consists of etching, engraving, and aquatint c. uses metal plates d. needs to be run through a printing press to transfer the image e. all of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. while intaglio is the opposite of relief printmaking, this is not the complete answer. see intaglio printmaking. b. incorrect. while intaglio does consist of etching, engraving, and aquatint variations, this is not the complete answer. see intaglio printmaking. c. incorrect. while intaglio does use metal plates, this is not the complete answer. see intaglio printmaking. d. incorrect. while intaglio does need to be run through a printing press to transfer the image, this is not the complete answer. see intaglio printmaking. e. correct. intaglio is a technique that is the opposite of relief printmaking, makes use of metal plates, is run through a printing press, and can be done various ways. see intaglio printmaking. 47 9. what is the earliest form of intaglio printmaking? a. silkscreen b. etching c. woodcut d. lithography e. engraving analysis a. incorrect. silkscreen, invented fairly recently, is not a form of intaglio. see intaglio printmaking. b. incorrect. while etching is a form of intaglio, it is not the earliest form. see intaglio printmaking. c. incorrect. while woodcutting is the earliest form of printmaking, it is not an intaglio technique. see intaglio printmaking. d. incorrect. lithography is not a form of intaglio printmaking. see intaglio printmaking. e. correct. becoming popular with the rising accessibility of paper, engraving is the earliest form of intaglio printmaking. see intaglio printmaking. 10. paper was first invented in ________. a. china b. germany c. africa d. japan e. italy analysis a. correct. paper was used in china long before it was use in the west. see relief printmaking. b. incorrect. though paper was important to the invention of the printing press, which did happen in germany, paper was not invented by the germans. see relief printmaking. c. incorrect. paper was not invented in africa. see relief printmaking. d. incorrect. paper was not invented in japan. see relief printmaking. e. incorrect. paper was not invented in italy. see relief printmaking. 11. burins are______. a. what rolls the ink onto the surface of the plate b. instruments for cutting into metal c. used to transfer the ink from the plate onto the paper to create a print d. the metal plates used in intaglio e. acid resistant coatings analysis a. incorrect. the ink roller is not called a burin. see intaglio printmaking. b. correct. though any instrument sharp enough could be used, burins are the most common instruments for engraving. see intaglio printmaking. c. incorrect. the press is not called a burin. see intaglio printmaking. d. incorrect. the metal plates are not called burins. see intaglio printmaking. e. incorrect. the wax, or ground, is not called a burin. see intaglio printmaking. 48 12. the two printmaking processes that use acid to remove lines in metal plates are _______. a. wood engraving and linocut b. engraving and etching c. etching and aquatint d. aquatint and lithography e. screen printing and monotype analysis a. incorrect. these are relief techniques for printmaking. see intaglio printmaking. b. incorrect. while etching does use acid to remove lines, engraving does not. see intaglio printmaking. c. correct. both etching and aquatint use acid to remove lines from a metal plate. see intaglio printmaking. d. incorrect. while aquatint does use acid on metal, lithography uses a stone plate. see intaglio printmaking. e. incorrect. neither screen printing nor monotype techniques use acid on metal. see intaglio printmaking. 13. mary cassatt was influenced by _________ prints in her work the letter. a. german b. american c. japanese d. egyptian e. chinese analysis a. incorrect. though important in the history of the print, cassatt was not primarily interested in german prints in the letter. see intaglio printmaking. b. incorrect. cassatt was not primarily interested in american styles in the letter. see intaglio printmaking. c. correct. as they were for many other impressionists, japanese prints were an influence on cassatt’s work. see intaglio printmaking. d. incorrect. cassatt was not primarily interested in egyptian styles in the letter. see intaglio printmaking. e. incorrect. cassatt was not primarily interested in chinese print styles in the letter. see intaglio printmaking. 14. lithography was first invented _________. a. for lush landscape drawings b. to distribute political cartoons c. to make newspapers widely available to the public d. to reproduce sheets of music cheaply e. for advertising purposes 49 analysis a. incorrect. though it has grown in versatility, lithography was not invented for lush landscape prints. see lithography. b. incorrect. lithography was not invented to distribute political cartoons. see lithography. c. incorrect. lithography did not play a big role in the development of newspaper availability. see lithography. d. correct. lithography was invented to reproduce sheets of music cheaply. see lithography. e. incorrect. lithography was not invented for advertising purposes. see lithography. 