Book Title
Understanding Nutrition 14th Edition

HLTH 762

July 5, 2015
What is a conjugated linoleic acid?
a. A type of cis-fatty acid
b. A partially hydrogenated omega-6 lipid
c. A fatty acid with the chemical make-up of linoleic acid but with a different
d. A fatty acid resulting from the partial hydrolysis of dietary phospholipids in the
intestinal tract
e. A nitrogen-containing compound found in foods and made in the body from the
amino acid methionine.
Which recommendation is part of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
a.Balance kcalories.
b.Limit protein foods intake.
c.Practice good foot hygiene.
d.Reduce seafood consumption.
e.Become vegetarians.
1)Typical amount (in mL) of water lost from lungs every day
2)Recommended minimum water intake (in mL) for adult expending 2,000 kcalories
3)Enzyme released by kidneys
4)Stimulates retention of sodium by kidneys
5)Stimulates retention of water by kidneys
6)A cation
7)An anion
8)Number of times more acidic a substance with pH of 4 is versus a substance with pH
of 2
9)Most prevalent major mineral in the body
10)Catalyst for ATP formation
11)Crystalline structure of bone
12)Hormone that helps regulate calcium balance
13)The age by which peak bone mass is achieved
14)Recommended calcium intake (mg/day) for college-age students
15)Percentage of dietary calcium absorbed by newborn infants
16)Substance that inhibits absorption of calcium
17)Amount of calcium, in mg, in 2 cups of milk
18)The protein in milk is a good source of this mineral
19)Substance that enhances absorption of calcium
20)Mineral that accounts for the structure of many proteins
A high risk of heart attack correlates with high blood levels of ____.
a. free fatty acids
b. high-density lipoproteins
c. low-density lipoproteins
d. very low-density lipoproteins
e. omega-3 fatty acids
Jody is taking a nutrition class, and has been assigned to evaluate a popular diet plan.
She finds a description of a plan for her assignment in a magazine at the grocery store.
Which of the following statements in the magazine would suggest that this plan is an
unsound, fad diet?
a."On this plan, you can lose up to 2 pounds per week!"
b."Once you complete this 6-month plan, you'll never have to diet again."
c."Keep fresh fruit or carrot sticks in the fridge at work so you won't be tempted to raid
the vending machine for a snack."
d."Starting an aerobic exercise plan may seem daunting, but you can start out with
shorter, easier sessions and then build up to 3 or more hours a week."
e."Loss of even 5 to 10 pounds can improve your health."
Of the following, which is among the recommended strategies for weight gain in an
underweight person?
a.Behavior modification training
b.Punishment of any weight losses
c.Forced awakening during the night for supplemental meals and snacks
d.Tube feeding during the night
e.Increased alcohol consumption
What is RUTF?
a. An advanced stage of kwashiorkor
b. An advanced stage of protein-energy malnutrition
c. A paste of peanut butter and powdered milk plus micronutrients
d. A sustainable agricultural practice that integrates farm-raised animals with
e. A fluid used to restore electrolytes in children with diarrhea
Which of the following is a feature of enhanced waters for physical activity?
a. The oxygenated types are beneficial in endurance events.
b. They provide a source of lactate to stimulate the Cori cycle.
c. One serving provides about a third of the RDA for most vitamins and calcium.
d. They usually contain less carbohydrate and electrolytes than typical sports drinks.
e. They are generally more useful than sports drinks.
What population group consumes the most soft drinks each day at school?
a. Teenage boys
b. Teenage girls
c. 10 to 12 year-old boys
d. 10 to 12 year-old girls
e. 8 to 10 year-old boys and girls
Keshan disease risk increases with a deficiency of
a. copper.
b. selenium.
c. manganese.
d. molybdenum.
e. rubidium.
According to the Dietary Guidelines, what should be the maximum total fat intake as a
percentage of energy intake?
a. 10
b. 20
c. 35
d. 50
e. 60
When consumed regularly, which fatty acid helps prevent the formation of blood clots?
a. Oleic acid
b. Stearic acid
c. Arachidonic acid
d. Eicosapentaenoic acid
e. Linoleic acid
Which of the following is a characteristic of the response to stress?
a. Men often follow a pattern of "tend-and-befriend"
b. Women usually engage in the "fight-or-flight" response
c. Older men and women tend to lose their ability to adapt to stress
d. Common psychological stressors in older people include alcohol abuse and smoking
e. The physiologic responses triggered by stress decrease the likelihood of physical
responses to the stressors
The amount of energy that the body derives from foods is known as the ____.
a.basal metabolism
b.food combustion value
c.bomb calorimetry value
d.physiological fuel value
e.basal caloric value
Which lipid is an essential nutrient?
a. Lecithin
b. Cholesterol
c. Stearic acid
d. Linoleic acid
e. Adipokine
Among the leading causes of death in the United States diabetes ranks number
a. 1.
b. 3.
c. 5.
d. 7.
e. 9.
What is the recommended range of daily fat consumption for an individual on a 2000
calorie diet?
a. 5 to 15 grams
b. 20 to 35 grams
c. 45 to 75 grams
d. 80 to 100 grams
e. 125 to 150 grams
What is a characteristic of excess intra-abdominal fat?
a.It is more common in women than men.
b.It has been proven to be a poorer indicator of degenerative diseases than the BMI.
c.Some (but not all) research suggests that it is more harmful than fat in other locations.
d.It is associated with increased risk for heart disease and diabetes in men but not in
e.It bears very little relationship to heart disease or diabetes but is importantly
associated with certain cancers.
The concentration of electrolyte charges is measured in
a. solute minerals.
b. milliequivalents.
c. ionic dissociates.
d. total atomic masses.
e. millijoules.
The famine in Somalia has left ____ children under the age of 5 dead.
a. 10,000
b. 20,000
c. 30,000
d. 40,000
e. 50,000
Compare and contrast the digestion-absorption mechanisms for long-chain vs.
short-chain fatty acids.
List four of the liver's functions in the metabolism of each of these nutrients:
carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
____________________ circulates between the cells of the body and collects into tiny
When the body needs iron, it is released to an iron transport protein called
Neighborhoods and communities characterized by limited access to nutritious and
affordable foods are known as ____________________.

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