Book Title
Understanding Nutrition 13th Edition

NUTR 702 Midterm 1

September 28, 2014
1) Which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition and behavior in children?
a.Iron-deficient children respond better to liquid preparations of Fe+3 than to tablets of
b.Children who had iron-deficiency anemia as infants perform poorly even after iron
status improves
c.Iron supplements can reverse the symptoms and restore normal behavior in children
suffering from mild lead toxicity
d.The childs brain is not as responsive to iron as is the adult brain, which accounts for
the more severe effects of deprivation
2) The neural tube develops into the
a.umbilical cord
b.liver and pancreas
c.gastrointestinal tract
d.brain and spinal cord
3) Which of the following is a feature of the lipid content of foods?
a.Omega-3 fats are found in fish
b.Cholesterol is found in peanuts
c.Essential fatty acids are found in olestra
d.Low-density lipoproteins are found in coconut oil
4) How do competing influences undermine healthful food intake and food selection at
a.By discouraging participation in the USDA-sponsored school lunch program
b.By encouraging students to bring unhealthful lunches to school
c.By promoting short lunch periods and long waiting lines in the cafeteria
d.By offering cheaper but less nutritious meals to low-income students who qualify for
reduced-price school lunches
5) What are the substances resistin and adiponectin?
a.Glycolipids that regulate synthesis of lipoproteins
b.Intestinal cell hormones that regulate secretion of bile
c.Intestinal cell hormones that trigger secretion of pancreatic juice
d.Proteins secreted from fat cells that help regulate energy balance
6) What branch of the Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for
monitoring foodborne illness?
7) What is the name of the vitamin D-deficiency disease in adults?
8) Strategies to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease in people who drink include
limiting daily alcohol intake to
a.1 drink for both women and men
b.1 drink for women and 2 for men
c.2 drinks for both women and men
d.2 drinks for women and 4 for men
9) Why, in part, is weight loss more successful with exercise and also after bypass
a.Ghrelin levels are relatively low
b.Adiponectin levels are relatively high
c.PYY release from the hypothalamus is suppressed
d.Leptin release from subcutaneous fat stores is enhanced
10) What is the AMDR for protein?
11) What is a free radical?
a.An inactive vitamin
b.An unphosphorylated vitamin
c.A molecule of unbound cobalamins
d.A molecule with at least one unpaired electron
12) Which of the following properties do vitamins D and K share?
a.Both are synthesized in the body
b.Both are required for normal vision
c.Neither has an effect on bone metabolism
d.Neither has an effect on erythrocyte function
13) Your friend Mark is an avid organic food consumer. He believes that natural foods
are the only way to avoid the chemicals that farmers poison their crops with. You warn
Mark that not all natural foods are free from toxins; indeed, that many foods contain
naturally occurring toxic substances. The example you provide could be the solanine
commonly found in
14) A major cause of rancidity of lipids in foods is exposure to
a.heat and oxygen
b.fluorescent lighting
c.freezer temperatures
d.enrichment additives
15) What type of anemia results from iron deficiency?
c.Microcytic hypochromic
d.Macrocytic hyperchromic
16) What type of diet is advised to rehabilitate a severely malnourished child?
b.High protein
c.Liberal quantities of lactose-free powdered milk until growth rate is restored
d.High energy until normal body mass index is achieved, then moderate energy
17) A condition that increases the likelihood of iron deficiency in older people is
a.lack of intrinsic factor
b.loss of iron due to menopause
c.blood loss from yearly physical testing procedures
d.poor iron absorption due to reduced stomach acid secretion and/or use of antacids
18) The typical can of soft drink contains the equivalent of how many teaspoons of
19) What organ functions as the chief regulator of the bodys acid-base balance by
controlling the bicarbonate concentration?
20) Which of the following is a property of vitamin B12?
a.It is efficiently recycled by the body
b.It is necessary for protection from pinpoint hemorrhages
c.It requires attachment to fatty acids for transport in the circulation
d.It is absorbed from the stomach with the aid of a special binding protein
21) Which of the following foods represents a common source of acrylamide intake in
the United States?
a.Raw fruits
b.French fries
c.Raw vegetables
d.Grilled seafood
22) Which of the following is NOT among the most important organs of the immune
c.Lymph nodes
d.Thymus gland
23) What is the most important predictor of a persons mobility in the later years?
b.Alcohol use
c.Chronological age
d.Regular physical activity
