Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

SED CE 45621

July 4, 2017
External and internal support provides networking in change efforts. Which of the
following would contribute to this support?
a. Electronic informational retrieval and networking systems
b. Mentors, coaches, or evaluators
c. Regional conferences of networking schools
d. All of these
What ways can a district use a separate summative and formative evaluation system
with their faculty?
a. Use each system during different time periods in a school year.
b. Utilize different evaluators in each system.
c. Develop a set of clear and visible minimum performance expectations for all.
d. All of these.
Kurt Lewin (1967) analyzed the relationships with groups, which has become the basis
of group dynamics and action research. Social research is based upon
a. controlled experiments.
b. action research that analyze how action groups improve situations.
c. the success that has been achieved through the engagement of real activities.
d. All of the above.
The supervisor moves gradually from collaborative behaviors toward nondirective
behaviors after the following considerations:
a. Increasing expertise
b. Developing problem-solving capacity
c. Motivating
d. Sharing in decision making
Large-scale teacher-driven changes will not occur unless there is a
a. clear understanding of the government mandates
b. investment by the teachers.
c. orientation of the levels of teacher's understanding about the curriculum.
d. all of these.
The supervisor asks teachers to commit to a decision and to explore possible steps to
implementation. Which of the following supervisory behaviors were employed?
a. Problem Solving
b. Presenting
c. Reflecting
d. Encouraging
The supervisor praises the teacher thinking and sharing of examples that will identify
the components of the problem. Which behavior builds this trust and relationship
between them?
a. Encouraging
b. Presenting
c. Standardizing
d. Negotiating
The supervisor uses collaborative behaviors in
a. resolving a problem that is shared equally with the teacher.
b. establishing an agreement on the course of action.
c. stating the classroom instructional goal for the teacher.
d. naming the problem that the teacher needs to address in classroom management.
Teachers may demonstrate a lack of collaboration through
a. refusing to disclose their intentions
b. lacking trust that the supervisor will follow through on collaborative decisions
c. believing that the supervisor is telling me what to do
d. all of these
School-wide curriculum and instructional decisions would be improved if teachers
a. were involved in decisions about curriculum
b. followed the mandated curriculum
c. were mature, competent to deal with all learners
d. were expected to fulfill certification requirements
The sociocultural context of adult learning is an examination of which of the following
a. Gender
b. Race and Ethnicity
c. Society
d. Power
Which of the following supporting evidence reveals inadequate induction practices for
beginning teachers?
a. Assignment of low achieving groups of students
b. New teachers pay their dues by being assigned more duties and larger classes.
c. First year teachers are never sure what is expected of them as professionals
d. All of the above
Which of the following conditions have to be changed if improvement is to be made?
a. Overloading teachers to the extent that they are unable to develop relationships with
all stakeholders
b. Supporting teachers through low a priority of resources that prohibits quality
c. Protecting teachers from cultivating values of diversity and visioning
d. All of these
Addressing gender issues in schools requires the establishment of goals in schools.
Which of the following applies to this?
a. Treat boys and girls equally.
b. Address the needs of each gender.
c. Provide gender experiments on gender bias
d. Provide strategies inviting gender-neutral learning environment
Summative evaluation instruction has which of the following characteristics?
a. Measures uniformity measurement.
b. Developed externally.
c. Uses criteria for assess competency.
d. All of above.
Which of the following environmental difficulties experienced by novice teachers is
supported by research?
a. Between one-third and one-half of teachers drop out of the profession within their
first seven years of teaching.
b. Novice teachers develop a wide range of expertise for instruction.
c. Most qualified teachers remain in the profession.
d. All of the above
Scholars indicate that true leadership promotes the compatibility of democracy and
community. Which of the following researchers promotes this?
a. Scribner and colleagues (2007)
b. Sergiovanni (1999)
c. Dewey (1916)
d. All of these
Crucial to Step 3: Analysis and Interpretation, the supervisor considers the interpersonal
approach used during the post-conference. Which of the following approaches may be
a. Directive control
b. Directive informational or nondirective informational
c. Collaborative
d. All of the above
During the conference, the supervisor states the solution by stating the following: "If
parents say you do this, they would do . . ." Which supervisory behavior is used during
Step Five?
a. Problem Solving
b. Clarifying
c. Directing
d. All of these
Nondirective supervision is based on the assumption that teachers
a. know how to make instructional changes.
b. have ability to process alternatives.
c. can act on his/her own for what is best for the students.
d. all of the above.
What do teachers have in common in the peer coaching process?
a. Agree on goals
b. Volunteer their time.
c. Facilitate a leader's role.
d. All of the above.
Early research on adult learning ability and instructional supervision emphasized the
following intelligences. Which apply to this early research?
a. Triarchic theory of intelligence
b. Crystallized intelligence
c. Fluid intelligence
d. All of the these
The supervisor presents the check and ranking lists to the faculty. Which of the
following describe this?
a. Analyze the ideas that were perceived weak in a math area.
b. Show the frequency of numbers in the numerical listing.
c. Delineate the final totals to the faculty.
d. All of the above.
Professional development may be ineffective because of the following exclusions:
a. Weak leadership
b. Lack of assessment
c. Poor planning
d. Inadequate support for the program
Kirsch, Braun, Yamamoto, and Sum (2007) predicts a "perfect storm" in this nation's
increasing diversity. What descriptors influence this perfect storm?
a. Wide gap in skills among different groups
b. Changes in the economy
c. Globalization
d. All of these
Specific types of data in a tailored observation system include which of the following?
a. Type of teacher feedback
b. Accurate responses by students
c. Frequency of calling on students
d. Encouraging or prompting teacher responses
What role(s)s and behavior(s) disrupt the process to formulate goals and cohesiveness?
a. Special-interest pleader tries to express feelings of in-adequacy or personal
b. Playboy or playgirl lacks interest and involvement.
c. Blocker expresses the dissatisfaction with the progress that is being made.
d. All of the above
The supervisor demonstrates a range of nondirective behaviors when he/she wants to
understand the teacher's perceptions. Which of these cues used by the supervisors?
a. Eye contact
b. Paraphrasing
c. Asking questions
d. Allowing teacher to continue talking
How does effective leadership spread throughout the organization?
a. Building distributive leadership
b. Building teacher leaders in action research, study groups, and other teams for
instruction improvement
c. Strong administrative oversight on the quality of involvement
d. All of the above
Leaders need to facilitate instructional improvement through building a knowledge
base, which may be defined in the following way:
a. Adult and teacher development
b. Understanding the norms for teacher behaviors
c. Forecasting the ideals for teachers and schools
d. All of the above.