15. the traditional material used as a printing plate in lithography is _____________. a. indiana limestone b. bavarian limestone c. italian marble d. plastic e. copper analysis a. incorrect. while indiana is the home to important limestone quarries, it is not the source of traditional material for lithography. see lithography. b. correct. not only was lithography invented in bavaria, but bavarian limestone is the traditional material for lithography. see lithography. c. incorrect. marble is not a traditional material for lithography. see lithography. d. incorrect. plastic is not a traditional material for lithography. see lithography. e. incorrect. though metal plates are sometimes used, copper is not the traditional material for lithography. see lithography. 16. the nineteenth century artist that helped to elevate color lithography to a fine art status was _______. a. william hogarth b. bonnie maclean c. barbara kruger d. mary cassatt e. henri de toulouse-lautrec analysis a. incorrect. while an important printmaker, hogarth did not primarily work with color lithography. see lithography. b. incorrect. while an important figure in lithographic printmaking, maclean did not help to elevate the status of color lithography to a fine art. see lithography. c. incorrect. kruger is primarily known for her work in silkscreen. see lithography. d. incorrect. cassatt was primarily interested in aquatint technique in her printmaking. see lithography. e. correct. henri de toulouse-lautrec was instrumental in elevating color lithography to the status of a fine art. see lithography. 50 17. in contemporary art, to “appropriate” means that an image _________. a. is not a controversial one b. is meaningful to the situation c. has been borrowed from another source d. is drawn with a greasy crayon e. has been abstracted and simplified analysis a. incorrect. an appropriated image may indeed be controversial. see silkscreen. b. incorrect. while an artist will likely appropriate an image that is meaningful to the situation, this is not the meaning of the word. see silkscreen. c. correct. an appropriated image has been borrowed from another source. see silkscreen. d. incorrect. an appropriated image may be created in any number of media. see silkscreen. e. incorrect. while an appropriated image may be simplified, that is not the meaning of the word. see silkscreen. 18. what social issue of the time was barbara kruger commenting on with her work untitled (we don’t need another hero)? a. mass consumerism b. printmaking as a fine art c. military involvement abroad d. macho tendencies in men e. technological progress analysis a. incorrect. though kruger takes not of mass consumerism in some of her work, she is best known for the effect it has on gender and gender relations. see silkscreen. b. incorrect. though silkscreen was originally an industrial technique, it became a fairly common medium in fine art. see silkscreen. c. incorrect. though heavily involved in politics, kruger is most known for her work on gender and gender relations. see silkscreen. d. correct. kruger heavily criticized the macho tendencies in men that were praised at the time. see silkscreen. e. incorrect. though silkscreen itself was an important technological advance, this is not the topic that kruger takes aim at in her work. see silkscreen. 19. the dark field method is __________. a. the use of dark metal plates b. based upon the color field painters of the mid-twentieth century c. the ground that covers a metal plate in an etching before being placed in an acid bath d. when ink covers the entire plate before being removed to create the desired image in monotype e. the glue that forms a stencil in silkscreen 51 analysis a. incorrect. typically, the color of the metal plate has no bearing on the print. see unique prints. b. incorrect. the dark field method predates the color field painters of the mid-twentieth century. see unique prints. c. incorrect. this “ground” is usually covered in wax and is not called the dark field method. see unique prints. d. correct. ink covering the entire plate before being removed to create the desired image in monotype is the dark field method. see unique prints. e. incorrect. the dark field method is not used in stenciling silkscreen. see unique prints. 