Linguistics Chapter 7 Preschool Building Literacy Language Multiple Choice The Ability Use

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Language Development From Theory to Practice 3rd Edition
Authors
Khara L. Pence Turnbull, Laura M. Justice
Test Bank
Chapter 7: Preschool Building Literacy on Language
Multiple Choice
1. The ability to use _______________________ is vital for success in school because concepts
and events outside the classroom are often the focus of instruction.
a. Grammatical constructions
b. Emergent literacy skills
c. Decontextualized language
d. Theory of mind
1. The correct progression in the development of theory of mind is:
a. Sensitivity to knowledge access, sensitivity to diverse desires, false belief, sarcasm,
hidden emotion, sensitivity to diverse beliefs
b. Sensitivity to diverse desires, sensitivity to diverse beliefs, sensitivity to knowledge
access, false belief, hidden emotion, sarcasm
c. Sensitivity to diverse beliefs, sensitivity to diverse desires, hidden emotion, false
belief, sarcasm, sensitivity to knowledge access
d. False belief, sarcasm, sensitivity to diverse desires, hidden knowledge, sensitivity to
diverse beliefs, sensitivity to knowledge access
2. The earliest period of learning about reading and writing is called:
a. Emergent literacy
b. Stage 1
c. Print awareness
d. Alphabetic knowledge
3. What is the contribution of oral language skills on the development of literacy?
a. Oral language and literacy are separate domains; there is no relationship
b. Oral language abilities minimally contribute to literacy development
c. Only the oral language domain of semantics is related to literacy development
d. Literacy abilities depend heavily on oral language skills developed early in life
4. ___________________________________ is the ability to view language as an object of
attention.
a. Executive function
b. Receptive language
c. Metalinguistics
d. Theory of mind
5. Which of the following is something ONLY a child with deep phonological awareness would
be able to do?
a. Segment words into their constituent phonemes
b. Produce rhymes
c. Detect beginning sound similarities among words
d. Combine syllable onsets with the remainder of the syllable to produce a word
6. During which age group are phonological processes suppressed the fastest?
a. Age 1-2 years
b. Age 2-3 years
c. Age 3-4 years
d. Age 4-5 years
7. _________________________________ are the prefixes and suffixes we add to a word to
change its meaning and sometimes its part of speech.
a. Allomorphic variations
b. Derivational morphemes
c. Copulas
d. Contractions
8. Which of the following is an example of a subordinating conjunction?
a. And
b. But
c. Or
d. Because
9. During ______________________________, children gradually refine their representations
of concepts over time and with multiple exposure to the target word in varying contexts.
a. Novel name-nameless category matching
b. Slow mapping
c. Syntactic bootstrapping
d. Fast mapping
10. Which discourse function is most prevalent at the preschool age?
a. Interpretive
b. Informative
c. Participatory
d. Logical
11. A ______________________________ is a spoken or written description of a real or
fictional event.
a. Conversation
b. Transcription
c. Story
d. Narrative
12. Differences in ______________________________ are most easy to spot when comparing
preschool boys and girls.
a. Language use
b. Language content
c. Syntax
d. Phonology
13. Which of the following is a measure of syntax that can be used in language sample analysis?
a. Total number of words (TNW)
b. Type-token ratio (TTR)
c. Communication function coding
d. Mean length of utterance (MLU)
14. Which of the following is an example of a comprehensive evaluation tool for language
development?
a. Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening PreK
b. Expressive Vocabulary Test 2
c. Preschool Language Scale 5
d. Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test 4
15. ____________________________ language samples are similar across multiple recording
contexts for the same child.
a. Reliable
b. Consistent
c. Valid
d. Effective
16. Heterogeneous grouping may have a(n) _________________________ effect on language
development for preschoolers with disabilities.
a. Facilitative
b. Neutral
c. Detrimental
d. Ambiguous
Essay
1. Compare and contrast contextualized and decontextualized language.
2. What features of conversations make them difficult for children with autism spectrum
disorder?
3. What is the difference between print awareness and phonological awareness?
4. Briefly describe the four hypotheses that characterize the order in which preschoolers learn
the names of letters in the alphabet.
5. What is the alphabetic principle?
6. What is the effect of an expressive reading style when it is used with preschoolers?
7. Give an example to demonstrate that preschoolers have difficulty with the reciprocity of
kinship terms.
8. What are the four categories of Grice’s Cooperative Principle?
9. What is ethnographic research?
10. What are three strategies that can be used to establish shared interests with a child when
gathering a language sample?
11. What is one challenge in assessing the language and early literacy skills of bilingual
children?
12. What are two types of grammaticality judgment tasks that can be used at the preschool age?
13. Discuss how having multiple siblings can affect the language of a preschool-aged child.
ANSWER KEY
Chapter 7: Preschool Building Literacy on Language
Multiple Choice

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