SED AP 87212

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
A common mistake is planning warm-up or introductory activities that last too long.
a. True
b. False
A group leader can best help members get to know one another by
a. using rounds and dyads.
b. asking members to wear nametags.
c. calling roll before beginning the first group.
d. putting placards in the seats of members so they will know where to sit.
Which of the following is TRUE of impact therapy?
a. Impact therapy is theory-driven and creative
b. Impact therapy focuses only on verbal exchanges
c. Impact therapy is an abstract and emotional approach
d. Impact therapy posits that the leader should be passive
A leader should always participate in the exercises he or she is conducting so that the
members don"t feel the leader is above them or holding out on them.
a. True
b. False
By establishing a contract with a group member, that member agrees to be the focus of
the group's attention.
a. True
b. False
It is never a good idea to stop an exercise, even if the members are bored or confused
about the purpose.
a. True
b. False
During the middle stage of a group, it is a poor idea for a leader to change his or her
style, even if the group is not going well.
a. True
b. False
When two members are arguing about an issue, there are occasions when it is best for
the leader to cut off the argument and move on rather than spend time processing the
a. True
b. False
Skills used during the middle stages of a group;
A. Changing leadership style
B. Changing group structure
C. Introducing new topics
D. Using outside assignments
E. Using progress reports
F. Using voice
G. Varying the format
While the group has discussed many interesting topics, it seems that some members
have been getting restless. The group leader proposes that they try more exercises to
serve the purpose of the group instead of just talking about issues.
When conducting rounds, it is a good practice to vary the starting point of the round so
that different members get to speak first and last.
a. True
b. False
Planning a group session involves
a. deciding on topics
b. deciding on group activities.
c. delegating an approximate amount of time for each activity.
d. all of the available choices.
A. Cutting-off
B. Clarifying
C. Drawing-out
D. Encouraging
E. Linking
F. Reflecting
One member is always the first to speak. She is often long-winded, and the leader wants
to give others a chance to comment.
Which of the following represents a mistake in the closing stage of a group?
a. Ending the group abruptly because time has run out
b. Conducting a round to determine what members will remember from group
c. Having members comment to the person next to them
d. Asking members what they will do differently in the next week
Which of the following is TRUE with regard to the length of time that should be
allowed for a dyad?
a. Dyads can last anywhere from 2 to 10 minutes
b. Leaders should tell members in advance how long a dyad will last
c. Both choices are true
d. Neither choice is true
The authors use which terms to refer to the attitudes and interaction of group members
and leaders?
a. Group cohesion and group think
b. Group processes and group dynamics
c. Group unity and group structure
d. Group development and group interface
In a support group, when members do not trust one another
a. the leader should insist that they do trust each other if they are to stay
b. the leader usually tells her own story of suffering to encourage others to share
c. the group is not effective
d. non-trusting members are asked to leave the group
To facilitate the pairing of members in dyads
a. members can choose with whom they will work.
b. the leader can choose who will pair together.
c. members can pair with the person next to them.
d. all of the available choices.
In the beginning stage of a voluntary therapy group, it is not uncommon for members to
a. Take the first session or two to feel comfortable in the group
b. Bring photographs of significant persons in their lives to show
c. Refuse to talk until the leader tells her life story
d. Open themselves up immediately to other group members
Although a "chronic talker" in a group may on occasion be disruptive, it is useful to
allow this member to play in important role during the first couple of sessions so that
the leader can get her bearings and figure out the group dynamics.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is FALSE regarding Gestalt Therapy?
a. It relies heavily upon therapist interpretation
b. It is an existential approach
c. It is focused upon the unfinished business' of clients
d. It recognizes that clients tend to compartmentalize their lives
A "1 to 10" scale is sometimes a helpful technique to determine the level of comfort of
the group members.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following questions would NOT help a leader to determine whether a
member is a chronic talker?
a. How long has the member been talking?
b. Is the member preventing others from talking?
c. Does the talkative member like being in the group?
d. Are the members comments aligned with the purpose of the group?
Choices of names of exercises:
A. Arts and crafts
B. Common reading
C. Creative props
D. Experiential
E. Fantasy
F. Moral dilemma
G. Movement
H. Touching
The leader directs members to imagine themselves as a common object in the room and
asks what life would be like if they were that object.
