Book Title
Positive Behavioral Supports for the Classroom 3rd Edition

SED LR 25797

July 27, 2017
Organizing the classroom should be one of the last things teachers do in preparation for
their students because
a. the room might get disorganized if done too soon.
b. the teacher will want students to help determine how the room should be organized.
c. the daily schedule, instructional activities, reinforcement activities, and other
decisions will affect decisions about organization.
d. a and b only
During new learning, each student should respond this many times correctly per minute.
a. 8 - 10
b. 3 - 4
c. 7 - 9
d. 1 - 2
Ms. Higgins implemented a reinforcement plan with her language arts class. She also
implemented several plans for individual students. Behaviors improved for a few days
and then student behaviors began to deteriorate. What should Ms. Higgins do now?
a. Stop using the current reinforcement plans and create new ones.
b. Suspend the students and start the current reinforcement plans again.
c. Follow problem solving steps and examine the plans.
d. b and c
Max was a student in Mr. Gray's class. He worked on a behavior contract that stated
that he needed to earn 10 points before he could trade them for time to play a game.
However, he learned that even if he acted out and did not earn the 10 points, Mr. Gray
would sometimes give in and let him play a game. He had some fun seeing just how far
out of line he could get and still get to play. What error did Mr. Gray make?
a. He needs to buy new games.
b. Max's time with the games was not contingent upon his behavior.
c. He should lower the number of points needed to play a game.
d. He needs a better relationship with Max.
The students in Ms. Price's class have been taught to stop what they are doing and look
at her when they see her hand in the air. Ms. Price's hand in the air is called what type
of stimulus?
a. discriminative
b. complete
c. incomplete
d. none of the above
Most businesses and other public facilities take great care to make their environment
pleasing and welcoming to the public.
a. true
b. false
Happy, content students are more likely to be cooperative. When your class is a place
where students want to be, they will be less likely to exhibit inappropriate behavior to
escape. To accomplish this type of environment, Ms. Truman used which of the
a. She used respectful talk to students, parents, and professional peers.
b. She displayed quality student work.
c. She adhered to a zero tolerance policy for any off task behavior.
d. a and b only
Which differential reinforcement system would be most appropriate for severe
acting-out behaviors, including aggression?
a. differential reinforcement of alternative behavior or differential reinforcement of
incompatible behavior
b. differential reinforcement of lower levels of behavior
c. differential reinforcement of zero levels of behavior
d. a and c
Happy, contented students are more likely to be cooperative. If your class is a place
where students want to be, they will be less likely to exhibit inappropriate behavior to
a. true
b. false
Mr. Covey is a new teacher to his school this year. He understands the importance of
positive, collaborative teacher-parent relationships. He initiated early contact with the
parents of his students. As parent conference day approached, he asked a veteran
teacher for advice about making parent meetings as productive as possible. Which of
the following would be a part of the advice he received?
a. Take steps to ensure that parents feel welcome in the educational setting.
b. Keep the meetings on a strict timetable: no meeting should go longer than scheduled.
c. Use terminology that is understood by everyone rather than jargon.
d. a and c
Ms. Sands uses worksheet packets for the individual practice section of her teaching
plan. What problem(s) might occur when using these materials?
a. Students may receive little teacher interaction.
b. Students may view worksheets as busy work.
c. Unless carefully chosen, items on the sheets may not address targeted skills.
d. all of the above
Tommy has a problem staying in his seat when he is in Ms. Myers class. Ms. Myers
developed a reinforcement plan that allowed Tommy to be reinforced only when he was
seated in his chair. What type of reinforcement was Ms. Myers using?
a. differential reinforcement of alternative behavior
b. differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior
c. differential reinforcement of lower levels of behavior
d. differential reinforcement of zero levels of behavior
Sometimes, events or conditions that are not immediately connected in time and place
to the behavior in question may affect the behavior; such conditions are known as
a. setting events
b. teaching events
c. coaching events
d. unusual events
A SW-PBIS approach avoids problems that often occur with commercial discipline
programs through the use of which of the following attributes?
a. Determining that the majority of a school's staff view discipline as an important
b. Saving the cost of a commercial program.
c. Designing interventions that reflect the unique needs and culture of the school.
d. a and c
Which of the following statements regarding classroom organization is correct?
a. When teachers match the physical arrangement of their classrooms to support
instructional and social expectations, student behavior tends to be more appropriate.
b. There is no relationship between classroom organization and student behavior.
c. There is no relationship between classroom organization and instruction.
d. b and c only
Mr. Graves used a variety of activities each day. His students never knew what to
expect when they came to class. Mr. Graves thought that this way of teaching would
keep his students from being bored. When he began to have classroom management
problems, a mentor teacher pointed out that his planning lacked an important element.
