Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

EDUK 94862

July 4, 2017
A supervisor may discuss ways in which instructional improvement can be enhanced
during a conference with a teacher. Which of the following approach is not used for a
specific outcome during the conference?
a. Nondirective approach " Outcome: supervisor-assigned plan
b. Collaborative approach " Outcome: mutual plan
c. Directive information " Outcome: supervisor-suggested plan
d. Directive control " Outcome " supervisor-assigned plan
If both the supervisor and teachers are unaware of actions that are taken in public, this
represents which of the following window in the Johari Window?
a. Private self
b. Public self
c. Blind self
d. Unknown self
School-business partnerships promote the
a. exchange of business resources for school activities
b. procurement of progressive enterprises for student growth
c. promote on-site business experiences
d. all of these
Skillful leaders use action research to improve instruction and group relationships.
Which of the following elements are key considerations?
a. Group dimensions
b. Clear procedures for decision-making
c. Problem solving and conflict resolution
d. Appropriate leadership styles
Which of the following dimensions are included in the holistic adult learning?
a. Somatic or embedded knowing
b. Narrative learning
c. Spiritual learning
d. All of these
The supervisor needs to determine the following:
a. Type of tool
b. Method " Quantitative or Qualitative
c. Role of the observer
d. All of the above
McMillan & Price (2005) parallel the work environment of teachers in Frontier West to
the modern teacher conditions in the following ways:
a. Underpaid professionals
b. Overcrowded classrooms
c. Funding difficulties
d. All of the above
Planning is defined as
a. deciding where you want to go.
b. formulating how you will get to your destination.
c. strategically deciding on the steps you will take.
d. delineating the goals that are needed.
A rule of thumb for the supervisor to use in working on the early stages with a teacher
or group. Which of the following approaches were used?
a. Collaborative
b. Directive
c. Nondirective
d. All of the above
Which of the following are measured by quantitative observations?
a. Classroom events
b. Behaviors
c. Objects
d. All of above
Somatic learning includes kinesthetic learning and the role of emotions in learning.
Which of the following theorist developed the study of somatic learning?
a. Merriam
b. Clark
c. Caffarella
d. Baumgartner
School community partnerships include which of the following?
a. Parent-school partnerships
b. Community stakeholders
c. District - school partnerships
d. School-university leadership
Change experts suggest the way to improve the school's approach to meeting the needs
of today's students and society in the following ways:
a. Consider alternative theories
b. Analyze the past issues that didn't work
c. Go beyond the rational-structural approach
d. All of the above
Mutually understanding an issue, the teacher and supervisor checks in for accuracy of
their observations and clarifies each of their perceptions. The supervisor summarizes
the teachers' statements. Which of the following did the supervisor demonstrate in this
a. Negotiating
b. Directing
c. Standardizing
d. Reflecting
Which of the following theorists developed adult learning that involves understanding
the spirituality of learners in relationship to their education?
a. Beattie
b. Rossiter
c. Tolliver
d. Tisdell
Dewey (1916) believed that democracy is about the social relationships in a community
that holds the ideals and values in our society. Which of the following promotes
democracy in the schools?
a. Assure equitable treatment of all minority groups
b. Involved all members of school community
c. Engage in civic participation and service
d. All of the following
Allison (1981) emphasizes that school districts, that only rely on rating scales, preclude
which of the following:
a. Formative objectives
b. Standardization
c. Non-instructional criteria
d. All of the above
Danielson and McGreal (2000) discusses that instructional evaluation form judge
teachers on which of the following qualities:
a. Personal relationships
b. Classroom climate
c. Planning
d. Classroom management
Payne (2007) states that most schools are heteronormative, which means
a. there is a normal membership of both sexes present.
b. rituals are established based upon the sexes.
c. the popularity are group membership are equated with heterosexuality.
d. all of these
Collaborative behaviors is based on the assumption that there is
a. equal investment in reviewing an issue.
b. joint motivation to discuss openly differing points of views.
c. shared responsibility in the results.
d. all of these.
