Chapter 34 - International Law and the New World Order
d. In regard to special considerations, the final best state of affairs that all
nation-states seek (or should seek) is the formation of a democratic or a
republican world government.
a. The global landscape is chaotic.
b. Nation-states are the chief actors and all foreign policy decisions must be made to
echo the “deepest values of liberal democratic societies.”
c. The United States must be involved in global affairs and, in doing so, must
promote democratic principles.
d. In regard to special considerations, neoconservatives voice a wariness for social
reengineering missions, suspicion about the usefulness of NGOs, and a belief in
the effectiveness of unilateral (as opposed to multinational) military crusades
including especially preemptive and preventative strikes
a. The global community scene is largely chaotic.
b. Nation-states and NGOs share the global power with international corporations.
c. International corporations cross frontiers and act to preserve their own existence,
as do nation-states; however, internationals act reasonably as they work to
generate higher profits.
d. Nation-states and international corporations act as collaborative partners and in
doing so, follow the morality of profit.
E. The Global Initial Conditions
1. Economic Initial Conditions
a. The economic new world order sees the international community as divided into
two sectors: (1) those nations that are economically stable and secure and, thus,
have healthy, functioning economies and (2) those nation-states that are
b. The goal is to overcome or eliminate disconnectedness between economically
stable and economically dysfunctional nations.
2. Cultural Initial Conditions
a. This view sees the globe as divided into eight distinct civilizations that are more
or less autonomous and more or less incapable of successfully cooperating with
more than one, or at the most two, other civilizations.
b. A civilization is a group of people in a series of different nation-states that share
common characteristics, including history, religion, tradition, beliefs, often
language, and sometimes ancestry.
c. One of the rules proposed is the prime directive of the civilizational world order,
that is, that each civilization should never interfere with the internal affairs of
d. Under this version of the new world order, international law has two goals: to
promote civilizational autonomy and to protect civilizational rights.
3. Ideological Initial Conditions
a. The ideological new world order sees nation-states grouped based on politics.
b. In this international environment, the job of international law is to help build and
protect a modern concert of democracies that would unite the democratic states
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