Book Title
Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Standard Edition 9th Edition

978-0073382395 Chapter 6 Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions

April 3, 2019
Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions
1. The four pieces are the present value (PV), the periodic cash flow (C), the discount rate (r), and the number
of payments, or the life of the annuity, t.
2. Assuming positive cash flows, both the present and the future values will rise.
3. Assuming positive cash flows, the present value will fall and the future value will rise.
4. It’s deceptive, but very common. The basic concept of time value of money is that a dollar today is not
worth the same as a dollar tomorrow. The deception is particularly irritating given that such lotteries are
usually government sponsored!
5. If the total money is fixed, you want as much as possible as soon as possible. The team (or, more
accurately, the team owner) wants just the opposite.
6. The better deal is the one with equal installments.
7. Yes, they should. APRs generally don’t provide the relevant rate. The only advantage is that they are easier
to compute, but, with modern computing equipment, that advantage is not very important.
8. A freshman does. The reason is that the freshman gets to use the money for much longer before interest
starts to accrue. The subsidy is the present value (on the day the loan is made) of the interest that would
have accrued up until the time it actually begins to accrue.
9. The problem is that the subsidy makes it easier to repay the loan, not obtain it. However, ability to repay
the loan depends on future employment, not current need. For example, consider a student who is currently
10. In general, viatical settlements are ethical. In the case of a viatical settlement, it is simply an exchange of
cash today for payment in the future, although the payment depends on the death of the seller. The
purchaser of the life insurance policy is bearing the risk that the insured individual will live longer than
expected. Although viatical settlements are ethical, they may not be the best choice for an individual. In a
Solutions to Questions and Problems
NOTE: All end of chapter problems were solved using a spreadsheet. Many problems require multiple steps.
Due to space and readability constraints, when these intermediate steps are included in this solutions manual,
rounding may appear to have occurred. However, the final answer for each problem is found without rounding
during any step in the problem.
1. To solve this problem, we must find the PV of each cash flow and add them. To find the PV of a lump sum,
we use:
PV = FV / (1 + r)t
2. To find the PVA, we use the equation:
PVA = C({1 – [1/(1 + r)]t } / r )
At a 5 percent interest rate: