Type
Quiz
Book Title
Consider Philosophy 1st Edition
ISBN 13
978-0205644223

PHIL 65207

August 21, 2017
According to Sartre, the only thing man did not choose was his own existence.
Answer:
Hume's ethics introduces the concept of Utility later employed in Utilitarianism.
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The Ancient Greeks believed change was superior to permanence.
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Both Leibniz and Wolf are Rationalist Compatibilists.
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According to Russell, the questions of philosophy are more important than the answers.
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A Hypothetical Imperative is only binding on those individuals included in the
consequent.
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Narratives are a way of keeping identity alive.
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Al-Ghazali advocated Occasionalism.
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Descartes sought certainty.
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An Appeal to Authority is always a fallacy.
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Leibniz advocated Parallelism.
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Skeptics claimed that one should never doubt.
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"Qualia" implies the qualitative content of emotions, sensation, and perceptions.
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The Problem of Evil has been used to disprove the existence of God.
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According to Rationalist Compatibilists, one must have the capacity to reason correctly
in order to have free will.
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According to Rorty, Descartes' view sent philosophy down "a 400 year long
cul-de-sac".
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Divine Right theory is still the most popular form of justification.
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Spinoza was an Empiricist.
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Schopenhauer was a soft determinist.
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"Existence precedes essence" is the credo of Existentialism.
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According to Predestination, God determines salvation based upon a person's life
choices.
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According to Kant, feelings are not distinctly human.
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Empiricists generally accept that reason yields truth in mathematics.
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According to Descartes, the mind is physical substance while the brain is mental
substance.
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According to Materialism, no distinct mind substance exists.
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"To give a reason that is irrelevant to the question at issue" is to commit the fallacy of
irrelevant reason.
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Hobbes and Locke are social contract theorists.
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According to Hume, ethics must be grounded in reason.
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Descartes argued for the theory of Mind-Body Dualism.
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Under Locke's version of the social contract, man gives over all independent power to
the monarch.
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_____is the view that there are ethical truths that we can recognize and know as soon as
we concentrate carefully upon them.
A. Virtue Ethics
B. Intuitionism
C. Realism
D. Existentialism
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_____relies upon a wager to prove the existence of God.
A. Pascal
B. Spinoza
C. Stace
D. Hume
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_____theorists hold the view that knowledge claims always occur as part of a larger
system.
A. Coherence
B. Correspondence
C. Evolution
D. Pragmatic
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According to Lock, the mind begins as a tabula rasa.
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_____attempted to ground political obligations in the rules of fair play.
A. Horton
B. Hart
C. Hobbes
D. Habermas
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_____'s Razor states "entities are not to be multiplied beyond necessity."
A. Pascal
B. Ockham
C. Anselm
D. Plato
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According the Dual-Aspect theory, humans are ____.
A. Physical
B. Mental
C. Both A and B
D. None of the Above
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The ___ argued that atoms within humans could swerve.
A. Epicureans
B. Atomists
C. Determinists
D. Neutronists
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According to the theory of ____, no distinct mind substance exists.
A. Parallelism
B. Idealism
C. Materialism
D. Occasionalism
Answer:
Advocates of artificial intelligence would prefer the theory of ____.
A. Functionalism
B. Epiphenomenalism
C. Parallelism
D. Occasionalism
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According to ____, if a theory works, then it is true.
A. Epistemology
B. Pragmatism
C. Philosophy
D. The Vienna Circle
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_____relayed the Allegory of the Cave.
A. Hume
B. Plato
C. Wittgenstein
D. Descartes
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The "I" may be defined by _____.
A. Body
B. Soul
C. Memory
D. All of the Above
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The Categorical Imperative states: Act as if the maxim of your action were by your will
to become a _____.
A. Universal law
B. Hypothetical law
C. Conditional law
D. National law
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Both Hume and Goodman recognized the Problem of ____.
A. Rationalism
B. Empiricism
C. Deduction
D. Induction
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Which philosopher was not a Rationalist Compatibilist?
A. Leibniz
B. Malebranche
C. Frankfurt
D. Wolf
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Two major regulators, according to the Utilitarians, are _____.
A. Pleasure and happiness
B. Pain and misery
C. Pleasure and pain
D. Ethics and morality
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____is the view that the events of life are destined.
A. Free Will
B. Determinism
C. Fatalism
D. Cubism
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"According to Wayne Gretzsky, Carmen is the most difficult opera to perform, therefore
it must be a very difficult opera" is an example of a/an ____fallacy.
A. Ad Hominem
B. Strawman
C. Appeal to Inappropriate Authority
D. Irrelevant Reason
Answer:
"All elephants are pink. Nellie is an elephant. Therefore, Nellie is pink" is an example
of a/an ___ argument.
A. Contingent
B. Deductive
C. Inductive
D. Sound
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The view that morality depends upon culture is called ___relativism.
A. Non-objective
B. Cultural
C. Moral
D. Sociological
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_____is the view that what appears to be ethical statements are really just imperatives.
A. Intuitionism
B. Nonobjectivism
C. Emotivism
D. Deontology
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____, like Descartes, believe knowledge must be grounded on an "indubitable axiom".
A. Pragmatists
B. Empiricists
C. Foundationalists
D. Anti-foundationalists
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The claim that everyone is fundamentally selfish describes ____egoism.
A. Cultural
B. Ethical
C. Psychological
D. Sociological
Answer:
The view that ethics is dependent on God's will is called ____.
A. Care ethics
B. Egoism
C. Theological volunteerism
D. Relativism
Answer:
The Argument from Queerness was presented by _____.
A. Ross
B. Mackie
C. Smith
D. Aristotle
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Academic and Pyrrhonian are two types of ____.
A. Skepticism
B. Knowledge
C. Episteme
D. Fireworks
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Philosophy literally means _____.
A. Love of Logic
B. Love of Wisdom
C. Love of Confusion
D. Love of Learning
Answer:
According to ____, we can stipulate a definition of identity, but not identify an actual
identity.
A. Hume
B. Locke
C. Mead
D. Peirce
Answer:
Which philosopher is an Hierarchical Compatibilist?
A. Spinoza
B. Dworkin
C. Leibniz
D. Hume
Answer:
Four of Aquinas' "Five Ways" are derived from the theories of _____.
A. Plato
B. Aristotle
C. Aquinas
D. Ockham
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According to ____, the "I" only comes into being in a social setting.
A. Hume
B. Locke
C. Mead
D. Peirce
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The ___ Revolution challenged the Helio-centric view of the universe.
A. Industrial
B. Copernican
C. Newtonian
D. Pyrrhonian
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Individuals who deny the legitimacy of all governmental powers are called ____.
A. Libertarians
B. Doctrinists
C. Contractarians
D. Anarchists
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According to Whitehead, "all philosophy is a footnote to Plato."
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Mill critiqued Bentham's version of Utilitarianism as being too Hedonistic.
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Stephen Jay Gould argued in favour of creationism.
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According to Kant, some truth about the world can be known by reason alone.
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The Argument from Queerness is derived from Ockham's Razor.
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Sellars follows in Peirce's tradition of Pragmatism.
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William James argues against the existence of free will
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Care Ethics is also known as Feminist Ethics.
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Edmund Burke developed a conservative view of government.
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De Valla attempts to reconcile God's foreknowledge with human free will.
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Moore claimed certainty is a matter of common sense.
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Role responsibility means to be responsible for managing one's own life.
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According to Dennett, a narrative account of personal identity is the grounds for the
meaning of life.
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Conscious thought plays an important role in the modern theory of Epiphenomenalism.
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