Final Exam the entry to record collection in full within the discount period

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Financial Accounting 9th Edition
Donald E. Kieso, Jerry J. Weygandt, Paul D. Kimmel
Final Exam: Chapters 1-14 Name _________________________
Financial Accounting, 9e Instructor ______________________
Section # _______ Date _________
Designate the best answer for each of the following questions.
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the following information:
Long Company recently incurred the following costs:
(1) Purchase price of land and dilapidated building $280,000
(2) Real estate broker's commission 14,000
(3) Net demolition costs of dilapidated building 39,000
(4) Excavation costs for new building 44,000
(5) Architect's fees and building permits 30,000
(6) Costs associated with new building construction 650,000
(7) Costs associated with new furniture and equipment 250,000
(8) Actual interest cost during building construction 168,000
(9) Actual interest cost after completion of building construction 120,000
(10) Cost of walks, driveways, and parking lot 55,000
____ 1. The building should be recorded on Long's books at
a. $580,000.
b. $624,000.
c. $663,000.
d. $892,000.
____ 2. Land should be recorded on Long's books at
a. $280,000.
b. $294,000.
c. $333,000.
d. $363,000.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
____ 3. Larson Supply bought equipment at a cost of $72,000 on January 2, 2012. It originally
had an estimated life of ten years and a salvage value of $12,000. Larson uses the
straight-line depreciation method. On December 31, 2015, Larson decided the useful
life likely would end on December 31, 2019, with a salvage value of $6,000. The
depreciation expense recorded on December 31, 2015, should be
a. $6,000.
b. $6,600.
c. $9,600.
d. $13,200.
____ 4. In order to be relevant, accounting information must
a. be neutral.
b. be verifiable.
c. have predictive value.
d. be a faithful representation.
____ 5. Riodan Company sold old equipment for $105,000. The equipment had a cost of
$210,000 and accumulated depreciation of $126,000. The entry to record the sale of
the equipment would include a
a. loss on disposal of $105,000.
b. gain on disposal of $105,000.
c. loss on disposal of $21,000.
d. gain on disposal of $21,000.
____ 6. The cost of intangible assets should be
a. amortized over the assets' estimated useful life, or legal life, whichever is shorter.
b. amortized over a period not exceeding 5 years.
c. amortized over the assets' estimated useful life.
d. charged to an expense account at acquisition.
____ 7. In a period of rising prices, the inventory method that results in the lowest income tax
payment is
a. LIFO.
b. FIFO.
c. average cost.
d. specific identification.
____ 8. On November 30, Thatcher Company issued a $15,000, 6%, 4-month note to the
National Bank. The entry on Thatcher's books to record the payment of the note at
maturity will include a credit to Cash for
a. $15,000.
b. $15,900.
c. $15,300
d. $15,600
____ 9. The inventory methods that result in the most current costs in the income statement
and balance sheet are
Income Statement Balance Sheet
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 3
____ 10. The following information is available for Lighten Company:
Sales $130,000 Freight-in $10,000
Ending Merchandise Inventory 12,000 Purchase Returns and Allowances 5,000
Purchases 100,000 Beginning Merchandise Inventory 15,000
Lighten’s cost of goods sold is
a. $125,000.
b. $120,000.
c. $108,000.
d. $105,000.
____ 11. If ending inventory is understated, net income and assets will be
Net Income Assets
a. Understated Understated
b. Overstated Overstated
c. Understated Unaffected
d. None of the above.
____ 12. With regard to the accounts used to record freight costs,
a. Freight-out is added to cost of goods sold.
b. Freight-out has a normal debit balance .
c. Freight-out is recorded when freight terms are FOB shipping point.
d. Freight-out is a contra account to Sales.
____ 13. The assumption that assumes a company will continue in operation long enough to
carry out its existing objectives is the
a. economic entity assumption.
b. going concern assumption.
c. monetary unit assumption.
d. time period assumption.
____ 14. All of the following are intangible assets except
a. patents.
b. land improvements.
c. goodwill.
d. franchises.
____ 15. A daily cash count of register receipts made by a cashier department supervisor
demonstrates an application of which of the following internal control principles?
a. Documentation procedures
b. Segregation of duties
c. Establishment of responsibility
d. Independent internal verification
____ 16. When the allowance method is used for bad debts, the entry to write off an individual
account known to be uncollectible involves a
a. debit to an expense account.
b. credit to an expense account.
c. credit to the allowance account.
d. debit to the allowance account.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
____ 17. Shipping terms of FOB destination mean that the
a. purchaser is responsible for the shipping charges.
b. shipping charges are debited to Freight-Out.
c. items should be in the purchaser's inventory account at year-end if the items are in
d. both (a) and (c) above.