24) What factor in breast milk binds iron and prevents it from supporting the growth of
the infants intestinal bacteria?
d.Bifidus factor
25) Among the following, which would be the least effective method to control blood
cholesterol levels?
a.Control body weight
b.Eat more insoluble fiber
c.Consume less saturated fat
d.Engage in physical activity
26) Which of the following is NOT a mechanism of absorption of nutrients by intestinal
cActive transport
d.Facilitated diffusion
27) Matching
1>Typical amount (in mL) of water lost from lungs every day
2>Recommended water intake (in mL) for infant expending 1,000 kcalories
3>Enzyme released by kidneys
4>Stimulates retention of sodium by kidneys
5>Stimulates retention of water by kidneys
6>A cation
7>An anion
8>Number of times more acidic a substance with pH of 4 is versus a substance with pH
of 2
9>Most prevalent major mineral in the body
10>Catalyst for ATP formation
11>Crystalline structure of bone
12>Hormone that helps regulate calcium balance
13>Percentage of dietary calcium absorbed by average adult
14>Recommended calcium intake (mg/day) for college-age students
15>Percentage of dietary calcium absorbed by newborn infants
16>Substance that inhibits absorption of calcium
17>Amount of calcium, in mg, in 2 cups of milk
18>The protein in milk is a good source of this mineral
19>Substance that enhances absorption of calcium
20>Mineral that accounts for the structure of many proteins
A.30 B.55 C.100 D.350 E.600 F.1000 G.1500 H.Renin I.Sulfur J.Calcium K.Vitamin D
L.Magnesium M.Phosphorous N.Oxalate O.Aldosterone P.Parathyroid hormone
Q.Hydroxyapatite R.Antidiuretic hormone S.Potassium in solution T.Phosphate in
28) Which of the following statements is representative of vitamin supplementation
a.Most people who take supplements consume a poor diet
b.Most people should take supplements daily because of the great difficulty in obtaining
the needed amounts from food
c.People who have low energy intakes or are pregnant are at risk for developing
deficiencies and may benefit from supplementation
d.People should take supplements daily because nutrition surveys in the U.S. and
Canada have detected deficiencies in some population groups
29) The purpose of bicarbonate in the digestive process is to
a.raise the pH of chyme
b.lower the pH of chyme
c.hydrolyze large peptides
d.provide a little fizz in your life
30) Keshan disease risk increases with a deficiency of
31) All of the following represent matches between a naturally occurring toxin and its
a.solanine in potatoes
b.goitrogens in cabbage
c.cyanogens in lima beans
d.acrylamides in tomatoes
32) Approximately what percentage of the bodys calcium is found in the blood?
33) A reasonable daily fiber intake for a 5 year old would be
a.2 g
b.5 g
c.25 g
d.45 g
34) Which of the following feeding practices is recommended for preterm infants?
a.They should be fed exclusively on breast milk
b.They should be fed on breast milk enriched in a 1 to 1 ratio with cows milk
c.They should be fed preterm breast milk, occasionally fortified with specific nutrients
d.They should be fed only on special formulas because the nutrient content of breast
milk is too low
35) All of the following statements are characteristics of lipid intake among U.S. adults
a.trans-fatty acid intake averages about 1 g per day
b.fat provides about 34% of total energy intake
c.cholesterol intake averages about 360 mg per day for men
d.saturated fat intake represents about onethird of total fat intake
36) What is the composition of a tripeptide?
a.One amino acid with three carbons
b.Three amino acids bonded together
c.One amino acid with three acid groups
d.Three small protein chains bonded together
37) If a persons body has a total of 5 grams of iron, how many grams would be found in
the hemoglobin?
38) The greatest success for the subject who has type II diabetes was
losing 50 pounds by the end of the year
jogging two miles in 20 minutes
going from two insulin injections per day to none
all of the above
39) Describe four common digestive problems and their recommended treatments or
40) If a person is performing physical labor at a very high level of intensity and/or for
very long periods of time, the person could
increase total kcalories
consume more fat than the average person
expend more calories than the average person
all of the above
41) For the implementation of a heart-healthy diet, present three recommendations for
each of the following components: breads, cereals, and pasta; fruits and vegetables;
milk products; fats and oils; and spices and seasonings.
42) One of the outcomes of the program for the subject with high blood cholesterol was
that he
was able to stay off of cholesterol-lowering medication
had to go back on cholesterol-lowering medication
showed significant reductions in HDL and increases in LDL
a and c

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