Book Title
Understanding Nutrition 14th Edition

HUN 186 Quiz 3

July 5, 2015
1)The body's ability to deal with stress
2)The capacity of the joints to move with less chance of injury
3)Increase in muscle size and strength
4)A precursor in the formation of a high-energy compound in muscle cells
5)Required for aerobic metabolism
6)A chief substance of the Cori cycle that is released by muscles
7)Depletion of this substance leads runners to experience "hitting the wall"
8)Recommended amount of carbohydrate as percentage of total energy intake of
endurance athletes
9)Substance in muscle that serves as a source of energy and water
10)Maximum number of minutes that high intensity activity can be supported by the
aerobic system
11)The U.S. average protein intake for males in grams
12)Transient condition of low blood hemoglobin in athletes
13)Early symptoms of this disorder include nausea and stumbling
14)Number of kcalories expended from evaporation of one liter of sweat
15)Early symptoms of this disorder include shivering and feeling cold
16)The replacement of fluids during physical activities
17)Recommended amount of water intake, in cups, for each pound of body weight lost
from physical activity
18)Stimulant used to enhance performance during exercise
19)Depressant that promotes fluid losses
20)Recommended carbohydrate intake, in g/kg body weight, of athletes in heavy
Which product has the highest percentage of its fat in polyunsaturated form?
a. Butter
b. Corn oil
c. Beef tallow
d. Coconut oil
e. Palm oil
Match the correct answer with the appropriate term.
a. 7
b. 16
c. 20
d. 40
e. 100
f. Fat
g. Water
h. Energy
i. Protein
j. Organic
k. Placebo
l. Inorganic
m. Validity
n. Hypothesis
o. Healthy People
p. National nutrition surveys
q. Anthropometrics
r. Overt deficiency
s. Physical examination
t. Subclinical deficiency
1>Nutrient with the highest body concentration
2>Substance containing no carbon or not pertaining to living things
3>Number of indispensable nutrients for human beings
4>Most substances containing carbon-hydrogen bonds
5>Substance containing nitrogen
6>Energy (kcal) required to increase temperature of 1 kg of water from 0° C to 100° C
7>Nutrient with the highest energy density
8>Energy (kcal) yield of five grams of sugar
9>Energy (kcal) yield of one gram of alcohol
10>Number of indispensable minerals for human beings
11>An unproven statement
12>An inert medication
13>Possessing the quality of being evidence based
14>The recommended intake is set at the population mean
15>Gather information about dietary, nutritional, and health status
16>Program that sets goals to increase the quality and years of healthy life
17>Measurement of physical characteristics
18>Inspection of skin, tongue, eyes, hair, and fingernails
19>A nutrient deficiency showing outward signs
20>A nutrient deficiency in the early stages
Which of the following is a characteristic of most fad diets?
a.They produce long-lasting results just like healthy diets.
b.They limit food choices, thereby reducing energy intake.
c.They are balanced and therefore do not require a dietary supplement.
d.Their success depends on the ratios of macronutrients more so than the total energy
e.They are typically as healthy as more traditional weight-loss diets.
Which statement characterizes the lipase enzymes?
a. Gastric lipase plays a significant role in fat digestion in adults
b. Intestinal mucosal lipase is responsible for most dietary fat digestion
c. Salivary gland lipase (lingual lipase) plays an active role in fat digestion in infants
d. Pancreatic lipase hydrolyzes most dietary triglycerides completely to glycerol and
free fatty acids
e. Pancreatic lipase forms emulsified fats from monoglycerides
Which source of lipids should be substituted for saturated fats to help lower blood
cholesterol levels?
a. Butter
b. Canola oil
c. Coconut oil
d. Stick margarine
e. Shortening
A desirable HDL cholesterol is
a. 20-30 mg/dl.
b. 30-40 mg/dl.
c. 40-50 mg/dl.
d. 50-60 mg/dl.
e. >60 mg/dl.
a. Liver
b. Olestra
c. Micelle
d. Aspirin
e. Lecithin
f. Corn oil
g. Olive oil
h. Sardines
i. Pancreas
j. Canola oil
k. Oleic acid
l. Stearic acid
m. Cholesterol
n. Potato chips
o. Tropical oils
p. Chylomicron
q. Linolenic acid
r. Cholecystokinin
s. High-density lipoprotein
t. Very-low density lipoprotein
1>An 18-carbon monounsaturated fatty acid
