EDUC 11749

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Authors
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
Which of the following is TRUE regarding the use of dyads to draw out group
members?
a. Dyads can effectively be used to draw out group members
b. The leader can pair up with a member he wants to draw out
c. Both are true
d. Neither is true
Choices:
A. Deepening the focus
B. Establishing the focus
C. Holding the focus
D. Shifting the focus
A task group member who rarely speaks up begins to share an idea that has merit. Her
comments are taking the group in a worthwhile direction. The leader encourages her to
say more.
In Adlerian thinking, the order of birth in a family may influence some of the child's
learned behavior.
a. True
b. False
A mistake that leaders may make when planning a session is
a. varying the format of activities across the session.
b. estimating how much time to spend warming-up the members.
c. planning to conduct a deep feedback exercise in the beginning stage of group.
d. discussing the session's purpose at the very beginning of a group session.
When pairing members up, the leader should take a good deal of time explaining her
rationale for this procedure to insure that no member feels slighted.
a. True
b. False
Both dyads and rounds are helpful to accomplish each of the following EXCEPT to
a. draw out quiet members.
b. give "air time" to a negative member.
c. get certain members together.
d. build cohesion and trust among members.
There are productive and non-productive periods of silence in many groups.
a. True
b. False
In a stationary round, the leader directs members to repeatedly ask a working member
the same question, "What do you really want?" Which theory is this group using?
a. Adlerian
b. Reality Therapy
c. Transactional Analysis
d. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
In a counseling or therapy group, when a member is exploring or working through a
painful experience or memory, it is reassuring if the other members make comments
such as, "It"ll be okay; everything is going to work out" or "Don"t cry; things will get
better."
a. True
b. False
Closing formats:
A. Dyads
B. Leader summary
C. Member summary
D. Round
E. Written reaction
In this form of closing, a volunteer captures the important points of the session and
allows others to fill in anything that was missed.
Once the leader has reached the middle stage of a group, it is not a good idea to screen
out a member even if he or she is disruptive or uncooperative with the group process.
a. True
b. False
"Indirect" counseling may be a helpful technique to use in a therapy group when a
member does not feel comfortable being the focus of attention.
a. True
b. False
Choices
A. Negative tone.
B. Positive
As an introductory round, the leader asks the members to share their name and, in a
word or phrase, why they are in group. The leader then allows the first member who
responds to talk for five minutes.
Which of the following exercises would BEST stimulate member sharing about group
dynamics or the group process?
a. Fantasy
b. Arts and crafts
c. Group decision-making
d. Common reading
When conducting a "feedback" exercise, it is best to have members share the first
thoughts that come to them about other members rather than giving them time to
consider what feedback they might give.
a. True
b. False
The authors recommend that non-voluntary group members who contribute to a
negative group dynamic be
a. sent to sit outside the group and rest.
b. ignored.
c. excused early from the group.
d. Choices A & C
The leader working with group members with disabilities should be able to help
members move through the grieving process.
a. True
b. False
"Problem Member" descriptions:
A. Chronic talker
B. Distracter
C. Get-the-leader
D. Negative member
E. Rescuing member
F. Resistant member
This member rambles, repeats herself, and tells long, drawn out stories. Her stories are
often not relevant to others, and her long-windedness often prevents others from being
able to discuss their concerns.
If the leader gives appropriate thought to planning a group session, there should be no
reason to have a "back-up" plan available.
a. True
b. False
Any leader using any exercise where touching is going to be involved must consider the
appropriateness for and comfort of the members in both touching and being touched.
a. True
b. False
Exercises should never be used for fun in a group.
a. True
b. False
Sometimes members attend a first session with expectations that are not in line with the
purpose of the group. If this situation arises the leader should
a. briefly reiterate the purpose of the group.
b. change the purpose of the group.
c. engage in a long discussion about the group's purpose.
d. none of the available choices.