____ 18. Bates Company has a $300,000 balance in Accounts Receivable and a $1,000 debit
balance in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. Credit sales for the period totaled
$1,800,000. What is the amount of the bad debt adjusting entry if Bates uses a
percentage of receivables basis at 5%?
a. $15,000
b. $14,000
c. $16,000
d. $15,050
____ 19. With regard to accounting for a merchandising company versus a service company,
which of the following is false?
a. Additional accounts and entries are typically required for a merchandising
b. Both retail and wholesale enterprises generally use accounting techniques of a
merchandising company.
c. The process of measuring net income is conceptually different.
d. There are just as many steps as in the accounting cycle for a merchandising
____ 20. If merchandise is sold for $3,000 subject to credit terms of 2/10, n/30, the entry to
record collection in full within the discount period would include a
a. credit to Sales Discounts for $60.
b. credit to Cash for $2,940
c. credit to Accounts Receivable for $60.
d. none of These answer choices are correct.
____ 21. Barker Company's records show the following for the month of January:
Balance, Retained Earnings at January 1 ................................ $600,000
Balance, Retained Earnings at January 31 .............................. 900,000
Revenues ................................................................................. 1,005,000
Dividends Declared .................................................................. 45,000
Expenses for January were
a. $960,000.
b. $1,005,000.
c. $705,000.
d. $660,000.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 5
22. Jetson Company's financial information is presented below.
Sales $ ???? Purchase Returns and Allowances $ 30,000
Sales Returns and Allowances 60,000 Ending Merchandise Inventory 70,000
Net Sales 700,000 Cost of Goods Sold 360,000
Beginning Merchandise Inventory ???? Gross Profit ????
Purchases 340,000
The missing amounts above are:
Sales Beginning Inventory Gross Profit
a. $760,000 $90,000 $340,000
b. $640,000 $90,000 $400,000
c. $760,000 $120,000 $340,000
d. $640,000 $120,000 $400,000
____ 23. The necessity of making adjusting entries relates mostly to the
a. economic entity assumption.
b. time period assumption.
c. going concern assumption.
d. monetary unit assumption.
____ 24. The preparation of closing entries
a. is an optional step in the accounting cycle.
b. results in zero balances in all accounts at the end of the period so that they are
ready for the following period's transactions.
c. is necessary before financial statements can be prepared.
d. results in transferring the balances in all temporary accounts to retained earnings.
____ 25. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is reported in the
a. balance sheet as a contra asset.
b. balance sheet as a contra liability account.
c. income statement under other expenses and losses.
d. income statement under other revenues and gains.
____ 26. Current liabilities are obligations that are reasonably expected to be paid from
Existing Creation of Other
Current Assets Current Liabilities
a. No No
b. Yes Yes
c. Yes No
d. No Yes
____ 27. Which of the following errors will cause a trial balance to be out of balance? The entry
to record a payment on account was
a. not posted at all.
b. posted as a debit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Payable.
c. posted as a debit to Cash and a debit to Accounts Payable.
d. posted as a debit to Accounts Receivable and a credit to Cash.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
____ 28. The primary accounting standard-setting body in the United States is the
a. Securities and Exchange Commission.
b. Accounting Principles Board.
c. Financial Accounting Standards Board.
d. Internal Revenue Service.
____ 29. Lawford Company's equipment account increased $800,000 during the period; the
related accumulated depreciation increased $60,000. New equipment was purchased
at a cost of $1,400,000 and used equipment was sold at a loss of $40,000.
Depreciation expense was $200,000. Proceeds from the sale of the used equipment
a. $420,000.
b. $500,000.
c. $560,000.
d. $640,000.
____ 30. Which of the following would not be included in the operating activities section of a
statement of cash flows?
a. Cash inflows from returns on loans (i.e., interest)
b. Cash inflows from returns on equity securities (i.e., dividends)
c. Cash outflows to governments for taxes
d. Cash outflows to reacquire treasury stock
____ 31. Which of the following combinations presents correct examples of liquidity, profitability,
and solvency ratios, respectively?
