EDUC 35159

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
Successfully closing a group session
a. requires thought and planning
b. provides members with a sense of completeness
c. can build group cohesiveness
d. all of the available choices
A leader's feeling about leading groups will definitely affect how well the group will go.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is NOT associated with 'second session let down?"
a. Excitement in the initial session
b. Disagreement with the group rules
c. Anxiety about participating in the group
d. Different energy within and between members
To set a positive tone in the first session of the group, the leader should NOT
a. cut members off or be firm.
b. start with boring group rules.
c. get everyone to share something.
d. be enthusiastic about the group beginning.
Closing formats:
A. Dyads
B. Leader summary
C. Member summary
D. Round
E. Written reaction
Using this format for closing gives members who are not comfortable sharing much
verbally the opportunity to bring closure to the session.
When leading a session, it is sometimes necessary to be flexible and deviate from a plan
when it is clear that members are not benefiting from it.
a. True
b. False
Rational Emotive Behavior Theory lends itself well to written activities.
a. True
b. False
Which of the models of co-leadership discussed requires that co-leaders carefully listen
to each other and follow each other's nonverbal cues?
a. Shared leading
b. Alternate leading
c. Apprentice model
d. All of the choices
In therapy groups, the leader is responsible for each of the following EXCEPT
a. scolding late members
b. directing the focus.
c. watching the clock.
d. providing the right atmosphere.
When a lot of "energy" is generated from an exercise, it is often helpful to place
members in dyads or triads to allow more members to express thoughts and feelings.
a. True
b. False
Group Types:
A. Clients with addictions
B. Adolescents
D. Children
E. Clients with disabilities
F. Couples
G. Divorced clients
H. Older clients
I. Survivors of sexual abuse
A leader working with this population will need to have a special understanding of
issues such as trust, intimacy, shame, guilt, and abandonment. They must also be
prepared to deal with members' pain and anger.
Leaderless support groups, leader-led support groups, and therapy groups are basic
types of groups for which of the following populations?
a. Children
b. Adolescents
c. Adult children of alcoholics (ACOA)
d. All of the choices
A. Beginning/warm-up
B. Middle/working
C. Closing
The leader asks members what stood out to them about the session.
In general, when the leader uses his eyes to scan the group, he is more likely to have a
better sense as to how members are responding to what's happening,
a. True
b. False
Possible risks of group participation include all of the following EXCEPT
a. members discovering uncomfortable things about themselves
b. members discovering uncomfortable things about their past
c. members learning new, more effective coping skills
d. members being challenged to examine the way they see themselves
The following is a good definition of the term "exercise" when used in the context of
group leadership: "When the leader directs the behaviors, discussion, or attention of the
group members by using a specific activity, it is an exercise."
a. True
b. False
In planning the middle stages of the group, the leader should consider all of the
following EXCEPT the
a. leader's needs.
b. group's purpose.
c. members' personalities.
d. all of the choices should be considered
In closing a session in which members committed themselves to take some action
outside the group, such as improving their parenting, going for a job interview, or
making a telephone call they have been avoiding, it is best not to refer to these
commitments as you summarize the session so that those members don"t feel pressured
to follow through.
a. True
b. False
Choices of names of exercises:
A. Arts and crafts
B. Common reading
C. Creative props
D. Experiential
E. Fantasy
F. Moral dilemma
G. Movement
H. Touching
A story is read to members and each has to decide how he/she would handle the
Fantasy exercises are most often used in growth and therapy groups.
a. True
b. False
Prospective group members should be informed
a. of the purpose of group
b. of the risks and benefits of group participation
c. of how group participation could impact their daily lives
d. all of the available choices
According to the authors, a leader can use information to
a. share ideas.
b. clarify issues.
c. stimulate discussion.
d. all of the available choices
A practical reason for using a long opening is to capture the interest of the members
who are present when other members have not yet arrived.
a. True
b. False
A leader must never allow a member to not participate in an exercise for fear of losing
control over the group.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is the purpose of the first session?
a. Introducing the general content of the group
b. Getting members clear about the group and how it will be conducted
c. Both of the available choices
d. Neither of the available choices
The authors of the text encourage members to make eye contact and speak to each other
for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
a. To reduce member anxiety
b. To build group cohesion
c. To get members involved
d. To create an atmosphere of belonging
According to the authors, an empty chair can be used with which of the following
a. Adlerian and Gestalt
b. Adlerian and Reality Therapy
c. Gestalt and Transactional Analysis
d. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Reality Therapy
If a member shares strong emotional material during a round, it is best if the leader
ignores this so that the remainder of the round is not disrupted.
a. True
b. False
According to the authors, group leaders who use Transactional Analysis often discuss
a. ego states
b. members' life scripts
c. games people play
d. all of the choices
Choices of names of exercises:
A. Arts and crafts
B. Common reading
C. Creative props
D. Experiential
E. Fantasy
F. Moral dilemma
G. Movement
H. Touching
Members lightly put their hands on each others' shoulders to covey positive energy to
one another.
Which of the following is NOT identified by the authors as a potential problem for a
a. Members skipping from topic to topic
b. Members trying to dominate the discussion
c. Members expressing their feelings
d. Members disliking one another
In certain kinds of groups, such as counseling and therapy groups, the leader may use
his or her voice to get members to think more complexly about an issue.
a. True
b. False
Effective drawing out can be used to
a. elicit comments.
b. ease member anxiety about speaking in the group.
c. encourage a member to more deeply explore his or her problem.
d. all of the available choices.
Feedback exercises are especially useful with members who are not very open to
hearing what others think of them.
a. True
b. False
When introducing an exercise, the leader should make certain that members understand
the ________________ of the exercise so they feel involved and cooperate rather than
What strategies should new group leaders implement to become more effective?
Why is it important for leaders to adapt exercises according to the age level, cultural
background, or level of sophistication of group members?
The benefits members may gain from group or the activities they participate in are
reflective of the group's ___________________________.
If a leader wants to connect group members so more points of view can be shared,
forming ____________________, instead of dyads, may be very va
A technique whereby the leader divides the group so that half of the members form an
inner circle that discusses and idea or issue while the other half sits in an outer circle
and listens, is called a ____________________.
When group members check their comfort level with one another and discuss what may
happen in the group, the group is in the ____________________ stage.
In a task group, when the members are working to solve an issue, the leader will usually
want to __________________the focus.
A movement exercise that involves members walking to either side of the room is often
used to help them explore their _______________.
What can the leader do when faced with a group member that she does not like?
When should a leader provide therapy in a non therapy group?
A member's disruptive behavior exhibited during a session may be indicative of his or
her behavior ______________________.
Any leader using an exercise where _______________is involved must consider the
appropriateness and comfort of all group members.
It is best to skip a _________________member when using a round.
When dealing with children and adolescents in groups where personal information is
shared among the members, one area that may be difficult to manage is that of
Describe one model of co-leadership that is discussed in the text.
How is a "recovery group" different from a 'starting over group" for divorced clients?

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