Community of inquiry can be used in action research through a cycle of inquiry. What
are the components of this cycle of inquiry?
a. Agreement on focus of inquiry
b. Gathering and analysis of data
c. Reflective Dialogue
d. Action
Which of the following definitions characterize some of the components for operational
a. Executive course consist of the 7-11 members, which represents the minority of
b. Task forces are adhoc groups, who provide feedback from others on instructional
c. Liaison groups are formal groups, who communicate between the faculty and
executive council.
d. All of the above
Ornstein & Hunkins (2009) described the elements of the design process, which is
based upon instruction. What are these elements?
a. Sequence
b. Continuity
c. Scope
d. All of the above
The supervisors use questions to gather additional information for the underlying
problem. Which of the following statement(s) are illustrated by the supervisor's
clarifying behavior?
a. I think you are saying. . .
b. Do you mean that you are really concerned about the student?
c. I like that idea and believe that this will work.
d. Have you thought about relaxation techniques for students?
Collegial model for supervision encourages the following:
a. Teachers' work on curriculum planning that follows the standards
b. Reflective inquiry as an ongoing process for all professionals
c. Professional moral service to students is the focus
d. Administrators' and teachers' step-by-step monitoring of instructional goals
Research on age-linked life cycle development examines the abilities of individuals at
different ages. Which of the following is not representative of the critical components at
a specific age?
a. Individuals from mid-30s to mid-40s revolve around work and family
b. Individuals from 20 to 35 revolve around finding stability in their families
c. Individuals from 35 to 55 provide some disillusionment, reflection, and reordering of
d. All of the these
Chang's (2009) research discussed the psychological dilemma experienced by teachers
in the following manner:
a. Elementary teacher meets with 25-30 students for six and one-half hours.
b. Secondary teacher meets with 100 to 150 students for five to seven 50-minute
c. Teachers have the responsibility to bring their children to a certain academic level.
d. All of the above
The supervisor may use directive information statements as a
a. judge or police officer giving directives.
b. physician giving expert advice to a patient
c. attorney giving expert advice to a client
d. All of these
The relationship between the development stages (cognitive, conceptual, moral, ego,
levels of consciousness, teacher concerns) and adult and teacher development levels
(low, moderate, or high) indicate the following findings:
a. Teacher may operate at the same general level in more than one development stages.
b. Tentative composite descriptions of teachers may be formulated according to low,
moderate, and high levels of development.
c. Teachers at higher stages of development appear to be more effective in classroom.
d. Most teachers to not reach a high stage of attainment of teacher development.
The supervisory behavior continuum includes the following ways in which to increase
teacher growth and assure student learning. These dimensions are as follows:
a. Building knowledge
b. Using interpersonal skills for communication
c. Utilizing technical skills for planning, assessing, observing and evaluation
d. All of these
Fullan (1997) believes that the complexity of education change is based upon which of
the following?
e. Forces impacting educational policy
f. Unplanned factors
g. Movement of key leaders
h. Inventions of technology
Teacher and student artifacts provide data for assessors to review work products. Which
is considered a work product?
a Units or lesson plans
b Portfolios
c Creative writing
d Videos
Collaborative walkthroughs is
a the supervisor observing more than one classroom.
b the facilitation of 8-12 teachers visiting classes and providing data on teaching
and learning.
c the supervisor visiting students in the hallways.
d all of the above.
Gordon, Stiegelbauer, and Diehl (2008) described the characteristics of successful
action research program. Which of the following applies?
a Distributed leadership
b Detailed action plans for implementation and evaluation activities
c Basis of grounded data gathering and analysis
d Incremental, steady approach to action research
The supervisor uses a strategic method to review the teacher's program. What are the
components of this method?
a Gather information from observation
b Identify the problem
c Tells the teacher what to do
d Provides an explanation of why the suggestions will work
Which of the following does not represent the collective thinking about instruction and
teacher participation?
a Expert decisions made in commercial publishing can enhance teacher development.
b Broad instructional dialogue on instructional topics can add teacher performance.
c Assistance, choice, and responsibility for all stakeholders make decisions on student
d All of the above