Liquidity Profitability Solvency
a. Inventory turnover Inventory turnover Times interest earned
b. Current ratio Inventory turnover Debt to assets ratio
c. Accounts receivable turnover Return on assets Times interest earned
d. Average days collection Payout ratio Return on assets
____ 32. Nadine Manufacturing declared a 10% stock dividend when it had 200,000 shares of
$5 par value common stock outstanding. The market price per common share was
$12 per share when the dividend was declared. The entry to record this dividend
declaration includes a credit to
a. Stock Dividends of $100,000.
b. Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par Common Stock for $140,000.
c. Common Stock for $100,000.
d. Stock Dividends for $240,000.
____ 33. Which of the following pairs of terms in the area of financial statement analysis are
a. Ratio Trend
b. Horizontal Trend
c. Vertical Ratio
d. Horizontal Ratio
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 7
____ 34. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Trading securities are debt securities that the investor has the intent to hold to
b. Trading securities are securities bought and held primarily for sale in the near
c. Trading securities are securities that may be sold in the future.
d. Trading securities are reported at cost in the balance sheet.
____ 35. Dividends received are credited to what account under the equity method and cost
method, respectively?
Equity Method Cost Method
a. Stock Investments Dividend Revenue
b. Dividend Revenue Dividend Revenue
c. Stock Investments Stock Investments
d. Dividend Revenue Stock Investments
____ 36. In accounting for available-for-sale securities, the Unrealized LossEquity account
should be classified as a
a. liability on the balance sheet.
b. loss on the income statement.
c. deduction in the stockholders' equity section of the balance sheet.
d. contra asset on the balance sheet.
____ 37. Barr Corporation has the following stock outstanding:
5% Preferred Stock, $100 Par $2,000,000
Common Stock, $50 Par 4,000,000
No dividends were paid the previous 2 years. If Barr declares $500,000 of dividends in
the current year, how much will preferred stockholders receive if the preferred stock is
a. $200,000
b. $300,000
c. $400,000
d. $100,000
____ 38. The statement of cash flows is a(n)
a. required supplemental financial statement.
b. required basic financial statement.
c. optional basic financial statement.
d. optional supplementary statement.
____ 39. The directors of Chandler Corp. are trying to decide whether they should issue par or
no par stock. They are considering two alternatives for their new stock, which they are
assuming will be issued at $8 per share. The alternatives are: (A) $5 par value and (B)
no par, no stated value. If 100,000 shares are issued, what amount will be credited to
the common stock account in each of these cases?
(A) (B)
a. $100,000 $800,000
b. $100,000 $800,000
c. $800,000 $800,000
d. $500,000 $800,000
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
____ 40. Dixon Corp. purchased 20,000 shares of its own $2 par common stock at a cost of
$13 per share on April 30, 2015. The stock was originally issued at $11 per share. The
entry to record the purchase of the stock should include a debit to
a. Common Stock for $40,000.
b. Treasury Stock for $40,000.
c. Common Stock for $260,000.
d. Treasury Stock for $260,000.
____ 41. What is the effect on total paid-in capital of a stock dividend and a stock split,
Stock Dividend Stock Split
a. Increase No effect
b. No effect No effect
c. Decrease No effect
d. Decrease Decrease
____ 42. Which of the following should be classified as an extraordinary item?
a. Effects of major casualties not infrequent in the area
b. Write-off of a significant amount of receivables
c. Loss from the expropriation of facilities by a foreign government
d. Losses due to a bitter, lengthy labor strike
____ 43. A Discount on Bonds Payable account
a. is a contra account to Bonds Payable.
b. will cause interest expense to be less than cash interest payable.
c. is increased over the life of the bond until it equals the bond's face value.
d. is an adjunct account to Bonds Payable.
____ 44. In order to be considered extraordinary, an item must be
a. frequent and uninsured.
b. unusual and uninsured.
c. uninsured and infrequent.
d. infrequent and unusual.
____ 45. If the market rate of interest is lower than the stated rate, bonds will sell at an amount
a. equal to face value.
b. not determinable from the given information.
c. lower than face value.
d. higher than face value.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 9
PART II MATCHING (24 points)
Designate the terminology that best represents the definition or statement given below by placing
the identifying letter(s) in the space provided. No letter should be used more than once.