2>A source of medium-chain saturated fatty acids
3>A long-chain saturated fatty acid
4>A good source of monounsaturated fats
5>A phospholipid
6>Major dietary precursor for vitamin D synthesis
7>Source of bile
8>Signals the release of bile
9>Major source of lipase
10>Structure assisting absorption of long-chain fats
11>A lipoprotein synthesized within intestinal absorptive cells
12>A lipoprotein made primarily by the liver
13>The lipoprotein type with the highest percentage of protein
14>Slows the synthesis of eicosanoids
15>An essential fatty acid
16>Common source of trans-fatty acids
17>Good food source of omega-3 fatty acids
18>Good food source of omega-6 fatty acids
19>Fat replacement product made from fat
20>Oil that is characteristic of the Mediterranean diet
What is the Recommended Dietary Allowance for vitamin D in individuals around 20
years of age?
a.5 g
b.10 g
c.15 g
d.20 g
e.50 g
a. 1.4 k. Famine
b. 7 l. Methane
c. 8 m. Irrigation
d. 20 n. Dead zones
e. 25 o. Poverty
f. 85.5 p. Sustainable
g. 100 q. SNAP
h. 300 r. Food insecurity
i. 1500 s. Feeding America
j. Fossil t. ORT
1)Intermittent hunger caused by lack of money
2)The primary cause of hunger
3)USDA program aimed at preventing or remediating domestic malnutrition and hunger
for the poor
4)Name of the largest national food recovery program
5)Approximate number, in billions, of people in the world
6)Extreme scarcity of food
7)How much more pesticides are used to produce a meat-based diet than a vegetarian
8)Treatment for diarrhea-related dehydration
9)Percentage of the world€s population with iron-deficiency anemia
10)Number of children, in millions, under age 5 with vitamin A deficiency
11)Percentage of the U.S. population classified as €food secure€
12)Coal is an example of this type of fuel
13)Produced in large quantities by cows
14)This source of water for crops increases the salinity of the soil
15)Oxygen-depleted areas of bodies of water in which marine life cannot survive
16)Number of pounds of grain needed to produce one pound of beef weight gain
17)Percentage of energy used in the U.S. that is consumed by the food industry
18)Number of barrels of oil, in millions, wasted as a result of food waste
19)Term that describes using resources at a replaceable rate with no net accumulation of
20)Number of miles, on average, a food item is transported before it is eaten
Which statement is true of fat in the diet of athletes?
a. A minimum of 20% fat energy in the diet is needed.
b. Energy derived from fat has very little bearing on performance.
c. Optimal performance is found with a high-carbohydrate, 15% total fat kcalories diet.
d. Diets with at least 10% total kcalories from fat are still able to provide the
recommended amounts of micronutrients.
e. It is especially important for female athletes to keep their fat intake to less than 15%
of their total kcal.
The evidence from studies to date shows that nutritional interventions designed to
relieve depression
a. may or may not be effective.
b. are mildly effective.
c. are moderately effective.
d. are greatly effective.
e. may worsen depression in very old individuals.
The CDC recommends older adults engage in strength training at least two
(non-consecutive) days a week, at a moderate to high intensity for ____ repetitions.
a. 5-10
b. 10-15
c. 15-20
d. 20-25
e. 25-30
Peripheral resistance is the resistance blood encounters in the
a. veins.
b. arteries.
c. venules.
d. arterioles.
e. heart.
What percentage of older adults live in poverty?
a. 7
b. 9
c. 11
d. 13
e. 15
According to the FDA, a food label that reads "improves memory" is an example of a
a.health claim
b.Daily Value claim
c.qualified health claim
d.structure-function claim
e.unsupported claim
____________________ is found in undercooked ground beef and can cause severe
bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting lasting 5 to 10 days.
Adipose tissue actively secretes several hormones known as
____________________-proteins that help regulate energy balance and influence
several body functions.
Foods that provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions are called
____________________ foods.
Discuss the evidence that added sugars harm human health.
____________________ are damage to the skin and underlying tissues as a result of
compression and poor circulation.

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