SED EM 68815

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
It is generally not necessary for leaders of ACOA (adult children of alcoholics) groups
to have a strong informational and skill background in addictions because the members
will be able to bring that kind of information into the group.
a. True
b. False
Feedback exercises may be most valuable when
a. trust is low among members.
b. a negative member needs to be "put in her place."
c. one member wants to know what others think of him.
d. members are allowed to say whatever they want to each other.
When a member brings up a new issue toward the end of a group session, it is important
for the leader to let that member present the issue even if the group time limit runs over.
a. True
b. False
Once a group has been underway, it is a mistake for the leader to meet with a member
individually outside the group in order to deal with a problem behavior on the member's
a. True
b. False
Once "purpose" is established in the opening session of a group, the sessions that follow
do not need to have a clear purpose.
a. True
b. False
When a member is "in-touch" with his or her pain from a childhood memory, it is
sometimes the best idea to allow that person to experience the pain rather than coming
to their "rescue".
a. True
b. False
If during the middle stage of a group, the leader finds the level of trust to be low, she
will want to focus on trust rather than trying to foster interest in a topic as a remedy.
a. True
b. False
If the beginning stage of a group lasts for more than one session, the leader is obviously
doing something wrong or the members are not ready for a group experience.
a. True
b. False
Phase of an exercise:
A. introducing
B. conducting
C. processing
A leader can decide whether or not they will participate when in this phase of the
One advantage of the leader summarizing as he or she is closing a session is that the
leader can emphasize certain points and focus on certain members' comments.
a. True
b. False
According to the authors, the purpose of discussions about religion is generally to
a. convert members to a particular religion.
b. change people's minds about how to practice religion.
c. make members think about how their beliefs can anger others.
d. help members feel comfortable with their own beliefs and behaviors.
A. Negative tone.
B. Positive
The leader cut off a member who complained about being mandated to attend the group
and who stated that groups like this one were "useless."
Skills used during the middle stages of a group;
A. Changing leadership style
B. Changing group structure
C. Introducing new topics
D. Using outside assignments
E. Using progress reports
F. Using voice
G. Varying the format
In a 'starting over" group for divorced clients dealing with anger, ex-partners, and
children have already been thoroughly discussed. The leader states "Another topic of
interest is meeting new people and dating. Let's spend some time talking about how to
meet new people."
Clarifying rambling or confusing comments made by a member can be done using each
of the following techniques EXCEPT
a. asking questions.
b. reflecting what the member said.
c. using other members to restate the member's point.
d. mini-lecturing.
Most groups for children deal with values, building social skills, and self-concept
a. True
b. False
A. Negative tone.
B. Positive
The leader of a group of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
(ADHD) began the group by listing the rules.
Which of the following is NOT a specific recommendation from the authors to build
"experience with individuals" for the purpose of increasing effective leadership skills?
a. Talking with all kinds of people
b. Pursuing a broad range of life experience
c. Being romantically involved with a person from another culture
d. Having one-on-one counseling experience with a diverse clientele
The leader wants each member to be brief and specific about how comfortable he or she
feels in group. The BEST way to do this is to ask members to
a. comment in a round.
b. talk with a neighbor about their thoughts.
c. rate how their comfort level on a scale of 1-10.
d. share a word or phrase that captures their comfort level.
According to the authors, which of the following is NOT a purpose or goal of the
closing phase of a session?
a. To summarize the main points of the session
b. To review behavior change commitments made by members
c. To start a new topic that wasn"t previously discussed in group
d. To check for unfinished or unresolved issues that members may have
Which of the following is FALSE about confidentiality?
a. The leader cannot guarantee complete confidentiality
b. Leaders may divulge information concerning child or adolescent members
c. Confidentiality may be breached if the leader learns that a member is planning to hurt
d. None of the available choices is false.
The leader should cut-off a member for all of the following reasons EXCEPT if the
a. has said something hurtful.
b. is saying something that is inaccurate.
c. is giving productive feedback to another member.
d. has opened up only at the end of the session.
Although there have been many articles published encouraging research into group
a. No one has come to the front with on-going quality research
b. Much of the research is simply ignored
c. The application of such research has limited value
d. None of these choices
In the first and second sessions, it is particularly important that the leader train each
member to look at the leader when he or she is talking in order to establish good
communications between them.
a. True
b. False
To deepen the focus of the group and the level of commitment of members, the authors
suggest all of the following EXCEPT
a. using a depth chart to illustrate the depth that the group is achieving.
b. changing his or her voice to elicit more serious comments from the members.
c. shifting the focus to a topic or activity designed to generate deeper discussion.
d. suggesting that the group take the topics and their participation more seriously.
When leading a support group titled, "Surviving the Pain of Divorce", the leader
focuses for twenty minutes on a member's wish to change jobs. This is an example of
lack of clarity of purpose on the leader's part.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is TRUE about the use of fantasy exercises in groups?
a. Asking members to close their eyes is unethical.
b. Members may get in touch with unconscious pain.
c. The use of fantasy exercises is "fluff" and should be avoided.
d. Fantasy exercises do not allow members to make connections to their daily lives.
A. Deepening the focus
B. Establishing the focus
C. Holding the focus
D. Shifting the focus
As one member of a parenting group shares her struggle with holding her children
accountable through use of consequences, another member nods her head in agreement.
The leader says to the second member, "I"ve noticed that you"re nodding your head.
What are your thoughts about what has been said?"
Non-voluntary members of a group can never be convinced that the group experience
may be helpful.
a. True
b. False
If members are critical of the leader during the close phase of a group, this is a good
time for the leader to let the members know that he is in-charge and knows what he is
doing regardless of how the members feel about it.
a. True
b. False
When a member brings up a topic unrelated to the purpose of the group, the effective
leader will let the member continue rather than cut off the member and appear inpolite.
a. True
b. False
A leader can use his or her voice to
a. energize group members.
b. put members at ease.
c. pace the group.
d. all of the available choices.
What are the pros and cons of using group time to work on the issues between mutually
hostile members?
Why is it important to attend to the therapeutic forces influencing the group?
What points might a counselor argue in order to convince a supervisor that screening
members would be helpful to the success of a group?
When group members are paired and directed to discuss something of interest, the
group leader is using a _____________ to generate energy and draw members out.
Why is being aware of the time, and making members aware of the time, important
when conducting and processing exercises?
Choose two theories and explain how they are similar to and different from one another.
How does the setting where a group meets help or hinder group dynamics?
A leader effectively using his or her ________________ may influence the tone,
energy, and pace of the group.
During the middle or working stage of a personal growth or counseling group, the
leader will want to be aware of the level of ______________ members are feeling as
more personal information is shared.
Discuss the goals of processing an exercise.
When might using dyads be more advantageous than using rounds?
If the leader believes the purpose of the group needs to change, what should he or she
do to make the change?
A high level of energy, including holding the focus, presenting interesting topics, and
skill development are especially important when leading groups of
The leader may choose to select who will pair together in a dyad to facilitate the
process or because he has a particular ______________ in mind.
Not allowing members to have enough input in the group is an example of the mistake
of ____________________.
The skilled leader in a therapy group understands the value of working toward
_____________________ the focus so members can work on personal issues.

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