Type
Solution Manual
Book Title
Financial Accounting Fundamentals 5th Edition
ISBN 13
978-0078025754

978-0078025754 Chapter 4 Solution Manual Part 4

March 26, 2020
Problem 4-3B (Continued)
3. Multiple-step income statement
BARKLEY COMPANY
Income Statement
For Year Ended March 31, 2015
Sales .................................................................... $332,650
Less: Sales discounts ...................................... $ 5,875
Sales returns and allowances ............... 20,000 25,875
Net sales ............................................................. 306,775
Cost of goods sold * .......................................... 115,600
Gross profit ........................................................ 191,175
Expenses
*Cost of goods sold (alternative computation):
Problem 4-3B (Concluded)
4. Single-step income statement
BARKLEY COMPANY
Income Statement
For Year Ended March 31, 2015
Net sales ................................................................ $306,775
*From Part 3.
Problem 4-4B (30 minutes)
Part 1
Closing entries
March 31 Sales .................................................................. 332,650
Income Summary .......................................... 332,650
To close temporary accounts with credit balances.
March 31 Income Summary ............................................... 277,475
Sales Discounts ........................................... 5,875
Sales Returns and Allowances ................... 20,000
Cost of Goods Sold ...................................... 115,600
To close the dividends account.
Problem 4-4B (Concluded)
Part 2
The first step is to determine the amount of purchases that were subject to
a discount during the year:
Invoice cost of merchandise purchases ........................... $138,500
Part 3
First, we compute this year’s sales returns and allowances rate:
Sales ..................................................................................... $332,650
Problem 4-5B (60 Minutes)
Part 1
Adjustment (a)
Oct. 31 Store Supplies Expense ................................... 6,000
Store Supplies ............................................ 6,000
Problem 4-5B (Continued)
Part 2 Multiple-step income statement
FOSTER PRODUCTS COMPANY
Income Statement
For Year Ended October 31, 2015
Gross profit .............................................................. 142,600
Expenses
Selling expenses
Depreciation expenseStore equipment ......... 3,000
Sales salaries expense** .................................... 31,500
Rent expenseSelling space**.......................... 13,000
Store supplies expense ...................................... 6,000
* $78,500 = $75,800 + $2,700 (shrinkage)
** Salaries and rent expenses are equally divided between selling and general and administrative.
Part 3 Single-step income statement
FOSTER PRODUCTS COMPANY
Income Statement
For Year Ended October 31, 2015
Problem 4-5B (Concluded)
Part 4
Current assets
Cash ........................................................................... $ 7,400
Merchandise inventory ............................................ 21,300
Problem 4-6BB (50 minutes)
FOSTER PRODUCTS COMPANY
Work Sheet
For Year Ended October 31, 2015
Adjustments
Adjusted
Trial Balance
Income
Statement
Balance Sheet
Account Title
Dr.
Cr.
Dr.
Cr.
Dr.
Cr.
Dr.
Cr.
Dr.
Cr.
Cash ...........................................
7,400
7,400
7,400
Merchandise inventory ............
24,000
(d)
2,700
21,300
21,300
Store supplies ...........................
9,700
(a)
6,000
3,700
3,700
Dividends ..................................
2,000
2,000
2,000
Sales ..........................................
227,100
227,100
227,100
Sales discounts ........................
1,000
1,000
1,000
Sales returns and allowances
5,000
5,000
5,000
SERIAL PROBLEM SP 4
Serial Problem SP 4, Business Solutions (150 minutes) Part 1
Journal entries
Jan. 4 Wages Expense ..............................................623 125
Additional investment by owner for stock.
7 Merchandise Inventory ..................................119 5,800
Accounts Payable ...................................201 5,800
Purchased merchandise on credit.
9 Cash .................................................................101 2,668
Completed work on project.
13 Accounts ReceivableLiu Corp. ...................106.5 5,200
Sales .........................................................413 5,200
Sold merchandise on credit.
13 Cost of Goods Sold ........................................502 3,560
16 Cash .................................................................101 4,000
Computer Services Revenue .................403 4,000
Collected cash revenue from customer.
Serial Problem SP 4 (Continued)
