EDUK 62545

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
Although it is important for a leader to receive feedback at the end of a group
experience, he should interpret the feedback with caution because some members will
only give positive feedback from a need to please, while others may give inaccurate
negative feedback because of underlying anger at authority.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is TRUE about apportioning "air time" to members?
a. The leader should give each member equal air time.
b. If one member needs most of the group's time, the leader should give it to him.
c. Both of the choices are true.
d. Neither of the choices is true.
The leader may use his or her eyes to do each of the following EXCEPT
a. cut members off.
b. link members together.
c. scan the group for nonverbal cues.
d. encourage members to speak to each other.
One of the most important observable group dynamics is who talks to whom and how
often each member speaks.
a. True
b. False
A. Cutting off
B. Drawing out
One member of a parenting group spends most of the time in group silently worrying
about the sick child she has at home.
Choices of names of exercises:
A. Arts and crafts
B. Common reading
C. Creative props
D. Experiential
E. Fantasy
F. Moral dilemma
G. Movement
H. Touching
Activities are done on an outdoor course made of ropes.
Which of the following is TRUE?
a. A single-session group must have a purpose
b. A sole purpose may carry over into many sessions
c. Both choices are true
d. Neither choice is true
It is best for a group session to come to a natural end rather than having the leader
engineer the closing phase with specific exercises or techniques.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is TRUE regarding the depth of sharing in a group?
a. Members vary in the degree to which they can handle personal sharing in a group.
b. Leaders should consider the readiness of all group members when thinking about
deepening the group's focus.
c. Both of the available choices are true.
d. Neither of the available choices is true.
When should the purpose be clarified with the members?
a. After the first session
b. During the first session
c. Before the first session
d. Within the first couple of sessions
For some children, groups can be much better than individual counseling because
groups allow children a place to learn and practice new skills.
a. True
b. False
In therapy groups, the leader does not need to know the topic, such as addictions, eating
disorders, or sexual abuse, because the members who are dealing with these issues will
supply all the information necessary for the group to run well.
a. True
b. False
A writing exercise is especially helpful to draw out members because each person can
read what is written down.
a. True
b. False
The authors suggest holding the focus on an individual person in a therapy group no
longer than
a. 30 minutes
b. 10 - 15 minutes
c. 5 minutes
d. 45 minutes
It is usually best not to point out to group members early in the group that sometimes
people feel nervous because, by doing so, members may feel more nervous.
a. True
b. False
During the closing stage of a group, that is, the last session or two, it is common to have
a few loose ends that still need to be tied up before the members can comfortably leave
the group. Therefore, it is important for the leader to allow time for this because
unfinished business can interfere with the sense of closure and may leave one or more
members with unresolved issues.
a. True
b. False
By using members in role plays or rounds, not only can the therapy in a group be more
impactful, but this process keeps the members involved during a session.
a. True
b. False
A. Beginning/warm-up
B. Middle/working
C. Closing
The leader gives a mini-lecture about the day's topic and facilitates discussion by asking
relevant questions.
A leader may pair members together in a dyad for which of the following reasons?
a. They have something in common
b. They are uncomfortable with one another
c. They hold different opinions about a topic
d. Any of the available choices
It is never okay to provide any kind of therapeutic help in a non-therapy group such as a
support or education group.
a. True
b. False
During the beginning stage of a counseling group, when a member gets "off-track", that
is, brings up a topic unrelated to the purpose of the group, the leader should
a. Listen quietly in case the topic this member brings up is more interesting than the
original topic of the group.
b. Ask the "off-track" member to leave the group
c. Ask the members to vote on which topic they want to focus on, the original topic that
brought them there or this new topic of interest to one member
d. Redirect the conversation back to the topic the members originally wanted to discuss
a. can be used to cut members off.
b. make members feel uncomfortable.
c. should only be used to warm up or to close a group.
d. give group leaders very little useful information about individual members.
Rounds and dyads have very little value when a leader is trying to focus a group.
a. True
b. False
Creating an atmosphere in a therapy group where members feel safe and comfortable
sharing their thoughts and feelings is the leader's responsibility.
a. True
b. False
Which of these things helps the leader to clarify the purpose of the group?
a. Deciding which needs can be met by the group
b. Gathering information about the members' needs
c. Conceptualizing the kind of group that will meet the members' needs
d. All of the available choices
To stimulate member thinking in the middle stages of group, the authors recommend the
use of
a. exercises and activities
b. thought provoking questions
c. mini lecture
d. choices A & B
During this exercise, members are given a written list of 15 to 20 descriptive words and
are directed to pick 3 to 5 words that describe the member who is receiving feedback.
a. Adjective checklist
b. Talk about the members
c. Strength bombardment
d. Metaphorical Feedback
The authors believe that by keeping the purpose of a group vague, the members are
much more appreciative of the leader's effort when the real purpose finally becomes
a. True
b. False
Which of the following could be used to deepen the focus of a session?
a. Working intensely with one member
b. Asking the group a thought provoking question
c. Inviting all members to share at a more personal level
d. All of the available choices.
Which of the following is NOT a reason given by the authors to use members to ask
questions or to guess the problem of another member?
a. To give the leader time to think
b. To keep other members involved and interested
c. To break up the working member's tendency to tell stories
d. To satisfy other members' curiosity about the working member
With resistant members, the leader SHOULD
a. talk to him after the session to try to help him to work through his resistance
b. take as much time as needed to break down the resistance
c. keep the member from sharing any of his opinions in group
d. allow him to discuss irrelevant topics as long as he participates in group
All of the following are true with regard to dyads EXCEPT
a. Members may be more comfortable sharing in a dyad than with the entire group
b. Dyads should not be used to change the format of the group
c. Dyads can be used to warm a group up and add energy
d. Dyads can provide the leader with time to think
Which of the following is the LEAST appropriate technique or exercise for closing a
a. Wishes
b. Drawing out
c. Tying together
d. Moral dilemma
Which of the following is NOT typically indicated by members' body shifts and
inattention during group?
a. Interest
b. Irritation
c. Boredom
d. Confusion
Members of a group who are cooperative and committed and help further the purpose
of the group are sometimes referred to by the authors as
Describe how a leader can appropriately ask a member to leave a group?
How can a leader set a positive tone for the group?
If one member has been talking on a topic awhile, the leader might use a round to
When considering "big picture" planning for an anger management group, list four or
five issues you might want to address and WHY each might be important.
Working with adolescents in a group setting, it is important for the leader to use
activities that will provide _________________ to the sessions.
Which special skills are helpful for working with older clients, and why?
When the leader directs the behaviors, discussion, or attention of the group members by
using a specific activity, it is a/an ________________________.
When using a personal interview or a written questionnaire to screen members for a
counseling group, discuss several questions you might ask to help with your planning.
When beginning a session, if the leader does not have a good opening, long periods of
_________________ may occur which can create discomfort for the members.
In co-leading situations where leaders "flow" with each other with neither taking the
complete lead is referred to by the authors as the ________________ co-leadership
Why is it essential for the group leader to evaluate the success of the first session?
The authors use the terms group process and group ____________ to refer to the
attitudes and interaction of group members and leaders.
When working with children in a group, it is important for the leader to effectively
manage the energy level and attention span. Good use of his/her_____________ can be
an effective tool.
When screen members for a counseling or therapy group, it is often better to select
individuals with _______________ problems or issues.
In the beginning of a group, the leader can use dyads as a warm-up exercise to build
To create a sense of interrelatedness among themes, issues, and personal experiences in
the closing phase, the leader can use a technique mention called

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