Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

SED DS 92247

July 4, 2017
Which of the following example(s) in schools are similar to fractals in nature?
a. Schoolwide staff development data
b. Department meeting
c. Classroom lesson
d. All of the above
According to Drago-Severson's (2004-2007) approach, principals as professional
development leaders should employ the following pillar practices for educators:
a. Mentoring
b. Empowering teacher leaders
c. Collegial partnering or teaming
d. All of the these
Research suggested that education change theory have the following components:
a. Capacity
b. Individuality
c. Leadership
d. Outcome
Adults, like students, have different experiences and learning styles. Which of the
following examples may be incorporated in professional development?
a. Sharing research on the bullying mandates from federal government
b. Observing cooperative groups that are being done at the middle school
c. Learning how to use digital recording for technology
d. Attending Character Counts and reporting on the community building of students
Grainer (1967) stated that directive informational behaviors revolve around what
a. Expertise
b. Confidence
c. Credibility
d. Limited Choice
Which would be included in a flow chart?
a. Sporadic comments
b. Tracking of student actions
c. Response from adult (principal, student, teacher)
d. Only b and c
What are the following considerations in establishing peer coaching program for the
a. Purpose
b. Preparation
c. Scheduling
d. All of the above
The steering committees involving the phases for the overall evaluation should agree on
the following:
a. Evaluation areas
b. Phases of the evaluation
c. Forecast outcomes
d. All of the above
Valenzuela (1999) states that subtractive schooling contributes to the stereotypes,
misunderstanding of cultural norms, student behaviors, and other deficits model. Which
of the following represents subtractive schooling?
a. Goal of schools is to transition English as a second language students to
English-speaking rather than bilingual students.
b. Separating low-socioeconomic and racial/ethnic minority groups into separate tracks
or ability groups
c. Separating by tracking or grouping does not establish peer relationships or social
d. All of the above
Which of the following were the results of Ponticell's (1995) research on site based
a. Improvement of individual teacher's instructional goals
b. Alignment to the national standards
c. Enhanced collegiality
d. All of the above
Networking can be
a. regional, national , or international.
b. flexible and adaptable to changing environment
c. focused on a subject or professional development topic
d. all of these
Generating possible solutions is critical to problem solving. The supervisor may
encourage this process through which of the following questioning techniques?
a. Which action may assist?
b. What are your perceptions about this situation?
c. How can we address this situation?
d. All of the above
Marsick and Watkins (1990, 2001) examined learning in the workplace, other than a
structured system that is prescribed by the company. Which of the following applies to
this research?
a. Systematic framework
b. Examination of workplace etiquette
c. Self-directed learning
d. Incidental learning
Researchers on adult and teacher development offer guidelines for determining a
supervisory approach. Which of the following may be included?
a. Supervisor's preference
b. Supervisor's expertise
c. Supervisor's choice of approach based upon situation
d. Supervisor providing initial choice to teachers
When the supervisor asks the teacher to set a time and criteria for action, he/she may
use the following questioning techniques?
a. How will you know it's working?
b. What will be done first, next, last?
c. What would happen if you did. . .?
d. How would that benefit others?
Understanding different cultures requires reviewing the research on diverse groups.
Which of the following represents this research?
a. Valenzuela (1999) refers to educaacion, where the importance role that the family
plays in inculcating children with a sense of moral, social, and personal responsibility.
b. Delpit (2006) discusses how a White teacher responded to the African American
student; the teacher "taught down" to her.
c. Garcia and Dominguez (1997) discussed how lower-socioeconomic and racial/ethnic
minority student behaviors cope with how they are treated.
d. All of these
Which of the following supervisory approaches are appropriate to use in conducting
action research in schools?
a. Directive
b. Collaborative
c. Nondirective
d. All of the above
The supervisor uses paraphrasing when
a. he/she is uncertain of what the teacher is saying.
b. the teacher has come to a halt in his/her thinking.
c. you would want the teacher to affirm or reject the statement.
d. all of the above.
Research emphasized the importance of support with assertiveness for student success.
Which of the following research supports this premise?
a. Howard (2002) " Students are held accountable for meeting expectations of respect
and dignity.
b. Brown (2004) " Teacher avoid power struggles and provide students with an "escape
route" so they are not embarrassed in front of peers.
c. Ladson-Billings (1995) " Students were not permitted to choose failure in their
d. All of these
How does the supervisor determine whether the solution was acceptable to the teacher,
group, or the supervisor?
a. Review the process of collaboration
b. Gather feedback from all stakeholders
c. Understand conflict
d. Monitor results
Districtwide professional development provides support and assistance to the beginning
teacher in a district. What are the key elements in creating effective mentors?
a. Training in coaching, which includes conferencing and observation skills
b. Personal goals of the mentor
c. Adult development
d. Organizational goal setting and planning
Teachers as adult learners have to be individualized to meet the needs of the following:
a. Novice teachers
b. Beginning teachers
c. Veteran teachers
d. All of the above
What are the elements for building partnership in professional development?
a. Mutual rights
b. Contributions
c. Benefits
d. All of the above
Which are the following teacher roles are characteristics of the One-Room
a. Teachers were responsible for the total instruction of all students.
b. Teachers maintained the classroom and the building.
c. Principals were in charge of the curriculum.
d. All of the above.
In Phase One of the developmental supervision process, the supervisor needs to assess
the teachers' levels of expertise and commitment. How is this done?
a. Review teacher evaluation.
b. Discuss the concepts with the department heads.
c. Observe the teachers working in classroom.
d. Discuss pedagogy and instruction with the teacher.
Ponticell (1995) discussed the importance of collegial learning and support in a site
based professional development opportunity. What were some of the aspects of this
a. Identification of an instructional concern by teachers
b. Systematic review of research, emphasizing the anticipated teacher behaviors
c. Videotaping the implementation of improvement strategy
d. Peer coaching and observations of the teachers
Which of the following functions may be found in summative and formative
a. Purpose, Scope
b. Focus, Duration
c. Concerns, multiple evaluators
d. All of above
Evaluation questions for specific tasks need to be constructed within this process.
Which of the following questions would be appropriate for implementation?
a. How is this objective being used in the classroom?
b. In what ways have you organized these goals for communication with the district?
c. How has this affected change in the student's reading ability?
d. All of the above
In the final phases of the action research, implementing the action plan and evaluating
effectiveness is essential to know whether there has been an improvement of
instruction. This action plan would result in the
a. continuation of the research.
b. development of a new set of action.
c. revision of further implementation in specific areas.
d. all of the above.
The task force makes recommendation regarding the decision-making procedures.
Which of the following would be included in this report?
a. Goals and objectives
b. Action plan
c. Evaluation
d. All of the above
What are the differences between school culture and shared technical culture?
a. Little state of the art
b. Individualistic instructional practices
c. Learning from experience
d. Lack of dialogue
Mission, values, and goals become the foundation for
a. a covenant of learning.
b. action research in the schools.
c. stakeholders to work together on decisions in the school.
d. all successful schools.
The supervisory approaches used in SuperVision are as follows:
a. Directive control
b. Directive informational
c. Collaborative
d. Nondirective
Recommendations for improving school's overall instructional program should be
related to
a. study's results
b. conclusion
c. specific areas (such as school governance, curriculum etc.)
d. all of the above