Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

SED AP 43564

July 4, 2017
During Step Four, the teacher shared the reasons for the lack of student engagement
with the supervisor, who mentally determines a plan to explain alternative solutions.
Name the supervisory behavior that is used in this example.
a. Directing
b. Problem Solving
c. Directing
d. All of these
What is the supervisory task that addresses diversity and builds communities?
a. Prerequisites
b. Function
c. Cultural
d. Technical
Fullan (2005) believes that engaging teachers' moral purpose is another pathway to
commitment. How does engagement happen?
a. Commitment to raise the bar in student performance
b. Close the gap in student achievement
c. Increased understanding of research on diverse groups
d. All of the above
Supervision interacts with instruction in the following areas:
a. School and teacher effectiveness
b. Beliefs on educational philosophy or platform
c. Propositions about supervisory belief and teacher development
d. All of these
In a democratic community, research supports which of the following reasons?
a. Students experience a higher level of learning and achievement in conventional
b. Charter schools work better and are more likely to improve.
c. Students are prepared to be informed and responsible citizens.
d. All of the above
Krupp (1987) suggests that staff development programs should be developed to assist in
these transition events. Which of the following events may be included?
a. Support networks within schools
b. Retirement seminars
c. Beginning teacher assistance programs
d. Career support for personal and professional networking
Strange attractors are
a. Random patterns that are simple
b. Complex and unpredictable patterns
c. Permanent patterns leading to school improvement
d. All of above
Francis Fuller (1969) delineated the stages of concern experienced by teachers. Which
of the following concerns were revealed?
a. Self adequacy stage " survival
b. Teaching tasks " instructional and student discipline
c. Teaching impact stage " students' learning and students' well being
d. All of the above
Conventional schools must examine inequity critically through
a. analysis of at risk situations within the school environment.
b. Review of the performance for all students, including racial and the ethnic minority
c. Investigation the curriculum design of curriculum, instructional materials, and
d. All of the above
The supervisor strives to understand the teacher's perception of any problem. For
example, students were disruptive in the large group assembly. Since the teacher was
the primary supervisor in that section of the auditorium, the supervisor wanted to
establish appropriate protocols to be used for students' behaviors. Which of the
following behaviors did the supervisor use?
a. Presenting
b. Reflecting
c. Listening
d. Encouraging
Empowerment as a moral principle involves members of the school community to do
which of the following?
a. Make decisions about matters that affect them
b. Changing assumptions, norms, roles and relationships that act as barriers toward
c. Researching what is best for the individual to pursue happiness.
d. All of these
John Luft created the Johari Window as a means to identify what individuals know and
do not know about their actions. What are the windowpanes within the Johari Window?
a. Public
b. Unknown
c. Blind
d. Private
Educators who support the heteronormative nature of schools ignore which of the
following groups?
a. Lesbian
b. Gay
c. Transgender
d. Bisexual
Summative evaluation is concerned with
a. the organizational performance.
b. the summary of performance over a specific time period.
c. ongoing and continuous improvement.
d. all of the above.
The supervisor may use the directive informational interpersonal approach
when there is
a. more responsibility on the teacher to make a decision.
b. joint responsibility shared by the supervisor and teacher.
c. direction to use alternatives by the teachers, teacher choice, and teacher/supervisor
state the expected outcome.
d. All of these
Verbatim, open-ended narrative, focused questionnaire observation, and educational
criticism are examples of
a. quantitative observations
b. qualitative observations
c. summary observations
d. all of above
Haefele (1993), Danielson and McGreal (2000) discusses the importance of evaluation
instruments that have the following elements:
a. High and Low inference indicators
b. Valid criteria for performance
c. Reliable instruments
d. All of the above
How would you describe chaotic system?
a. It is a linear system, which has simple cause-effect relationships.
b. It is analogous to a line of dominoes.
c. Nonlinear system is analogous to bowling.
d. All of above
Systematic classroom observations is defined as
a. gathering quantitative data.
b. acquiring qualitative data.
c. unplanned visits for instruction.
d. using multiple instruments for assessment.
Learning standards and assessment, that have wide participation from all stakeholders,
can be effective ways of ensuring the equal opportunity for all diverse learners. What
are the key elements for this?
a. Who should define the standards?
b. What multiple ways of assessment for learning should be used?
c. What should be the consequences for students, teachers, and teachers?
d. What flexibility and authority should be given to classrooms in order to maintain
Summarizing approaches that are used incorporate levels towards multicultural
curriculum reform. Which of the following descriptions are accurate?
a. Social Action Approach is where the students take action to help solve a social issue.
b. Additive approach is where the themes or concepts are included into the curriculum
c. Transformational approach enables students to view concepts and themes from
perspectives from diverse ethnic and cultural groups.
d. All of the these
Research states that instructional effectiveness has the following components:
a. Action research
b. Professional development on instruction and classroom management
c. Ongoing curriculum development and direct assistance to teachers
d. All of above
When teacher or group asks for supervisor's suggestion, the supervisor should
a. remember that time is essential to the conversation.
b. give feedback at the beginning of the conference or meeting.
c. provide ongoing recommendations to the group.
d. refrain completely from giving one's own ideas.
The role of the supervisor in nondirective behaviors is to
a. assume responsibility for the final plan.
b. ensure that wise thinking is included in the decision-making.
c. assist the teacher to develop his or her action.
d. ensure that the teacher develop his/her thinking.
Olivia (2008) suggested that most curriculum is developed far away from the local
teacher and the school districts. What are the sources that were described in his
a. Commercial Publishers
b. Local school teachers
c. Central Office Specialists
d. Federal Government
The clinical supervision model was first created by the researcher,
a. Glickman
b. Cogan
c. Paven
d. All of the above
State policymakers lack the understanding reading regarding the reality of teaching
when legislation is mandated on what should be taught. Which of the following
statements does not show the policymakers' beliefs?
a. What gets taught (curriculum) has a strong impact on how it gets taught.
b. Teachers do not have to decide on curriculum because their professional expertise
will illuminate the objectives for the students.
c. Working in highly prescribed curriculum will increase the student's understanding of
the objectives in a standardized manner.
d. Curriculum if rigidly enforced has a significant impact on how teachers teach.
Which of the following areas represent the transition events in adult development?
a. Life events
b. Critical events
c. Marker Events
d. All of the above
State-mandated curriculum provides
a. a systematic approach to teaching for all public PK-12 levels.
b. the knowledge and skills that are essential for students to learn.
c. the required curriculum developed by the state legislation and educational.
d. all of the above.
Understanding the issue is an ongoing process that occurs throughout the problem
solving between supervisors and teachers. The supervisor uses a reflective behavior in
which of the following:
a. To understand the initial problem
b. To paraphrase understanding of the teacher's message
c. To restate the teacher's plan
d. All of the above
Alternative professional development formats are available and prove to be more
effective than a "one-shot" workshop. Which of the following are considered
a. Literacy Resource from Publishing Company
b. Teacher Centers
c. Reading Specialist Presentation
d. Collegial Support