EDU 52129

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
Which of the following is FALSE regarding dyads? The leader should
a. make sure members stay on task.
b. participate with members, if needed.
c. let people talk as much as they need to.
d. avoid pairing certain members with one another.
Skills used during the middle stages of a group;
A. Changing leadership style
B. Changing group structure
C. Introducing new topics
D. Using outside assignments
E. Using progress reports
F. Using voice
G. Varying the format
After each session, the leader asks members to do something related to what they have
discussed in group and report back on it the following week.
Spinning-off is an essential skill that
a. gives the working member a break.
b. lets the leader do some personal work.
c. allows others to comment about the working member.
d. none of the choices.
When pairing up members, it is sometimes helpful to the leader and more comfortable
for the members if they choose each other.
a. True
b. False
A. Confidentiality
B. Dual relationships
C. Ethically using exercises
D. Informing members about the group
E. Leader qualification and preparation
F. Leader's role in making referrals
A leader of a diverse group comprised of members from many different cultures
struggles to understand his clients. Though his skills are good, the group dynamics are
often effected by cultural concerns.
The authors believe that there may be times during the middle stages of a group when it
is helpful to meet with members individually to determine their reactions to the group.
a. True
b. False
If a member shares a deep personal concern in a non-therapy group, the leader should
a. ask the group if it is okay to focus on the issue.
b. calculate the amount of time remaining in the session.
c. decide if therapy is appropriate for handling the concern.
d. obtain the member's permission to work on the problem.
Which of the following is NOT recommended when drawing out a member?
a. Saying two or three members' names at once
b. Using a demanding voice with a quiet member
c. Asking members to share something that they have just written
d. Shifting gaze around the circle after briefly pausing on one member
Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the authors as a way to handle a
member's emotional reaction to an exercise?
a. Stop the exercise to focus on the member
b. Refer the member to another group that is less intense
c. Pair with the member in a dyad to discuss the reaction
d. Acknowledge the member's discomfort and continue with the exercise
When setting up a round, the leader needs to do each of the following EXCEPT
a. get it started as quickly as possible.
b. treat it like any other activity and use it carefully.
c. specify the kind of round members are responding do.
d. introduce it so that members understand the activity.
It is often a good idea not to attempt to draw out an uncommitted member because that
member might use that opportunity to set a negative tone for the group.
a. True
b. False
In this stage, which may last a few minutes or for a few sessions, members are building
trust to set the stage for meaningful sharing.
a. Closing
b. Transition
c. Beginning
d. Middle/working
A. Building trust
B. Changing the format
C. Drawing out
D. Finishing a topic
E. Involving members
F. Processing exercises
G. Warming up members
One member has not said much during the session. The leader starts a round with the
person next to that member so that she will be the last to comment. After she comments,
the leader prompts her to say a little more.
The leader can set a positive tone for a group by being enthusiastic and drawing out
members, cutting off hostile or negative interactions, and focusing on interesting topics.
a. True
b. False
The beginning stage of group is a time when group members learn new material,
thoroughly discuss various topics, complete tasks, and engage in personal sharing and
therapeutic work.
a. True
b. False
When one member suggests to another that he "Should apologize to his wife for yelling
at her, because she"ll surely take him back then", this member needs to be cut off
because she is
a. hurtful in her suggestions.
b. letting her own values dictate her comment without complete information.
c. argumentative in her interactions.
d. none of the available choices
Which of the following is NOT a reason given by the authors for using exercises in a
a. Providing fun
b. Deepening the group's focus
c. Testing members' boundaries
d. Increasing members' comfort level
One tool of Gestalt therapy is the use of the "hot seat", an electrical shock device that an
individual sits in to change a bad habit.
a. True
b. False
Couples' groups provide an opportunity for partners to do each of the following in
group EXCEPT
a. fight about problems they have.
b. strengthen the bond they have rebuilt.
c. try different communication techniques.
d. hear what other couples are dealing with.
All of the following activities would be appropriate for the first group session
a. Setting a positive tone
b. Asking members to share a lot of deep, personal information
c. Clarifying the purpose of the group
d. Helping members get over initial uneasiness about the group
A. Building trust
B. Changing the format
C. Drawing out
D. Finishing a topic
E. Involving members
F. Processing exercises
G. Warming up members
Members have been shifting in their seats and are becoming restless. The leader puts
them into dyads so they can talk with one another.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the use of feedback during the closing
stage of group?
a. Receiving final feedback from group members can be helpful.
b. Members should be given a chance to comment to one another about changes each
has made.
c. Feedback should not be given during the closing stage, as it could be hurtful.
d. Feedback can be given to confront members who are still denying problems.
A. creative use of members
B. guess the problem
C. movement round
D. indirectly working
E. role-play the member
F. spinning off
G. stationary round
Because one member does not seem to realize how his voice and body language come
across to others, the leader asks for another member to volunteer to act as the working
member so he can 'see himself."
In the beginning stage of an addictions group, the leader chooses topics and activities
pertaining to denial, treatment, and recovery. He keeps the group focused on the
individual concerns of members and provides structure to the session. Which leadership
style is being utilized?
a. Group directed and interpersonal
b. Group directed and intrapersonal
c. Leader directed and interpersonal
d. Leader directed and intrapersonal
List of theories:
A. Adlerian Theory
B. Choice/Reality Therapy
C. Gestalt Theory
E. Transactional Analysis
In a grief and loss group, the leader pulls an empty chair in front of a working member
and encourages her to say what she did not get to say to her father before he died in a
sudden accident.
The MOST important concept of group leadership is having
a. a plan.
b. a good attitude.
c. clarity of purpose.
d. knowledge of each member's issues before beginning.
Summarizing the main points of the session allows for the
a. key decisions to be highlighted.
b. impact of the session to be increased.
c. members to remember what happened.
d. all of the available choices.
Using her eyes, the leader can
a. encourage members to speak.
b. support members who are speaking.
c. discourage members from speaking.
d. all of the available choices
Rarely is it a good idea to conduct slow-moving individual counseling while members
watch and listen because they are likely to get bored.
a. True
b. False
A. Counseling
B. Discussion
C. Education
D. Growth
E. Self-help
F. Support
G. Task
A group of first-generation college students meet weekly to share their experiences
adapting to college. The leader facilitates discussions that help the students to connect
with one another so that they do not feel alone in their new environment.
It seems apparent that the future for group work is very limited and will eventually
disappear as more and more counselors are available to do individual counseling.
a. True
b. False
A common mistake made by beginning leaders is assuming that the energy of the
second session will be the same as the first and not anticipating the
When the leader provides information to the group in a brief and interesting way, he or
she is using the skill of ____________________.
A well structured group is less likely to go through a _______________ stage.
How should a leader deal with a prejudiced, narrow-minded, or insensitive group
What are the benefits of using dyads in group?
Creative activities can be used in the beginning of the session to get members'
The authors define the closing ____________ as the period of a session when the leader
wraps things up until the next meeting.
Explain how leader self-disclosure may be beneficial and when it could be detrimental
to group members.
One mistake often made by beginning leaders who wish every member in the group to
speak in the first session is to ____________________________________________.
Setting the right tone is important when _________________________ an exercise.
What steps are involved in pre-group planning?
A group member who is either seeking attention or is avoiding looking at herself is
thought of as a ___________________.
Though closely related, why should holding and shifting the group's focus be
considered separate group leadership skills?
Leaders using Adlerian theory will try to get members to identify the
____________________ of their behavior.
When an individual member has had several minutes of "air time" in this session, the
leader is probably trying to decide whether to ___________________ or
____________________ the focus.

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