20. a single test print made by the artist to see what the image will look like when printed is called a ___. a. proof b. etching c. monotype d. limited edition e. lithograph analysis a. correct. these single test prints are called proofs. see contemporary approaches. b. incorrect. an etching is not a single test print; it is a technique of printmaking. see contemporary approaches. c. incorrect. though a monotype is a single image made, it is not a test image, instead it is the work itself. see contemporary approaches. d. incorrect. limited editions are the prints from a single prints series by an artist. see contemporary approaches. e. incorrect. a lithograph is a print made by applying grease to a metal or stone surface. see contemporary approaches. short answer 1. a __________ is a room-sized camera that was first used to study eclipses. a. lens b. camera obscura c. 35mm camera d. daguerreotype e. aperature analysis a. incorrect. eventually, a lens did become an essential component of the camera; however, it is not a type of camera. see technique and development. b. correct. the historical predecessor to the modern camera, the camera obscura, was first used to study eclipses. see technique and development. c. incorrect. 35mm cameras were a much later, much smaller development. see technique and development. d. incorrect. daguerreotypes, an important development in the history of photographic images, were not room-sized cameras used to study eclipses. see technique and development. e. incorrect. an aperature did become an essential component of the camera, but it is not a type of camera. see technique and development. 2. the first permanent photographic image was called a ______. a. negative b. sun picture c. rayograph d. daguerreotype e. none of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. the first permanent photographic image was not called a negative. see technique and development. b. incorrect. the first permanent photographic image was not called a sun picture. see technique and development. c. incorrect. the first permanent photographic image was not called a rayograph. see technique and development. d. correct. the first permanent photographic image was called a daguerreotype. see technique and development. e. incorrect. the first permanent photographic image was called a daguerreotype. see technique and development. 54 3. the individual responsible for introducing the world to the first photographic image was a french painter named ______. a. william henry fox talbot b. julia margaret cameron c. timothy o’sullivan d. henri cartier-bresson e. louis-jacques-mandé daguerre analysis a. incorrect. william henry fox talbot did not develop the first photographic image. see technique and development. b. incorrect. julia margaret cameron did not develop the first photographic image. see technique and development. c. incorrect. timothy o’sullivan did not develop the first photographic image. see technique and development. d. incorrect. henri cartier-bresson did not develop the first photographic image. see technique and development. e. correct. louis-jacques-mandé daguerre developed the first photographic image. see technique and development. 4. the first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was invented by an englishman named ______. a. william henry fox talbot b. julia margaret cameron c. timothy o’sullivan d. henri cartier-bresson e. louis-jacques-mandé daguerre analysis a. correct. the first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was invented by william henry fox talbot. see technique and development. b. incorrect. the first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was not invented by julia margaret cameron. see technique and development. c. incorrect. the first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was not invented by timothy o’sullivan. see technique and development. d. incorrect. the first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was not invented by henri cartier-bresson. see technique and development. e. incorrect. the first photographic film using the “negative-positive” principle was not invented by louis-jacques-mandé daguerre. see technique and development. 5. ________ was a middle class victorian and “amateur” photographer who attempted to capture the essence of beauty through photographic portraits. a. william henry fox talbot b. julia margaret cameron c. timothy o’sullivan d. henri cartier-bresson e. louis-jacques-mandé daguerre 55 analysis a. incorrect. william henry fox talbot did not attempt to capture the essence of beauty through photographic portraits. see technique and development. b. correct. julia margaret cameron attempted to capture the essence of beauty through photographic portraits. see technique and development. c. incorrect. timothy o’sullivan did not attempt to capture the essence of beauty through photographic portraits. see technique and development. d. incorrect. henri cartier-bresson did not attempt to capture the essence of beauty through photographic portraits. see technique and development. e. incorrect. louis-jacques-mandé daguerre did not attempt to capture the essence of beauty through photographic portraits. see technique and development. 