IV. Interviewing people with specialized knowledge is another way to gather materials for a
A. The first stage in the interviewing process takes place before the interview.
1. The interview process begins when a speaker formulates a purpose for the
2. Once the purpose of the interview is clear, a speaker must decide whom to
interview and set up an appointment with that person.
3. Next the speaker needs to decide whether or not to record the interview.
4. The most important task before the interview is preparing the questions to be asked.
B. The second stage of the interview process takes place during the interview itself.
1. It is important to dress appropriately and to show up on time.
2. It is a good idea at the outset to restate the purpose of the interview so as to
refresh the interviewee’s memory.
3. If the interviewee consents to having the interview recorded, the equipment
should be set up quickly and inconspicuously.
4. The most important part of the interview is asking the questions.
5. In addition to asking good questions, the interviewer must listen carefully to the
6. Finally, the interviewer should try not to exceed the stipulated time period for the
C. The third stage of the interview process takes place after the interview.
1. While the interview is still fresh, the researcher should review her or his notes.
2. As soon as possible after the interview, the researcher should transcribe ideas and
information from the interview into the same format as the rest of her or his
V. Regardless of which resources speakers rely on in gathering speech materials, there are
several ways to make their research more productive.
A. It is imperative that speakers begin their research early.
B. Speakers should create a preliminary bibliography of research sources.
C. Speakers can save time and energy by taking research notes efficiently.
1. They should take plenty of notes.
2. They should record notes in a consistent format and make a subject heading for
3. They should make a separate entry for each note.
4. They should distinguish among direct quotations, paraphrases, and their own ideas.
D. The research process is most productive when speakers think about their materials as