Book Title
SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach (Allyn & Bacon Educational Leadership) 9th Edition

EDUC 68806

July 4, 2017
The supervisor and teacher discussed the action plan and goals that would be
implemented in the next few weeks. The supervisor used the following statement: "Do
you have any questions concerning these action plan and the accompanying goals?"
a. Directive Control
b. Collaborative
c. Directive Information
d. All of these
Collegial cultures do the following:
a. Maintains your own personal mission for instruction
b. Promotes creative thinking
c. Increases goodwill
d. All of these
Categorical instruments, performance indicator instruments, visual diagramming and
space utilization are examples of
a. quantitative observations
b. qualitative observations
c. summary observations
d. all of above
Redirecting unfavorable behaviors requires that the leader will try to change behavior
and make it functional. Which of the following roles would be appropriate?
a. Assign the dominator to be a timekeeper in the meeting.
b. Suggest that the playgirl open the meeting with a humorous story.
c. Prove for the aggressor to role-playing an opposite point of view.
d. All of above.
Ego Development, striving for meaning in one's life, was developed through the
developmental theories derived from the study of women. Which of the following
represents the ego development continuum?
a. Concrete thinking " abstract thinking " highly abstract thinking
b. Rebellious " conventional " feminist
c. Fearful " conforming " autonomous
d. All of these
The purpose of summative evaluation is to
a. determine if the teachers met minimum expectations for the organization.
b. assess the teacher accountability.
c. ascertain teacher performance.
d. all of the above.
Formative teacher evaluation emphasizes the
a. needs of teachers.
b. organization needs.
c. teaching and learning.
d. all of the above.
Planning professional development is considered the "nuts and bolts" of the supervisor's
responsibility. What is fundamental to this planning stage?
a. Investigate the setting of the presentation, which includes seating and multimedia
b. Allow the speaker to discuss his area of research and expertise instead providing a
focus point.
c. Prepare speaker on the focus for the speech.
d. Use exit forms for the participants to discuss feedback.
Assessing is defined as
a. understanding where one is presently.
b. determining where you would like to be.
c. analyzing where you have been.
d. only a and b
Which of the following ways are focused on student learning in professional
a. How do students learn literacy content?
b. How do we coordinate the planning and implementation for mentoring teachers?
c. In what ways do teachers instruct diverse populations?
d. All of the above
Step Two and Step Eight requires the teacher to provide input into the goals that were
created by the supervisor. The supervisor may ask the teacher to choose which solution
or combination that would be used to enhance instruction. Which of the following
supervisory behaviors was used in this step?
a. Presenting
b. Reinforcing
c. Clarifying
d. All of these
Fetterman and Wandersman (2007) describe empowerment evaluation, which fosters
program improvement and self -determination. Stages of the empowerment evaluation
may include which of the following:
a. Training
b. Advocacy
c. Coaching
d. Exploration
Gilligan (1979, 1982) extends Kohlberg's model of moral development to her research
on women in which of the following ways:
a. Morality is conceived in terms of relationships.
b. Morality is conceived in terms of goodness in helping others.
c. Morality recognizes the social contract to uphold individual rights.
d. All of the these
School-wide needs assessment requires coordination. Which of the following would the
supervisor use?
a. Use the same observation instrument.
b. Determine the types of instructional methods that were used.
c. Observe classroom instruction and other common areas.
d. All of above.
Guskey (2002) designed a system to evaluate professional development programs.