6. the function of the light-tight box that forms the main structure of a camera is ______. a. to focus light on the film b. to prevent unwanted light from hitting the film c. to control the time of the exposure d. all of these are correct e. none of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. the lens focuses the light on the film. see the camera. b. correct. the light-tight box, also called the camera body, is essential to prevent unwanted light from hitting the film. see the camera. c. incorrect. the aperature controls the time of the exposure. see the camera. d. incorrect. the light-tight box is essential to prevent unwanted light hitting the film. see the camera. e. incorrect. the light-tight box is essential to prevent unwanted light hitting the film. see the camera. 7. the ___________ is an adjustable opening that controls the amount of light entering the camera. a. lens b. shutter c. camera body d. aperture e. none of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. the lens focuses the light onto the film. see the camera. b. incorrect. the shutter controls the length of exposure, not the amount of light. see the camera. c. incorrect. the camera body prevents unwanted light from reaching the film. see the camera. d. correct. the aperture is an adjustable opening that controls the amount of light that hits the film. see the camera. e. incorrect. the aperature controls the amount of light entering the camera. see the camera. 56 8. george eastman introduced a box camera in 1887 called the ______. a. polaroid b. 35mm c. kodak d. camera obscura e. viewfinder analysis a. incorrect. eastman did not introduce the polaroid camera in 1887. see the camera. b. incorrect. eastman did not introduce the 35mm camera in 1887. see the camera. c. correct. the kodak camera eastman introduced in 1887 rocketed to popularity in the ensuing years. see the camera. d. incorrect. the camera obscura long predated eastman. see the camera. e. incorrect. the viewfinder is an important part of a camera, not a type of camera. see the camera. 9. _______ was one of the pioneers of expeditionary photography, the precursor to landscape photography, who began a career as a civil war photographer. a. timothy o’sullivan b. julia margaret cameron c. alfred stieglitz d. henri cartier-bresson e. jacques-henri lartigue analysis a. correct. timothy o’sullivan was a pioneer of expeditionary photography and began his career during the civil war. see styles of photography. b. incorrect. julia margaret cameron was not an expeditionary photographer who began her career during the civil war. see styles of photography. c. incorrect. alfred stieglitz was not an expeditionary photographer who began his career during the civil war. see styles of photography. d. incorrect. henri cartier-bresson was not an expeditionary photographer who began his career during the civil war. see styles of photography. e. incorrect. jacques-henri lartigue was not an expeditionary photographer who began his career during the civil war. see styles of photography. 10. after receiving his first camera at seven years old, ___________ used it to record and hold onto the joys of upper-middle-class life in france before world war i. a. timothy o’sullivan b. julia margaret cameron c. alfred stieglitz d. henri cartier-bresson e. jacques-henri lartigue 57 analysis a. incorrect. timothy o’sullivan did not document upper-middle-class life in pre-world war i france. see styles of photography. b. incorrect. julia margaret cameron did not document upper-middle-class life in pre-world war i france see styles of photography. c. incorrect. alfred stieglitz did not document upper-middle-class life in pre-world war i france see styles of photography. d. incorrect. henri cartier-bresson did not document upper-middle-class life in pre-world war i france see styles of photography. e. correct. jacques-henri lartigue documented upper-middle-class life in pre-world war i france. see styles of photography. 11. henri cartier-bresson is best known for capturing ______. a. portraits of women in domestic scenes b. racecars c. peppers d. the decisive moment e. none of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. cartier-bresson was primarily a photographer of public scenes, not domestic scenes. see styles of photography. b. incorrect. cartier-bresson is not best known for capturing racecars. see styles of photography. c. incorrect. cartier-bresson is not best known for capturing peppers. see styles of photography. d. correct. cartier-bresson tried to capture truth-revealing moments that he called “the decisive moment.” see styles of photography. e. incorrect. cartier-bresson sought to capture “the decisive moment.” see styles of photography. 