Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

SED EM 57534

July 4, 2017
Mentally determining the best solution, the supervisor weighs the many options
available to the teacher. Step Four would be called the following:
a. Problem Solving
b. Standardizing
c. Directing
d. Encouraging
Empowerment evaluations should not replace program evaluation by external
evaluators because this complements the
a. traditional evaluation.
b. rich data to outside evaluators.
c. self evaluations by external evaluators
d. all of the above
One difficulty that may occur in collaborative supervision is the teacher's mistrust of the
supervisor's intentions. Teachers may say that this is the supervisor once again telling us
what to do. What are some ways that the supervisor may deal with this difficulty?
a. Confront the issue
b. Ask the teacher whether or not this is his or her opinion
c. Directly move forward with the plan
d. All of these
Factors regarding teacher development influence the function of effective supervision.
Which are crucial considerations?
a. Collective global consciousness for continuous school improvement
b. Fostering student's level of reflection, reasoning, and decision-making
c. Innovative and researched based instructional behaviors
d. All of above
Research has indicated that isolation and individualism has been observed through the
work environment. Which of the following describes this research?
a. Open classrooms represented areas in which teachers could view individual methods
of teaching.
b. Teachers work in spatial isolation where they work in different places at the same
time; however, they do not observe each other.
c. When a teacher is almost exclusively with children, they are psychologically alone.
d. Teachers share methods in their classroom with others during their planning times.
Supervisors use reflective inquiry in his/her use of directive control informational
behaviors. Key factors that influence the supervisor's decision-making include which of
the following:
a. What type of technical language do I use with the teacher or the overall environment?
b. What type of choice for alternative actions do I give to my teachers?
c. Have I considered the unanticipated consequences in using this approach?
d. Is this directive informational approach working well with the teacher or do I need to
consider other approaches?
e. All of these
In the curriculum meeting, the supervisor was faced with an issue and asked the
representatives to formulate different approaches to formulate an action plan. Which
type of supervisory behavior was evident?
a. Encouraging
b. Listening
c. Problem Solving
d. Negotiating
Supporting beginning teachers includes
a. the mentoring by an experienced teachers
b. observing and discussing the beginning teacher's instructional strategies
c. being evaluated by an administrator
d. socializing new teachers into shared leadership
In Step Two, the supervisor enables the teacher to give his/her feedback regarding the
problem. Name the supervisory behavior that was employed in the Step Two.
a. Encouraging
b. Clarifying
c. Reinforcing
d. All of these
Cultural beliefs, cultural artifacts, and deeply ingrained values may influence educator's
beliefs. How do educators reflect on these beliefs?
a. Value your own personal beliefs as a teacher
b. Examine their own actions and beliefs
c. Determine the underlying assumptions for their beliefs
d. Use instruction that promotes your dominant position
Supervisor may use directive control when a teacher or group
a. is highly functioning in development levels
b. is not committed to resolving an issue
c. is accountable for the decision
d. All of these
Which of the following is included in postmodernism?
a. Antireductionism
b. Antiessentialism
c. Antirealism
d. All of the above
In teaching Eurocentric, middle-class curriculum may cause clashes with diverse
cultures because this emphasis does which of the following?
a. Explains why cultures exist in society
b. Emphasizes ways to deal with different cultures
c. Presents curriculum that is funded to support the main culture
d. All of the above
Haefele (1993) discussed reliable instruments, where the data can be found in which of
the following?
a. Teacher clarification
b. Supporting evidence in explanation
c. Personal statement
d. All of these
SuperVision requires that there is a
a. worldview, conventional paradigm, which maintains clear expectations on teachers'
b. conventional, congenial, and collegial paradigm seen in schools.
c. paradigm shift toward the collegial model.
d. paradigm shift away from supervision from the past.
The principles in operating shared governance for instructional improvement is which
of the following?
a. One person, one vote
b. Limit decisions to specific sections of Schoolwide instruction
c. Authentic feedback requires large groups
d. All of the above
The one essential dimension of successful schools is
a. improved resources.
b. professional dialogue.
c. rich curriculum.
d. highly qualified teachers.
