SED CE 85627

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Authors
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
In the first two sessions of a group, it is important for the leader to let members with a
"negative" attitude take time to express their feelings so that the leader and other
members know their position as members of the group.
a. True
b. False
Choices:
A. Beginning/warm-up
B. Middle/working
C. Closing
Members are sharing information about what they will do differently next week.
A beginning leader who lacks cutting off or drawing out skills may spend too muchtime
_______________ the focus.
a. Holding
b. Shifting
c. Deepening
d. Establishing
Topics such as sex, marital problems, or fears often can be shared more easily in a dyad
(a pair) than in a large group.
a. True
b. False
Exercises used in the first session serve all of the following purposes EXCEPT?
a. Setting a positive tone for the group
b. Focusing in on the content of the group
c. Getting members acquainted with one another
d. Determining how successful the overall group is going to be
Choices:
A. Confidentiality
B. Dual relationships
C. Ethically using exercises
D. Informing members about the group
E. Leader qualification and preparation
F. Leader's role in making referrals
A counselor in private practice lives in a small town and sees members of his group in
many different places. One of the members joins the softball team that the leader plays
on.
If tensions arise in a group specifically because of cultural differences among members,
the leader may have to focus on these issues before dealing with specific purpose of the
group.
a. True
b. False
When introducing an exercise, leaders should clearly present the directions for all of the
following reasons EXCEPT to
a. force reluctant members to participate.
b. inform members of the purpose of the exercise.
c. ensure that members from different cultures understand.
d. prevent confusion about what members are supposed to do.
If the leader were planning a group for the unemployed, it would not be beneficial to
place college-educated individuals and high school dropouts in the same group because
their needs would differ.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following does NOT represent a mistake when conducting an exercise?
a. Giving complex directions all at once to members
b. Telling the members how much time they have left to discuss an issue
c. Making assumptions based on the leader's own frame of reference
d. Beginning a discussion about homework that members may not have read
Which of the following is NOT a therapy group technique suggested by the authors?
a. Use of lecture
b. Use of role-play
c. Use of creative techniques
d. Use of rounds
Closing formats:
A. Dyads
B. Leader summary
C. Member summary
D. Round
E. Written reaction
The leader wants to elicit brief comments from the members to hear from each one
before closing the session.
Which is FALSE about the use of theory in therapy groups?
a. A basic knowledge of theory will suffice when leading therapy groups
b. By using theory, non-working members may benefit from listening and watching
c. If members understand counseling theory, the leader can allow them to help others in
group
d. None of the available choices
When one member is leaving the group, the leader should do all of the following
EXCEPT
a. give the departing member feedback.
b. let other members provide encouragement.
c. spend half of the session saying good-bye.
d. have the member review his original goals and progress.
According to the authors of your textbook, no leader should lead counseling groups
without an in-depth knowledge of counseling theories.
a. True
b. False
Techniques:
A. creative use of members
B. guess the problem
C. movement round
D. indirectly working
E. role-play the member
F. spinning off
G. stationary round
The leader wants the working member to listen to himself, so she has the member sit in
his seat and repeat the same phrase to each group member.
All of the following are true about distracting members EXCEPT?
a. They are attention-seeking
b. They can get the group off task
c. They are always intentionally trying to distract the group
d. They should be talked to about their comments and then ignored
When leading couples groups, the leader must be aware that each partner may have a
different "agenda" in his or her willingness to be a member of the group.
a. True
b. False
Choices:
A. Beginning/warm-up
B. Middle/working
C. Closing
The leader conducts a round where members tell their name and share what they hope
to gain from the group.
Asking group members to finish a sentence completion form, make a list, or give
thought to a particular word the leader places for everyone to see are all examples of the
leader getting the group to focus.
a. True
b. False
Choices:
A. Beginning/warm-up
B. Middle/working
C. Closing
Members are focusing intensely on the group's purpose.