A. Additions and improvements X. Full disclosure principle
B. Allowance method Y. Going-concern assumption
C. Amortization Z. Held-to-maturity securities
D. Asset turnover AA. Internal control
E. Average-cost method AB. Last-in, first-out method
F. Book value AC. Liquidity
G. Capital expenditure AD. Expense recognition principle.
H. Debt to assets ratio AE. Materiality constraint
I. Consistency AF. Monetary unit assumption
J. Contra asset account AG. Net purchases
K. Cost method AH. Periodic inventory system
L. Credit memorandum AI. Permanent accounts
M. Debit memorandum AJ. Perpetual inventory system
N. Declining-balance method AK. Ratio analysis
O. Depreciable cost AL. Relevance
P. Depreciation AM. Retained earnings
Q. Direct write-off method AN. Revenue expenditure
R. Discontinued operations AO. Revenue recognition principle
S. Earnings per share AP. Stock dividend
T. Economic entity assumption AQ. Stock split
U. Equity method AR. Temporary accounts
V. Extraordinary items AS. Time period assumption
W. First-in, first-out method AT. Units-of-activity method
___ 1. The periodic write-off of an intangible asset.
___ 2. The total amount subject to depreciation.
___ 3. The principle that efforts be matched with accomplishments.
___ 4. An expenditure charged against revenues as an expense when incurred.
___ 5. The inventory costing method that assumes that the costs of the earliest goods
purchased are the first to be recognized as cost of goods sold.
___ 6. Measures the percentage of total assets provided by creditors.
___ 7. An inventory costing method that assumes that the latest units purchased are the first to
be allocated to cost of goods sold.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 10
___ 8. An assumption that economic events can be identified with a particular unit of
___ 9. A quality of information that indicates the information makes a difference in a decision.
___ 10. An assumption that the economic life of a business can be divided into artificial time
___ 11. This method of accounting for uncollectible accounts is required when bad debts are
significant in size.
___ 12. An accounting method in which cash dividends received are credited to Dividend
___ 13. Used by a bank when a previously deposited customer’s check “bounces” because of
insufficient funds.
___ 14. The assumption that the enterprise will continue in operation long enough to carry out its
existing objectives and commitments.
___ 15. A system in which detailed records are not maintained and cost of goods sold is
determined only at the end of an accounting period.
___ 16. The ability to pay maturing obligations and meet unexpected needs for cash.
___ 17. The methods and measures adopted within a business to safeguard its assets and
enhance the accuracy and reliability of its accounting records.
___ 18. Revenue, expense, and dividends accounts whose balances are transferred to retained
earnings at the end of an accounting period.
___ 19. A technique for evaluating financial statements that expresses the relationship among
selected financial statement data.
___ 20. A depreciation method that applies a constant rate to the declining balance book value
of the asset and produces a decreasing annual depreciation expense over the useful life
of the asset.
___ 21. A pro rata distribution of a corporation’s own stock to its stockholders.
___ 22. Events and transactions that are unusual in nature and infrequent in occurrence.
___ 23. The disposal of a significant component of a business.
___ 24. The net income earned by each share of outstanding common stock.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 11
The trial balance of Timlin Company shows the following balances for selected accounts on
November 30, 2015
Prepaid Insurance $12,000 Unearned Service Revenue $ 4,800
Equipment 60,000 Notes Payable 25,000
Accumulated Depreciation-Equip. 8,800 Interest Payable 500
Instructions: Using the additional information given below, prepare the appropriate monthly
adjusting entries at November 30. Show computations.
A. Revenue for services rendered to customers, but not yet billed, totaled $6,000 on November
B. The note payable is a 6%, 1-year note issued September 1, 2015.
C. The equipment was purchased on January 2, 2014, for $60,000 with an estimated life of 10
years and an estimated salvage value of $12,000. Timlin uses the straight-line depreciation
D. An insurance policy was acquired on June 30, 2015; the premium paid for 2 years was
E. Timlin received $4,800 fees in advance from a customer on November 1, 2015. Three-
fourths of this amount was earned by November 30.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 12
A review of the November 30 bank statement and other data of James Company reveals the
1. Balance per bank statement on November 30 .................................................... $17,300
2. Balance per books on November 30 ................................................................... $12,173
3. NSF Check from J. Smith in payment of account ................................................ $480
4. Collection of $3,000, 4-month, 9% note with a $30 collection fee. No interest
had been accrued ............................................................................................... $3,060
5. Deposits in transit at November 30 ..................................................................... $4,200
6. Outstanding checks at November 30 .................................................................. $6,920
7. A check written by James to Green for equipment on November 10 was
recorded as $463 but correctly cleared the bank as $436.
8. A check drawn on the account of Johns Company for $200 was mistakenly
charged against James' account by the bank.
Instructions: Prepare the November 30 (a) bank reconciliation (omit heading) and (b) related
journal entries.