Practicing beyond your level of training is suggested as a way of 'stretching" your skill
level.
a. True
b. False
Closing formats:
A. Dyads
B. Leader summary
C. Member summary
D. Round
E. Written reaction
When reviewing the salient points of the session this way, some members may feel hurt
or resentful that their points were not mentioned.
When leading a 'single session" group,
a. little may be accomplished if members switch topics frequently
b. a follow-up session is always required
c. members always cooperate because they know they will be done soon
d. more therapy gets done because members know their time is limited
When a member begins crying during the session, the leader SHOULD
a. immediately attend to the member before asking if she wants help.
b. open her up further, even if there are only five minutes left in session.
c. suggest that she leave until she can control her crying and talk about it.
d. attempt to determine whether she is in pain or trying to gain sympathy from others.
The smart leader can never have too many activities planned, especially if she feels the
members might not talk.
a. True
b. False
Problems with co-leading a group arise mainly with differences with attitude, style, and
goals of the leaders.
a. True
b. False
The authors believe that a major deficit in the preparation of group leaders in many
settings is that
a. Leadership often consists of students only being members of a group
b. Leaders are taught that groups must last a specific length of time rather than be
geared to the needs of the setting.
c. Leaders in training do not get enough practice using specific skills, such as cutting
off, drawing out, holding the focus, and introducing and conducting exercises
d. All of the available choices
Skills used during the middle stages of a group;
A. Changing leadership style
B. Changing group structure
C. Introducing new topics
D. Using outside assignments
E. Using progress reports
F. Using voice
G. Varying the format
A group in the middle stage has become quite cohesive. The leader used to actively lead
the discussions, but recently has been encouraging the members to take more
responsibility for choosing topics, and drawing out and cutting off other members.
Which of the following is FALSE about leading groups of children?
a. Having short stories or puppets on hand might be useful
b. Doing individual counseling in the group can be very effective
c. Using an enthusiastic voice can infuse excitement into the group
d. Keeping clarity of purpose allows the leader to process things deeply
Which of the following is NOT an important consideration when using touching
exercises?
a. Giving an option of non-participation
b. Assessing the comfort level of members
c. Asking members to state specific objections
d. Explaining how the exercise will be conducted
Which of the following IS a good reason for leaders to participate in an exercise?
a. To focus on his own issues for a moment
b. To get a sense of the energy and focus of the group
c. To allow the members to get to know the leader better
d. To monitor the activities and discussion of the members
If the leader's lack of experience or ineffectiveness leads to long periods of silence
either because members don"t know what is expected or are afraid to talk, the group
will likely be __________________.
In open groups, where members may leave or new members enter while the group is
on-going, sharing is often less personal because members do not feel the same level of
__________ as in closed groups.
Why is it important to check for unfinished business before closing a session?
In the opening session of a growth, support, counseling or therapy group, if possible, it
is helpful if the leader can get each member to __________________.
Members should not be allowed to argue with one another unless the argument is in
some way __________________ in processing group dynamics.
How does "Impact Therapy" apply to group work?
Leaders can use the technique of drawing out to elicit greater ____________________
from group members.
To help members to focus during a session review, a leader may wish to use a visual
such as a ____________________.
Why is cutting off the most difficult leadership skill to learn and effectively use in
group?
Discuss potential member behaviors that have the potential to cause problems in group.
Why is clarity of purpose so important for single-session groups?
How can making a topic outline be helpful to a group leader when he or she is
spontaneously presented with a new topic by the group?
If a member has been rambling and repeating himself for a little while, how might the
leader use other members to cut that member off and still stay with the person? How
can other members of the group be involved in this process?
According to the authors, ____________________ exercises are among the most
versatile and useful exercise types.
The relationship developed among group members, as well as the way in which
members participate in group, defines group ______________________.
Effective leaders engage in _________________ after each session to determine the
impact of his or her role in the group.
How can the use of nonverbal signals be helpful when cutting off and when drawing out
members of a group?

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