Which of the following levels were included?
a. Student Learning Outcomes
b. Use of New Knowledge and Skills
c. Organizational Support
d. Participants Learning and Reactions
Logical links are proposed between the relationships of the curriculum purpose,
content, organization and format. Which of the following is not accurate link?
a. Transmission is connected to application analysis, evaluation, and results only.
b. Transaction is connected to application analysis, interdisciplinary organization, and
the use of webbing.
c. Transmission is connected to knowledge comprehension, through discipline-based
organization and the use of behavioral objective.
d. All of these
How do mentors assist beginning teachers? Which of the following is appropriate?
a. Mentor discussing philosophy and biases
b. Regular meetings focused on interpersonal relationships with other faculty
c. Visit to beginning teacher's classroom on a regular basis
d. All of the above
In the middle school in an urban area, there was a need to identify ways to improve
instruction for the 15 different cultures present in the school. How would teachers
participate in an action plan?
a. Identify the needed resources
b. Develop a common understanding of one culture.
c. Provide support persons to demonstrate strategies for training
d. Visit to suburban areas and note how they are meeting the needs.
Poor quality for staff development include which of the following:
a. Administration not present
b. No teacher involvement
c. Lack of understanding of school culture
d. No team problem solving
Instructional supervision may be characterized as a
a. way to inspect and control, using directive supervisory behaviors.
b. method to achieve goals and objectives uniformly in schools.
c. systematic and collegial approach to improve student performance.
d. hierarchical approach to develop relationships between teacher and administrators.
Jacobs (1989) discusses discipline-based curriculum, which is described in the
following examples. Which of the following applies to this?
a. Separate subjects in separate time blocks during the school day
b. Traditional approaches subjects, language arts, math, science etc.
c. Interdisciplinary approaches incorporating thematic approaches
d. All of the above
Supervisors need to establish a common understanding for teachers to participate in
peer coaching. Which of the following is included in this training?
a. Understand the purpose of peer coaching.
b. Determine the procedures to be used.
c. Determine the focus during a preconference.
d. All of the above.
Supervisors provide a focus and structure for teachers to engage in inquiry methods to
improve instruction. In what areas should supervisors assist teachers in action research?
a. Understanding data
b. Establish a set of ethical guidelines in the research process
c. Provide resources
d. Provide opportunities to share action research within the school community
Where do you find the clash between the culture and dominant culture's values and
interests? Which of the following applies to this clash?
a. Norms
b. Values
c. Organizational structures
d. Assessment method
The similarities between the One-Room Schoolhouse to schools today reveal the
following components. Choose the one that applies.
a. Collaboration discourse, professional learning, and teacher training
b. Differentiation, learning styles, and student profiles
c. Institutional independence, privatization of teaching, and isolation
d. All of the above
The district has mandated that a reading intervention class for struggling students
should be established in the middle school at the start of the new school year. The
supervisor meets with the reading department to encourage ways to incorporate
strategies within this new class. The supervisor reassures the teachers to exchange
discuss genuinely their ideas. In this process, the supervisor uses which behavior?
a. Reflecting
b. Presenting
c. Encouraging
d. Reinforcing
Prior to Step 2 Observation, the supervisor must determine the method(s), which will be
used during the observation. Which of the following methods are considered?
a. Verbatim
b. Tailed observation system
c. Categorical frequencies
d. Performance indicators
Group leaders needs to have an understanding of the person roles and behaviors that
occurs within the group. Which of the following depict person roles?
a. Energizer focuses the group to make decisions.
b. Orienter clarifies the group's position.
c. Opinion giver verbalizes his/her values on the topic.
d. Gatekeeper encourages quiet persons to peak and puts limits on those who dominate
Which of the following definitions are not accurate in building community?
a. Connectedness means members of the school community should be restricted to
single role in schools.
b. Accountability means providing feedback on one's performance and assistance for
future performance.
c. Justice means treating members of the community in a fair and consistent manner.
d. All of these
Benne and Sheats (1948) describe the task roles, which will demonstrate the
functionality of the group. Which of the following descriptions are considered task
a. Informational seeker is an expert on relevant facts.
b. Encourager affirms the contributions.
c. Procedural technician takes care of logistics.
d. Harmonizer seeks to reduce tension between members.
"Well, let me see if I can summarize what has been said so far." This is a way in which
the supervisor may summarize what he/she has heard in the discussion. The supervisor
is using which of the following behaviors?
a. Listening
b. Clarifying
c. Presenting
d. Reflecting