12. a straight photographer is defined as ______. a. one who manipulates the negative or image once it has been taken b. one who does not tamper with the negative or image in any way once it has been taken c. one who photographs moving objects in a theatrical way d. a photographer who creates portraits of wealthy individuals e. none of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. on the contrary, a straight photographer does not manipulate the negative or image. see styles of photography. b. correct. a straight photographer is one who does not tamper with the negative or image in any way once it has been taken, such as henri cartier-bresson. see styles of photography. c. incorrect. while a straight photographer may take theatrical, dynamic images, this is not the definition of a straight photographer. see styles of photography. d. incorrect. while a straight photographer may take portraits of wealthy individuals, this is not the definition of a straight photographer. see styles of photography. e. incorrect. a straight photographer does not manipulate negatives or images. see styles of photography. 58 13. authentic, unretouched photographs that record important social conditions and political events are called ______. a. documentary photographs b. portraiture c. decisive moments d. landscapes e. fine art photographs analysis a. correct. authentic, untampered photographs that record important events or social conditions are called documentary photographs. see styles of photography. b. incorrect. while these types of images sometimes contain elements of portraiture, that is not what they are called. see styles of photography. c. incorrect. decisive moments are what cartier-bresson tried to capture and are often photographs of very typical or common subjects. see styles of photography. d. incorrect. landscape photographs focus on nature scenes, not on social conditions or political events. see styles of photography. e. incorrect. sometimes a fine art photograph is a capture of a political event or social conditions, but that is not the specific category. see styles of photography. 14. in 1902, the photo-secession group was founded by ______. a. edward steichen b. man ray c. alfred stieglitz d. edward weston e. all of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. edward steichen did not found the photo-secession group. see styles of photography. b. incorrect. man ray did not found the photo-secession group. see styles of photography. c. correct. alfred stieglitz founded the photo-secession group. see styles of photography. d. incorrect. edward weston did not found the photo-secession group. see styles of photography. e. incorrect. alfred stieglitz founded the photo-secession group. see styles of photography. 15. man ray created images by placing objects on photographic paper in a darkroom and then exposing the paper to light. he called these images ________. a. portraits b. rayographs c. pictograms d. photomontages e. photorays 59 analysis a. incorrect. man ray did not call these types of images portraits. see styles of photography. b. correct. man ray called these images rayographs. see styles of photography. c. incorrect. man ray did not call these types of images pictograms. see styles of photography. d. incorrect. man ray did not call these types of images photomontages. see styles of photography. e. incorrect. man ray did not call these types of images photorays. see styles of photography. 16. the imaginative combination of photographic images in collages, an approach used by artists like hannah höch, is called _______. a. documentary photography b. straight photography c. rayographs d. photomontage e. negatives analysis a. incorrect. this imaginative combination is not called documentary photography. see styles of photography. b. incorrect. this imaginative combination is not called straight photography. see styles of photography. c. incorrect. this imaginative combination is not called rayographs. see styles of photography. d. correct. this imaginative combination is called photomontage. see styles of photography. e. incorrect. this imaginative combination is not called negatives. see styles of photography. 17. contemporary photographer _________________ is best known for recording the plight of the poor and refugees at the turn of the twenty-first century. a. cindy sherman b. sebastião salgado c. sandy skoglund d. lalla essaydi e. none of these are correct analysis a. incorrect. while an important photographer, sherman is not best known for documenting the plight of refugees and the poor in the twenty-first century. see contemporary approaches. b. correct. sebastião salgado is best known for documenting the plight of refugees and the poor in the twenty-first century. see contemporary approaches. c. incorrect. while an important photographer, skoglund is not best known for documenting the plight of refugees and the poor in the twenty-first century. see contemporary approaches. d. incorrect. while an important photographer, essaydi is not best known for documenting the plight of refugees and the poor in the twenty-first century. see contemporary approaches. e. incorrect. salgado is best known for documenting the plight of refugees and the poor in the twenty-first century. see contemporary approaches. 60