Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

SESP 16384

July 4, 2017
The conceptual frameworks have the following aspects in common:
a. Change
b. Adaptation
c. Stability
d. All of the above
Which of the following observation tool created requires the supervisor to provide
proof regarding topics on classroom, teachers, pupils, or the lesson?
a. Open-ended observation
b. Cross categorical frequency instrument
c. Focused questionnaire observation
d. All of the above
Which of the following descriptions are accurate for person roles and behaviors?
a. Encourager supports the contributions of other members.
b. Harmonizer looks for ways to reduce tensions.
c. Follower accepts the decisions of the group.
d. All of the above.
The supervisor stated, "I will be scheduling another observation to review your
cooperative group strategy in three weeks." This statement is an example of the
a. Directive Control
b. Collaborative
c. Directive informational
d. All of these
For each level, Guskey (2002) also proposed questions that would provide data to the
evaluation levels. Which of the following were included? Students should learn
a. about nondominant cultures.
b. about experiences from a variety of cultures, which have not be afforded democracy.
c. from communities and societies that recognize diversity.
d. All of these
Which of the following theories has challenged the dominant perspective of andragogy,
self-directed learning, transformative learning, and experiential learning?
a. Postmodernism
b. Critical multiculturalism
c. Critical race theory
d. All of these
Banks (2000) describes classes for lower-track students in the following manner. Which
applies to his research?
a. Low level instruction
b. Drill exercise
c. Lack of higher-level content
d. All of the above
Evans (1996) states that the rational-structural model in schools is the primary reason
why change does not take effect. Which of the following characteristics represents this
a. Top-down methodology requirements for innovation
b. Lip service participation
c. Staff investment in the implementation
d. All of the above
Developmental supervision may be the match of initial supervisory approach with the
a. developmental levels
b. expertise
c. commitment
d. All of these
For each level, Guskey (2002) also proposed questions that would provide data to the
evaluation levels. Which of the following were included?
a. How will information be used?
b. What type of measurements would be used?
c. What are questions to be addressed?
d. All of the above
Based upon the supervisor's decision-making responsibility and educational philosophy,
the supervisor may use which of the following types of supervision?
a. Directive supervision
b. Nondirect supervision
c. Collaborative supervision
d. All of these
What are some cautions concerning observations that may be considered?
a. The supervisor's observation is affected by personal experiences and values.
b. The observation may be altered due to the supervisor's presence.
c. The interpretation of the data needs to be best constructed by the teacher.
d. All of the above
There are cautions in viewing schools as communities because
a. Shields and Selzer (1997) states that schools are but a microcosms of conflicts and
disparities in the wider community.
b. Furman (1988) states that traditional unit is impossible because of the chaos in the
postmodern world.
c. Sergiovanni (1999) states that life in organization and life in communities are
different in both quality and kind.
d. All of these
There are attributes that show the important relationships of building one community
with the larger community. Which of the following attributes would overlap to build an
authentic school community?
a. Democracy
b. Inquiry
c. Moral Principles
d. Self interest
"In my own teaching, I"ve found that I need to use a range of instructional strategies to
improve student learning. These teacher strategies need to be placed in your lesson."
Which supervisory behavior was illustrated by the supervisor's explanation?
a. Collaborative
b. Directive Informational
c. Directive Control
d. All of these
Gordon, Stiegelbauer, and Diehl (2008) discusses that school improvement has been
associated with a number of variables that may also occur in a democratic community.
What are these?
a. Teacher empowerment
b. Academic Freedom
c. Reflective Dialogue
d. All of these
Supervisory behaviors may be categorized into which of the following?
a. Negotiating, problem solving
b. Presenting, reflecting
c. Encouraging, clarifying
d. Explaining, Listening
The guidelines for the use of directive control behaviors include which of the following:
a. when supervisors is totally accountable
b. when teachers lack the skills that are needed
c. when the supervisor needs to raise awareness of the critical importance of impacting
students' learning
d. All of these
During this ending section of the conference, the supervisor asked the teacher to restate
the goal, describe the activities, and determine the criteria for student progress. The
supervisor also states the next observation time. Which supervisory behavior was used
in this final step-Step Ten?
a. Clarifying
b. Reinforcing
c. Standardizing
d. All of these
What are the characteristics for a positive learning climate?
a. Sense of empowerment
b. Relationships
c. Moral tone
d. Safe Environment
The goal of supervision is to
a. develop critical thinking
b. ensure commitment to the profession
c. improve classroom instruction
d. all of the these
Supervisors must develop the methods to engage teachers who have very low levels of
development, expertise, and commitment, and engagement engage in action research.
Which of the following would be used?
a. Intensive direct assistance
b. Shadowing teachers who are engaged in the use of action research
c. His/her expertise on a subject.
d. All of these.
Supervisors need to develop a culturally responsive school. Which of the following
creates that type of school?
a. Cushner, McClelland, and Safford (2003) " stages of intercultural sensitivity
b. Guerra and Nelson (2008) " demographic analysis of variety of student data
c. Madsen and Mabokela (2005) " creation of school development highlighting the
organizational identity and collaboration with families and community
d. All of these
Gordon discusses that teachers historically described supervision in the following way.
Which of the follow applies to this research?
a. Systematic approach that includes lesson plans, goals, and objectives
b. Paperwork that may must be given to the administrator on a regular basis
c. Method of evaluation that monitors instruction
d. All of the above
The hierarchical stage and life cycle phases indicate that adult learning is
a. interactive.
b. socially contexted.
c. universal.
d. orderly and sequential.
When a supervisor asks questions to understand the speaker's point of view, which type
of supervisory behavior is used?
a. Clarifying
b. Problem Solving
c. Reflecting
d. Encouraging
Which of the following question emphasize the purpose of Step 5: Critique?
a. What was valuable in what we have been doing?
b. What methods were used in the data?
c. What areas need to be improved?
d. What was valuable in what we are doing?
In Step Three, the supervisor determines if the teacher is in agreement with naming the
problem and the type of improvement that has been discussed in the planning
conference. The supervisor wants to understand the perceptions that are held by the
teacher. Which supervisory behavior is being demonstrated?
a. Listening
b. Directing
c. Clarifying
d. All of these
How has the research addressed whether effective schools and effective teaching are the
same? Which applies answers to this research?
a. Effective teaching promotes the development of effective school research.
b. Effective teaching and effective school research discuss the ways to accomplish the
goals of learning.
c. Effective teaching and effective school research has been neutral on its findings in the
development of learning
d. All of these.
Levi (2011) described the specific dimensions of an effective group. Which of the
following apply? Content and purpose is revealed in the task.
a. Interpersonal dynamics is called the person dimension.
b. Participants derive satisfaction in their own contributions.
c. Content and purpose of the group meeting is the task dimension.
d. All of the above.
Supervisors use technical tasks to improve instructions. Which of the following
represent these tasks?
a. Direct Assistance
b. Professional Development
c. Action Research
d. All of the above
Arrington and Moore (2001) discuss the importance of involving students in learning
experiences that stretch into the community and the world. Which of the following are
examples of this type of learning?
a. Service learning
b. Place based learning
c. Democratic learning
d. All of these
How is action research similar to the action plans developed within individual teachers?
Which of the following describes the process?
a. Phase 1 " select a focus area
b. Phase 2 " conduct needs assessment
c. Phase 3 " design action plan
d. All of the above
Darling-Hammond (2006) stated that the American factory model schools differ from
high-achieving European and Asian countries in which of the following ways?
a. Less time to plan
b. Ineffective assessment measurements for learning
c. Curriculum lessons
d. Observation techniques