Which of the following is TRUE about member screening?
a. Screening should only be used prior to beginning the group
b. Any potential member can be helped to fit into the group over time
c. Screening should always be done, regardless of the type of group being led
d. It is okay to allow other professionals to screen potential members into the group
Phase of an exercise:
A. introducing
B. conducting
C. processing
Deciding whether to focus on one member or the entire group occurs at the beginning
of this phase of the exercise.
When a leader senses two members in a group are sexually attracted to one another, she
should bring this to the attention of the members and use group pressure to prevent a
romantic relationship from being established.
a. True
b. False
It is important for the beginning leader to adapt exercises to all of the following
a. needs of the group.
b. age level of members.
c. sophistication of the members.
d. cultural background of the leader.
A. Counseling
B. Discussion
C. Education
D. Growth
E. Self-help
F. Support
G. Task
Meetings of a weekly weight loss group for women focus on healthy weight loss
strategies. The group is facilitated by a different member each week. Common group
topics include: healthy food choices, the progress of group members, staying motivated,
and barriers to successful weight loss.
When a group member breaches confidentiality, the authors recommend that the leader
do which of the following FIRST?
a. Consult with a colleague
b. Ask the group for their thoughts
c. Talk to the member who breached confidentiality
d. Dismiss the member for violation of the group's rules
When beginning to process an exercise, it is often helpful to use a round so that the
leader can hear from most or all of the members to get a better sense of their reactions.
a. True
b. False
Closing formats:
A. Dyads
B. Leader summary
C. Member summary
D. Round
E. Written reaction
Time is running short and the session was powerful; each member has shared deeply.
The leader wants everyone to be able to process the session before closing but is also
mindful of the time.
A. Cutting-off
B. Clarifying
C. Drawing-out
D. Encouraging
E. Linking
F. Reflecting
A member in distress speaks vaguely and in circles about an incident that happened to
her. It is clear to the leader that other members are confused about her comments and
concerned about her. The leader uses this skill to help the group to better understand
what the member is trying to convey.
When a leader evaluates a session, she pays particular attention to
a. How closely she followed her plan?
b. When she deviated from her plan, did she have a good reason?
c. How closely did she come to meeting the needs of the members?
d. All of the available choices.
Which of the following are MOST LIKELY topics that adult children of alcoholics
would discuss?
a. Guilt and abandonment
b. Alienation and friends dying
c. Meeting new people and dating
d. Social skills building and shyness
Which of the following skills might NOT be helpful to use when noticing head nods
from members around the group?
a. Linking
b. Reflecting
c. Cutting-off
d. Drawing-out
The focus of a group counseling session must center upon a person, an activity, or a/an
In the closing phase of a personal growth, counseling or therapy group, it is often
important for the leader to have members share their _________________ with the
After the first session, the leader should assess the ____________________ of the
Exercises that focus on personal issues may elicit strong ________________ from
A leader who allows members to determine the content of the group themselves utilizes
a ________________________ directed approach.
During the ___________________stage, the leader attempts to get a sense of the
members' energy and interest levels.
Briefly discuss the relationship between the kind of group a leader is leading (eg: task,
education, support, therapy, etc.) and how long the leader may choose to hold the focus
either on a topic or a person.
In group counseling, to _____________ a comment is to restate it, conveying that you
understand the content and feeling the member is trying to express.
When starting a new group where there is personal sharing, it is important for the leader
to check the ____________________ level of the group.
Why is it imperative for leaders to assess and monitor members' interaction styles
during the first session of the group?
A round as an activity in the first session of a group can be used to help the leader
gather ______________________.
The leader can encourage members to think about goals and changes they might bring
about in their lives as projected into the future by using the ____________________
A leader focused primarily on the needs of individual members has a/an
________________________ leadership style.
Rounds should be used to get members focused and _______________, not just to fill
The ________________ chart can provide members a concrete way to visualize and
understand how superficial or intense group sharing has been.
A chronic talker who wants to impress the leader and other members and attempts to
show others what he knows, may be thought of as ________________.
If the leader is unclear about the group's purpose, how can he or she gain clarity?
According to the authors, the best group screening method is the ____________
"It's easier to avoid life's problems than to face them" is an example of a/an
____________________ belief that members can learn to dispute.

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