Which of the following would help Mr. Graves?
a. weekly exams
b. regular classroom routines
c. more punishment for his students' misbehaviors
d. more homework assignment
Mr. Reed reinforced one of his students every third time he raised his hand to speak in
class. This schedule of reinforcement is called
a. interval
b. variable ratio
c. fixed ratio
d. fixed interval
Mr. Smith had a student who taunted and made verbal threats to classmates. Mr. Smith
decided that he needed to gather data from this student's teachers before developing an
intervention to address the behavior. Mr. Smith was preparing to use functional
a. assessment
b. structure
c. analysis
d. none of the above
Functional assessment involves five steps: collect data; analyze data; formulate
hypotheses; develop interventions; monitor and adjust interventions.
a. true
b. false
Response cost is easy to use, versatile, and may produce long-term changes in behavior.
a. true
b. false
A school uses a schoolwide reinforcement system. Is this school using SW-PBIS?
a. Yes. Schoolwide reinforcement is a cardinal feature of schoolwide PBS.
b. No. SW-PBIS does not include schoolwide reinforcement.
c. Perhaps. We"d need to know more about this school before determining if they use
d. Yes. Any school that uses school wide reinforcement is using SW-PBIS.
A visitor should be able to ask several randomly selected students about the rules and
procedures and receive ___________________________ from each student.
a. smiles
b. eye contact
c. similar responses
d. a greeting
When students are engaged in break time activities, the chances of behavior problems
are high unless the teacher has:
a. established and taught rules and procedures for break time.
b. zero tolerance policies for behavior problems during break times.
c. one on one supervision of students by adults.
d. all of the above
Which of the following is not included in the philosophy of Project Re-ED.
a. People who work with children and youth who exhibit challenging behaviors must
believe that positive change is attainable.
b. Some behaviors are caused by genetic disorders and cannot be changed.
c. A therapeutic relationship between adult caregivers and children who exhibit difficult
behaviors is an essential prerequisite for behavioral change.
d. Appropriate academic and social expectations, assessment, and programming are
critical to a young person's success.
A fixed interval scallop is
a. the tendency of target behaviors to increase just before the end of the interval in a
fixed interval schedule of reinforcement.
b. the tendency for target behaviors to vary wildly in a fixed interval schedule of
c. the tendency for target behaviors to spike in the middle of reinforcement intervals in
a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement.
d. the tendency for target behaviors to spike at the beginning of reinforcement intervals
in a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement.
George has received social skills training from his special education teacher. He has not
made very much progress. Which of the following could be the reason for this?
a. failure to systematically assess deficits prior to instruction
b. failure to provide instruction that teachers and parents consider important
c. failure to address generalization of skills across settings and over time
d. all of the above
The first step in the FBA process is to gather information from
a. the student's teachers.
b. paraprofessionals who work with the student.
c. the student's parents.
d. all of the above
The FBA process, especially analyzing data and formulating hypotheses, should be
a. completed by the school psychologist.
b. completed by the parent.
c. a team effort
d. all of the above
A visitor to your classroom should be able to discern which of the following for your
a. ability levels
b. rules and procedures
c. students who exhibit the most challenging behaviors
d. all of the above
Which tier of SW-PBIS is intended for the most students?
a. secondary level
b. primary level
c. tertiary level
d. none of the above
Ms. Pearl had a history of coming to work late. This year there was a new principal who
stood at the front doors each morning with a smile and words of welcome to students
and staff. Ms. Pearl began arriving to school on time to greet her principal. The
principal was using what behavioral technique?
a. negative reinforcement
b. positive reinforcement
c. activity reinforcement
d. reinforcement schedule
An example of a weak discriminative stimulus is when a student does not follow a
a. true
b. false
What type of behaviors warrant the use of a behavior reduction intervention?
a. Chronic inappropriate behaviors that persist despite clear, correct use of antecedent
b. Behavior that is dangerous to the student or others.
c. Behaviors that interfere with the student's academic or social success.
d. all of the above