SESP 82402

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
Which of the following is NOT a basic skill for a group leader?
a. Active listening
b. Trust fall
c. Reflection
d. Summarizing
Dyads are never used as a technique for developing the comfort level among members.
a. True
b. False
A. Cutting off
B. Drawing out
One member is afraid to speak because he thinks that people will laugh at him.
"Reflecting" content or feeling is a skill limited to individual counseling and, if used in
a group setting, my get the members bogged down.
a. True
b. False
According to the authors, which of the following can be a MISTAKE with regard to
explaining group rules?
a. Spending a short amount of time on the rules
b. Making up the rules as a group decision activity
c. Discussing the rules as they become relevant in the group
d. Deciding on the rules and informing the members of what they are
It is important for leaders of "divorce recovery" groups to have members who have a
wide ranges of interests and issues to resolve, from grieving over the divorce to meeting
someone for a new relationship.
a. True
b. False
By saying, "Let's focus on another issue that is equally important as this one," the leader
a. shifting the focus to a topic.
b. holding the focus on a topic.
c. deepening the focus on a topic.
d. none of the above
Directing members to create a collage by cutting out pictures, words, or phrases from a
magazine that best describe them is an example of using ______________________ in
a. Fantasy
b. Arts and crafts
c. Creative props
d. Family sculpture
Which of the following is a MISTAKE when dealing with a problem situation in
a. Talking to a negative member outside of group
b. Giving a dominating member a helping role in group
c. Allowing the group to sit in silence for 10 minutes as punishment
d. Letting other members do a majority of the helping with a resistant member
A. Deepening the focus
B. Establishing the focus
C. Holding the focus
D. Shifting the focus
The leader says to the members, "For the next 20 minutes or so we are going to talk
about decision making." The leader passes out pieces of paper and asks members to
draw their "board of directors," or the individuals they consult when they have an
important decision to make.
Children's groups are usually smaller than adolescent and adult groups because
a. they have shorter attention spans
b. it is hard for them to maintain focus
c. they may have difficulty interacting with one another
d. all of the choices
A. Counseling
B. Discussion
C. Education
D. Growth
E. Self-help
F. Support
G. Task
A group for parents whose children have been sexually abused meet weekly to discuss
effective parenting skills. The leader provides information on a variety of topics
including: the nature of abuse and its effects on the child, parenting an abused child,
and dealing with the stress and grief of child sexual abuse. Sometimes, the leader
facilitates discussion so that members can share their perspectives and ideas.
As a rule, it is desirable to let quiet members keep to themselves in most group
situations rather than make an effort to draw them into the group.
a. True
b. False
Adlerian psychology emphasizes that all behavior is purposeful.
a. True
b. False
Reality therapy or choice theory focuses totally on the past rather than dealing with
present day situations of group members.
a. True
b. False
A. Deepening the focus
B. Establishing the focus
C. Holding the focus
D. Shifting the focus
The members of an Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOA) therapy group are talking
about the dynamics that existed in their families of origin. To make the session more
meaningful, the leader proposes that the members try sculpting their family dynamics
using other members of the group as subjects.
"Big picture" planning may involve
a. deciding upon member screening procedures.
b. thinking about all of the topics to be covered in group.
c. choosing the time of day for meetings.
d. determining which group rules are most relevant.
Which of the following is FALSE about leading groups with adolescents?
a. Adolescents frequently test the leader's acceptance of their values
b. Adolescents often listen to an older leader before listening to their peers
c. Adolescents are usually concerned about what they say and confidentiality
d. Adolescents will not mind if the leader takes charge and the group is interesting
To help more than one person at the same time, the leader could do which of the
a. Put one person on hold
b. Have two working members give advice to each other
c. Give each working member an in-depth round to complete
d. All of the choices
The authors note that patience is needed when working with members who may not be
fully committed to their own healing, such as
a. adolescents and children
b. couples and survivors of sexual abuse
c. clients with addictions
d. divorced clients and clients with chronic diseases or disabilities
Choices of names of exercises:
A. Arts and crafts
B. Common reading
C. Creative props
D. Experiential
E. Fantasy
F. Moral dilemma
G. Movement
H. Touching
When directing members to think about the amount of fun in their lives, the leader sets
a small chair in the middle of the circle to focus the discussion.
The authors identify each of the following as a possible purpose for a group session
a. To have fun
b. To learn information
c. To build relationships
d. To fill time
In addition to being a experiential exercise, arts and crafts exercises can serve as a
projective technique by which members get more in touch with their feelings.
a. True
b. False
Members may be reluctant to speak up in a group for a variety of reasons, including
lack of trust of the leader or other members.
a. True
b. False
Although all of the following are important, the most important aspect of making
effective use an exercise is
a. setting the proper tone.
b. involving all of the members.
c. introducing the exercise clearly.
d. processing the exercise to a deep and meaningful level.
When trust among members in a group is low it is best if the leader plans a lot of
activities that involve personal sharing so that members get to know each other better.
a. True
b. False
To set a positive tone for the group, the leader should
a. be enthusiastic and creative
b. be warm and inviting
c. get control early and show members she is prepared to lead
d. all of the available choices
During the middle stage of an education group, it is important for the leader to shift
from presenting information to processing and discussing that information so that the
members have a chance to apply this information in their daily lives as appropriate.
a. True
b. False
Available choices:
A. counseling/therapy
B. discussion
C. education
D. growth/experiential
E. self-help
F. support
G. task
Members of a parenting group in the working stage carefully listen to the leader, and
then discuss the topic and share their reactions to the material.
All of the following are appropriate ways to begin a session EXCEPT?
a. Reviewing the previous session
b. Using a round to quickly check-in with members
c. Having a new member introduce himself to the group
d. Allowing one member to talk through most of the warm-up time
Dyads can be a very useful technique when the leader wishes to provide a chance for
two group members to spend time talking to one another.
a. True
b. False
"Problem Member" descriptions:
A. Chronic talker
B. Distracter
C. Get-the-leader
D. Negative member
E. Rescuing member
F. Resistant member
This member tries to get the group off task by bringing up irrelevant subjects or asking
irrelevant questions.
Which of the following is NOT recommended for the leader to do when handling a
talkative member?
a. Maintaining eye contact and nodding when the member speaks
b. Addressing the whole group about talkative behavior, in general
c. Seeking other members' feedback about the member's behavior
d. Pairing with the member in dyads to discuss the member's behavior
How can exercises provide opportunities for experiential learning?
The authors define the closing _____________ as the last session of the group, or the
last few sessions, depending on the kind of group.
If a leader uses Transactional Analysis with a group, he will teach them how
____________ states effect their interactions with others.
According to the authors, the first session of any group is often the most important
session and also the most difficult to lead. Explain why this is true.
Why is holding the group's focus a challenge for many leaders?
Choose a theory and explain how group members can help a working member by using
that theory.
A leader may use cutting off skills when a member's comments to another member
appear to be ___________________________.,
When teaching group members about rational emotive behavior theory, it is important
to help them understand that some thoughts or 'self-talk" are true and some ________
If a leader believes a group that has reached the middle stage is not going well, he or
she may need to make adjustments to their _______________________ style.
To prevent an unwanted shift in the group's focus, _______________________skills are
One of the most useful purposes of pairing members in dyads early in a group is to help
build __________________________________.
After a particular topic has been discussed at length the leader may want to _________
the focus.
How much time should the leader spend in the closing stage of group?
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy is based on the premise that _______________
cause feelings.
Why is it good to have a back-up plan for a group session?

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