Jan. 17 Accounts Payable ..........................................201 5,800
Accounts ReceivableLiu Corp. ...........106.5 500
Customer returned defective goods.
* Business Solutions leaves the cost of defective
products in its costs of goods sold. If it did not,
the following entry would have been recorded:
Collected accounts receivable.
January 13 sale ..................................... $5,200
January 20 return ................................... 500
Amount due from Liu ............................. $4,700
Discount at 1% ....................................... 47
Accounts Payable ...................................201 9,000
Purchased merchandise for resale.
26 Accounts ReceivableKC, Inc ......................106.8 5,800
Sales .........................................................413 5,800
Sold merchandise on credit.
Paid employee wages.
Serial Problem SP 4 (Continued)
Feb. 1 Prepaid Rent ...................................................131 2,475
Cash .........................................................101 2,475
Paid three months’ rent in advance.
Less credit allowed .......................... (496)
Accounts payable to Kansas Corp. $8,504
Less discount at 1% x $9,000 .......... (90)
Amount due to Kansas Corp. .......... $8,414
5 Advertising Expense ......................................655 600
15 Dividends .........................................................319 4,800
Cash .........................................................101 4,800
Paid cash for dividends.
23 Accounts ReceivableDelta Co. ...................106.7 3,220
Sales .........................................................413 3,220
Cash .........................................................101 1,000
Paid employee.
Accounts Rec.Delta Co. ......................106.7 3,220
Collected accounts receivable.
11 Repairs ExpenseComputer .........................684 960
Cash .........................................................101 960
Paid for computer repairs.
Paid accounts payable ($1,100 + $2,730).
24 Accounts ReceivableEasy Leasing ...........106.3 9,047
Computer Services Revenue .................403 9,047
Billed customer for services.
25 Accounts ReceivableWildcat Services ........... 106.2 2,800
30 Accounts ReceivableIFM Co. .....................106.4 2,220
Sales .........................................................413 2,220
Sold merchandise on credit.
30 Cost of Goods Sold ........................................502 1,048
Merchandise Inventory ...........................119 1,048
Part 2
Ledger accounts as of March 31 before posting of March 31 adjusting entries
Cash Acct. No. 101
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Dec. 31 Balance 48,372
Jan. 4 625 47,747
22 4,653 77,726
31 1,250 76,476
Feb. 1 2,475 74,001
3 8,414 65,587
5 600 64,987
Accounts Receivable—Alex’s Engineering Co. Acct. No. 106.1
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Accounts ReceivableWildcat Services Acct. No. 106.2
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Serial Problem SP 4 (Continued)
Accounts ReceivableEasy Leasing Acct. No. 106.3
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Accounts ReceivableIFM Co. Acct. No. 106.4
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Accounts ReceivableLiu Corporation Acct. No. 106.5
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Accounts ReceivableGomez Co. Acct. No. 106.6
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Accounts ReceivableDelta Co. Acct. No. 106.7
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Accounts ReceivableKC, Inc. Acct. No. 106.8
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Serial Problem SP 4 (Continued)
Accounts ReceivableDream, Inc. Acct. No. 106.9
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Dec. 31 Balance 0
Merchandise Inventory Acct. No. 119
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Dec. 31 Balance 0
Jan. 7 5,800 5,800
13 3,560 2,240
Computer Supplies Acct. No. 126
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Prepaid Insurance Acct. No. 128
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Prepaid Rent Acct. No. 131
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Office Equipment Acct. No. 163
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Serial Problem SP 4 (Continued)
Accumulated DepreciationOffice Equipment Acct. No. 164
Accumulated DepreciationComputer Equipment Acct. No. 168
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Dec. 31 Balance 1,250
Accounts Payable Acct. No. 201
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Dec. 31 Balance 1,100
Wages Payable Acct. No. 210
Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance
Jan. 11 1,500 0

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