Amount Amount
Balance per bank statement $17,300 Balance per books $12,173
Adjusted balance per bank $ Adjusted balance per books $
Account Titles Debit Credit
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 13
PART V INVENTORY (12 points)
Finley Company had a beginning inventory of 200 units at a cost of $12 per unit on August 1.
During the month, the following purchases and sales were made.
Purchases Sales
August 4 250 units at $13 August 7 150 units
August 15 350 units at $15 August 11 100 units
August 28 200 units at $14 August 17 250 units
August 24 220 units
Finley uses a periodic inventory system.
Determine ending inventory and cost of goods sold under (a) average cost, (b) FIFO, and (c)
(a) Average cost:
Ending inventory = $____________; cost of goods sold = $_____________.
(b) FIFO:
Ending inventory = $_____________; cost of goods sold = $____________.
(c) LIFO:
Ending inventory = $_____________; cost of goods sold = $____________.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 14
Thomas Company purchased equipment for $760,000 cash on January 1, 2014. The estimated
life is 5 years or 1,000,000 units; salvage value is estimated at $60,000. Actual activity was
180,000 units in 2014, and 200,000 units in 2015.
Instructions: Compute the annual depreciation expense for 2014 and 2015, and book value at
December 31, 2015, under the following depreciation methods: (a) units-of-activity, (b) straight-
line, and (c) double-declining-balance.
(a) Units-of-activity
2014 depreciation = $_______________.
2015 depreciation = $_______________.
12/31/15 book value = $_______________.
(b) Straight-line
2014 depreciation = $_______________.
2015 depreciation = $_______________.
12/31/15 book value = $_______________.
(c) Double-declining-balance
2014 depreciation = $_______________.
2015 depreciation = $_______________.
12/31/15 book value = $_______________.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 15
The condensed financial statements of Howard Corporation for 2015 are presented below.
Howard Corporation Howard Corporation
Balance Sheet Income Statement
December 31, 2015 For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Assets Revenues $2,000,000
Current assets Expenses
Cash and short-term Cost of goods sold 1,020,000
investments $ 40,000 Operating expenses 730,000
Accounts receivable 70,000 Interest expense 50,000
Inventories 140,000 Total expenses 1,800,000
Total current assets 250,000 Income before income taxes 200,000
Property, plant, and Income tax expense 80,000
equipment (net) 750,000 Net income $ 120,000
Total assets $1,000,000
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities $ 100,000
Long-term liabilities 350,000
Common stockholders' equity 550,000
Total liabilities and
stockholders' equity $1,000,000
Additional data as of December 31, 2014: Inventory = $100,000; Total assets = $800,000;
Common stockholders' equity = $450,000.
Instructions: Compute the following listed ratios for 2015 showing supporting calculations.
(a) Current ratio = _________________________________________________________ .
(b) Debt to assets ratio = ____________________________________________________ .
(c) Times interest earned = __________________________________________________ .
(d) Inventory turnover = _____________________________________________________ .
(e) Profit margin = _________________________________________________________ .
(f) Return on common stockholders' equity = ___________________________________ .
(g) Return on assets = _____________________________________________________ .
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
FE - 16
Presented below is information related to the operations of Simpson Corporation.
2015 2014 2015
Cash $120,000 $ 80,000 Sales revenue $760,000
Accounts receivable 110,000 96,000 Cost of goods sold 380,000
Inventory 60,000 44,000 Gross profit 380,000
Prepaid expenses 30,000 40,000 Depreciation expense 28,000
Land 78,000 40,000 Other operating expenses 266,000
Buildings 200,000 200,000 Income from operations 86,000
Accumulated depreciation Loss on disposal of plant
buildings (34,000) (16,000) assets 4,000
Equipment 116,000 160,000 Income before income taxes 82,000
Accumulated depreciation Income tax expense 26,000
equipment (30,000) (40,000) Net income $ 56,000
Total $650,000 $604,000
Accounts payable $ 80,000 $ 58,000
Bonds payable 0 200,000
Common stock 400,000 200,000
Retained earnings 170,000 146,000
Total $650,000 $604,000
Additional information:
(a) In 2015, Simpson declared and paid a cash dividend.
(b) The company converted $200,000 of bonds into common stock.
(c) Equipment with a cost of $44,000 and a book value of $24,000 was sold for $20,000. Land
was acquired for cash.
Prepare a statement of cash flows in proper form for 2015, using the indirect method.
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
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Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
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Solutions Final Exam: Chapters 1-14
Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
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Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
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Test Bank for Financial Accounting, Ninth Edition
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