Which of the following is NOT true about the dynamics of sexual feelings between
members in a group?
a. Members may stop sharing in group because of sexual dynamics
b. The leader can control these dynamics during the group's meeting time
c. Members may become jealous, angry, or hurt as another member is sharing
d. Sexual feelings may occur anywhere and at any time during the life of the group
All of the following represent common mistakes made when leading therapy groups
EXCEPT
a. attempting to conduct therapy without a contract
b. placing emphasis on getting, holding, and deepening the group's focus
c. spending too much time on one person
d. focusing on an irrelevant topic
According to the authors, which of the following is FALSE about the focus on process
in a therapy group?
a. It should be the main purpose of a therapy group
b. It is essential in rebuilding trust between members
c. It can help the leader to reduce tension in the group
d. It can aid members in opening themselves up in the group
When drawing out a member, it is best to hold the focus on a quiet member until that
member speaks up in order to prevent the member from feeling that he or she let down
the group.
a. True
b. False
List of theories:
A. Adlerian Theory
B. Choice/Reality Therapy
C. Gestalt Theory
D. REBT
E. Transactional Analysis
In an Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOA) group, members begin to process about
their families of origin. The leader and other members help a member to make a
connection between her birth order and her behavior while growing up.
Which of the following is important to consider when planning the first session of a
group?
a. Having a dynamic opening
b. Explaining the process by which members were screened into the group
c. Discussing rules the group should follow
d. Planning to allow a great deal of time for members to discuss their own issues
The closing stage of an Education Group is likely to be filled with a great deal of
emotion that goes beyond the leader merely providing a summary of the material
covered.
a. True
b. False
When leading a task group, the leader will want to be aware of the kind of influence
members may have on one another as issues are discussed and decisions made.
a. True
b. False
During the closing phase of a group session, it is better for the leader NOT to highlight
or summarize points.
a. True
b. False
The member who sits in group with her arms crossed and does not contribute unless
forced to do so is
a. trying to get the leader
b. resistant
c. a distracter
d. prejudiced
Summarizing can be used as a technique in all of the following situations EXCEPT
a. introducing a new topic.
b. reviewing the previous session.
c. highlighting the most relevant points a member has made.
d. tightening the focus of the discussion that has had overlapping points.
When getting comments after an exercise, the leader must be prepared for a member
who chooses to _________________, either because the member feels uncomfortable
sharing, or because they have not yet formed a response.
According to the authors, cutting off can be used when a member's comments conflict
with the ________________ of the group.
When using an exercise that involves members having to rely upon one another for
their physical and/or emotional safety, the leader must be aware of the level of
______________ among the members.
A _________________ group does not admit new members once it has been
established.
It may be a mistake by the leader to immediately try to work with a member who begins
to cry before getting a ______________________.
During the ______________stage members share what they"ve learned and how they
have changed as a result of group membership.
The use of special skills, such as dealing with anger, handling confrontation, planning
carefully, and cutting off are especially important with ___________________ groups.
What helps the leader to determine whether silence during group is productive or
nonproductive?
If the directions are not _________________in the beginning of an activity, members
may interpret the exercise in many different ways, causing the leader to have difficulty
when attempting to process it effectively.
According to the authors, why is it a mistake to conduct individual counseling with one
member without involving other members?
Explain how a leader can use non-verbal signals to energize a group.
When introducing an exercise, a mistake leaders may make is to have the introduction
too long or ________________________.
Some examples of ____________________goals are: helping members to improve
their comfort level and level of openness in group.
Being a member of a group in which personal sharing occurs can create a sense of
cohesion that may lead to ____________ feelings as the group comes to an end.
The leader can "market" the idea that people can change their lives by using a lot of
excitement and ____________________.
Which skill, cutting off or drawing out, do you anticipate will be more difficult for you?
Why?
Why is it important to be aware of individual members in a therapy group?
How do education groups differ from counseling and therapy groups?

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