Which of the following applies to the stages of UbD?
a. Develop learning plan
b. Determine evidence
c. Identify desired results
d. All of these
The Rand Corporation (Weaver, Hostrop, Wilhelm) developed the Delphi Technique to
forecast trends, which may be used for the needs assessment. The supervisor uses which
of the following steps in this analysis:
a. Participants rank the frequency of ratings from the group.
b. Participants review individual comments.
c. Participants prepare a synthesis of various ideas.
d. Participants tally ideas until priorities emerge.
Gordon and Boom (2012) characterizes a strong democracy through which of the
following elements?
a. Internalization
b. Integration
c. Inclusion
d. Moral and Communal
The supervisor can reach conclusions regarding self perception through the following
a. Analyzing the professional characteristics
b. Analyzing the skills that are used in communication
c. Analyzing the individual assistance that is given to the teacher
d. Analyzing school wide strategies
Moral purpose, as the foundation for supervision, requires the following premise that
a. all stakeholders in schools are equal.
b. schools promote a democratic approach for all.
c. values, mission, and goals are stated according to standards.
d. all of the above
Which of the following is a question type that would be found in an open-ended
a. What are topics that were outlined in the presentation?
b. How would you analyze the given results from the achievement tests?
c. What changes do you believe would improve the reading curriculum?
d. What do you think about the current reading curriculum?
Relevant job-embedded professional development enables teachers to build
collaboration and collegiality in the district. Which of the following would be
considered job embedded professional development?
a. Teaching critical thinking skills
b. Instructing teaching assistants to support children who have special needs
c. Administering the resources that are needed in program planning
d. All of the above
Chaos theory states that the
a. traditional plans are important to school systems.
b. schools are not simple cause and effect relationships.
c. complex schools work better on predictable events.
d. all of above
A successful schools is a "cause beyond oneself." Which are the following
characteristics for this school?
a. Working with each other to educate students
b. Having a shared belief and core values
c. Connecting to the larger community
d. All of these
"Let's both think about possible solutions to this issue." The supervisor and teacher are
able to work collaboratively in the process of
a. clarifying
b. problem solving
c. listening
d. all of these
Atkinson (2002) summarizes the characteristics of postmodernism in the following
a. Irreverence for traditions of philosophy and morality
b. Acceptance of complexity
c. Acknowledgement of subjectivity
d. Rejection of fixed notions of reality
Which of the following criticism has been directed towards nondirective supervision?
a. Supervisors abdicate their responsibility.
b. Laissez-faire supervision is seen throughout the school.
c. Minimal supervision in the instructional process is demonstrated.
d. All of the above
The progression of predetermined knowledge and facts are skills that are outlined in
behavioral-objective format. Which is the appropriate sequence for this progression?
a. Evaluation " activity " objective
b. Activity " objective " evaluation
c. Objective " activity " evaluation
d. All of these
Data sources are important for the administrator to gather information and to use
properly in evaluation. Which of the following is not true about data collection?
a. Data sources are persons, places, events and processes needed for this process.
b. Data gathering methods are ways to collect data from sources.
c. Data examples may include testing, observations, and content analysis.
d. Data collection requires only one, accurate, and reliable method for the process.
Researchers advocate that change must occur to meet the needs of schools in the
following ways:
a. Consider alternative theories for change.
b. Move from the present structure.
c. Develop better ways to think about, dealing with unpredictable processes.
d. All of these
Which of the following statements are accurate in understanding qualitative
a. The recording instrument is considered a measurement tool.
b. The collection within the instrument gives the interpretation.
c. The recording of the events fits in a specific category of information.
d. All of above
The supervisor presented the expected criteria and the time frame for the
implementation of the new literacy strategy to be used by all the first grade class
teachers. Which of the supervisory behavior was used?
a. Directing
b. Problem Solving
c. Reinforcing
d. Standardizing
Johnson (2010) discusses that teaching is a moral activity where the teachers select
objectives that will change the behaviors of students in order to achieve a "desirable
educational ends." What is the element(s) of this process? .
a. Curriculum decisions have been made through the standardization of procedures at
the district or state level.
b. Appropriate curriculum decisions have been made at the closest level of the students.
c. Informed decision-making is made through research, people in schools, districts, and
local communities.
d. All of the above