SED DS 20221

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
According to the authors, member silence may indicate all of the following EXCEPT
that the member
a. has great trust in the other group members
b. is more comfortable listening than speaking.
c. needs more time than others to think about what was just said.
d. has a lot of things on her mind that are taking place outside of group.
The authors approach to group leadership suggests that how members end up feeling
about each other in the group is much more important and any outcomes in terms of
changes in their daily lives.
a. True
b. False
Movement exercises might NOT be recommended for _____________________.
a. Teens
b. Adults
c. Children
d. The elderly
Group Types:
A. Clients with addictions
B. Adolescents
D. Children
E. Clients with disabilities
F. Couples
G. Divorced clients
H. Older clients
I. Survivors of sexual abuse
This population is frequently preoccupied with past events and like to tell stories. For
this group of people storytelling may be helpful and make them feel good about
Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the authors with regard to clarity of
purpose in a group?
a. It guides group member behavior
b. It determines how a session is planned and conducted
c. It affects the leader's choice of topics, membership, and role
d. It is the most significant factor that affects the outcome of a group
In the first and second session of a new group, the leader should let one member
dominate for a longer period of time so the leader can spend time getting familiar with
the emerging group dynamics.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is TRUE with regard to conducting intensive therapy groups?
a. The leader should direct much of the counseling and therapy in group
b. The leader should have strong individual counseling skills
c. Both of the choices are true
d. Neither of the choices is true
In most groups, group rules should be gone over very early in the first session, then at
the beginning of each subsequent session to insure compliance.
a. True
b. False
In the beginning phase of a support group, members rarely feel uncomfortable or
anxious because they realize they are all there for the same purpose of getting support
from each other and the leader.
a. True
b. False
According to the authors, the single most important therapeutic force of a group is the:
a. leader's attitude.
b. clarity of purpose.
c. adequacy of the setting.
d. level of trust among members.
Sometimes when a member plays "get-the-leader", it is because of a mistake that the
leader has made in his or her leadership of the group.
a. True
b. False
In order for co-leading to be successful, the authors state that co-leaders must
a. like each other.
b. work as a team.
c. be secure in their position in the group.
d. all of the choices
Rounds can be used to
a. summarize a session.
b. locate energy in a group.
c. deepen the intensity of a session.
d. do all of the available choices.
According to the authors, which of the following statements is FALSE with regard to
leading groups comprised of members from different cultures?
a. Leaders must give thought to the individual needs of members in the group.
b. People from different cultures may have different ways of being in the group.
c. Confusion created by misunderstandings of cultural differences should be clarified.
d. Tension due to cultural differences should be ignored in favor of sticking to the
purpose of the group.
Dyads can be an excellent way to change the format of a group.
a. True
b. False
Available choices:
A. counseling/therapy
B. discussion
C. education
D. growth/experiential
E. self-help
F. support
G. task
Group meetings are led by a different member each week, although the counselor
periodically drops in to check the progress of the group and to provide structure or
redirection when needed.
According to the authors, when a member says something inaccurate in group, the
leader should
a. cut the member off immediately, then give correct information.
b. allow the member to finish what she is saying, then give correct information.
c. mini-lecture to the group about the importance of having correct information.
d. speak to the member after group ends for the day to give correct information.
The first thing a leader should do when she realizes that a member is out to "get" her
during the session, is
a. shift the focus away from the power struggle between leader and member.
b. put the angry member on the spot about the situation in front of the group.
c. dismiss the member from the session and talk with him privately at another time.
d. allow other members to give the angry member negative feedback about his behavior
in group.
Groups using Reality Therapy would discuss which concepts below?
a. Parent, adult, child
b. Self-talk, feelings, behaviors
c. Wants, doing, evaluation, planning
d. Private logic, mistaken goals, guiding fictions
In a social skills group for children, the leader uses exercises and asks
thought-provoking questions about group dynamics, to help members learn skills to
improve peer relationships. Which leadership style is being utilized?
a. Group directed and interpersonal
b. Group directed and intrapersonal
c. Leader directed and interpersonal
d. Leader directed and intrapersonal
Inexperienced leaders can make the mistake of not holding the focus long enough on
any one topic that the discussion has impact.
a. True
b. False
A form of an "in-depth" stationary round is one in which each member asks a different
question of the working member, using the round format.
a. True
b. False
According to the authors, which of the following is the most important point to
remember with regard to legal issues?
a. Exercises should be used ethically
b. A leader must know the laws in his/her state regarding clients rights
c. The members must be protected harm at all costs
d. A group leader must demonstrate care for his/her members
In order to avoid interfering with the members developing their own individual styles
for communicating and problem solving, it is important for the group leader to refrain
from modeling behavior for the members while leading the group.
a. True
b. False
In which of the following situations would it NOT be appropriate for the leader to use
the technique of cutting off?
a. When a member is sharing information that could benefit other members
b. When a member's comments do not align with the purpose of the group
c. When the leader would like to shift the group's focus
d. When members are arguing
If there are group members who are not clear about the group's purpose, the authors
recommend each of the following EXCEPT
a. discussing the problem openly in group.
b. screening those members out of the group.
c. meeting with confused members separately.
d. reiterating the purpose whenever necessary.
When determining whether to hold the group's focus on a topic, group leaders should
a. the relevancy of the topic
b. members' level of interest in the topic
c. the length of time that has been spent on the topic
d. all of the available choices
It is often an excellent idea to use several rounds one after another to build members'
interest, especially if the leader has no other plan in mind.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is FALSE about the purpose of a group?
a. Each session must have a purpose
b. A group may have more than one purpose
c. The purpose of a group may change over time
d. When the leader is clear about the purpose, the members will also be
Which of the following tip is NOT suggested by the authors regarding minilectures?
a. Minilectures should be interesting
b. Minlectures should be relevant
c. Minilectures should last 15"20 minutes
d. Minilectures should consist of current, correct, objective information.
Two factors important to consider when determining when a group will meet, especially
in a school or residential setting, are frequency of meetings and ______________.
The key to leading most groups is deepening the focus to a level that is
____________________ and meaningful for most members.
A group leader who uses practices that are very different from ones generally accepted
by others in the field could be considered ____________________.
When setting up children's groups, because of short attention span and high energy
levels, the leader will want to give thought to the ______________ of the group.
What are the advantages of using dyads followed by comments to close a session?
The process of "tying together" comments made by members is a technique to facilitate
bonding called _____________.
Purpose refers to why the group is meeting and to the ____________________ and
____________________ of the group.
Why is it important for a group leader to assess the value of the group to its members
during the middle stages?
How is planning for a first session different than planning for a middle or closing
Asking a very thought-provoking question is one technique that can be used to
________________ the focus.
It is important to ensure that all members understand and follow instructions when
___________________ an exercise.
In order to maintain continuity from meeting to meeting, a leader may wish to start off
each session with _________________ reports from various members.
Groups can have more than one purpose as long as these purposes are
In what ways can Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy be taught to groups?
Leaders should not use the groups that they lead for their own therapy or ________
What are the pros and cons of using written exercises in groups?
Exercises designed to give members the opportunity to hear what others think of them,
such as strength bombardment, first impressions, or wishes are

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