Book Title
Positive Behavioral Supports for the Classroom 3rd Edition

EDU 39845

July 27, 2017
Here are three of the four assumptions of Applied Behavior Analysis: (1) A person's
past learning and biological make-up affect current behavior. (2) All voluntary behavior,
both appropriate behavior and inappropriate behavior, is governed by the same
principles. (3) Behavior is related to the environment in which it occurs. Which of the
following completes the four assumptions?
a. Punishment is the most important technique in ABA.
b. Behavior serves a purpose.
c. Some behaviors cannot be changed.
d. Biologically-based behaviors cannot be changed.
Research has shown that increasing correct academic responses can produce positive
effects on classroom behaviors.
a. true
b. false
Mr. Marks teaches his students to shoot free throws by teaching them how to stand
correctly. When they can do that, he teaches them how to hold the ball to prepare for the
shot. When they can do those two steps, he teaches them how to shoot the ball. Mr.
Marks is using which instructional technique?
a. total task presentation
b. forward chaining
c. backward chaining
d. prompted instruction
Which of the following student groups are most affected by the traditional discipline
a. minority students
b. male students
c. low income students
d. all of the above
What is a potential problem with both anecdotal reports and the ABC descriptive
a. The information is not sufficiently clear for functional assessment purposes.
b. Someone other than the teacher or paraprofessional should do the observation.
c. It takes too much time to complete them.
d. All of the above
Under a psychodynamic approach the aim is to help the individual gain insight into
internalized feelings and emotions, usually related to issues stemming from early life
a. true
b. false
Mr. Todd taught Abby to put a checkmark on her card each time she remembered to
raise her hand before speaking. Abby was using
a. self-monitoring
b. self-evaluation
c. self-instruction
d. goal setting
To avoid post-reinforcement pause, teachers should
a. avoid using reinforcement.
b. use continuous schedules of reinforcement.
c. use negative reinforcement only.
d. use variable schedules of reinforcement.
Mary is in 1st grade. She currently lives in a foster home. She had been removed from
her parents because of severe abuse. Her teacher called her foster mother because Mary
never asks for help in class. This behavior was causing her to fall behind in her work.
Which of the following could explain Mary's behavior?
a. does not like school
b. acquisition deficits in social skills
c. speech problems
d. none of the above
Micah comes to school and seems to cause trouble all during the day. However, some of
his teachers say that he does very well in their classes. What type of social skills
assessment should be used to gather information.
a. observations
b. self reports
c. standardized tests
d. all of the above
Ms. Feldman uses direct teach to teach her students math skills. This means Ms.
Feldman uses which of the following steps in her lessons?
a. Gain students' attention and review previously learned material.
b. Have students conduct experiments to discover math computation formulas.
c. Present information in small steps.
d. a and c only
Colin smiled when he got his history test back. Any grade higher than a "C" made him
feel great. The success Colin felt is what type of reinforcement?
a. primary reinforcement
b. secondary reinforcement
c. intrinsic reinforcement
d. all of the above
When Ms. Smith develops procedures for her classroom, she breaks each procedure
down into its
a. relationship to classroom rules.
b. effect on classroom behavior.
c. component parts.
d. all of the above.
Sally is in the 4th grade. She does not have any friends. She stays to herself during
recess, and she seldom talks during large or small group work in the classroom. Which
of the following should be the ultimate goal of her social skills instruction?
a. specific social skills instruction
b. social competence
c. requiring her to talk to peers
d. a & c
In choosing behaviors to reinforce in a differential reinforcement of alternative
behaviors system, the alternative behavior should:
a. serve the same function as the inappropriate behavior.
b. be just as easy to perform as the inappropriate behavior.
c. result in reinforcement that is just as frequent, and intense as the reinforcement that
currently exists for the inappropriate behavior.
d. all of the above
Unconditioned, or unlearned aversive stimuli, might include anything that causes pain.
a. true
b. false
Sunshine School has a school store. Students may not use money to buy items in the
store. They use Spirit Bucks that they earn by following school and classroom rules and
procedures. What type of reinforcement system does the Sunshine School use?
a. primary reinforcers
b. token economy
c. differential reinforcement
d. all of the above
Role play is an excellent way to teach rules and procedures to
a. students of all ages.
b. pre-k students.
c. elementary age students.
d secondary age students.
The SW-PBIS team is responsible for many duties. The team is most productive when
they have which of the following elements?
a. Structured meetings, including an agenda for each meeting.
b. Meeting times that are flexible, meeting only as needed.
c. Loosely defined roles for each team member.
d. all of the above
The hypotheses formulated from an FBA serve as a template for developing an
intervention plan.
a. true
b. false
Every time Mr. Green rings a small bell at his desk, his students look at him. This is
called what type of stimulus control?
a. s - delta
b. incomplete
c. complete
d. none of the above
Reactive measures save instructional time for teachers and administrators.
a. true
b. false
New teachers are well advised to write detailed lesson plans, even scripts, that include
how they will explain skills or concepts, examples they will use for modeling, questions
they will ask to assess student learning, expected student responses, and how they will
correct student errors.
a. true
b. false
When a student in Ms. Smith's class tantrums, it seems that it takes forever for the
tantrum to end. What type of data would result in the information about this behavior?
a. interval
b. event
c. duration
d. time sampling
Brad is in the 10th grade. He is shy around girls. Many of the other boys and some of
the girls tease him about being shy. He will ignore the girls, but he will often fight the
boys when he is teased. Which of the following best explains why sometimes he can
ignore teasing, but not other times?
a. acquisition deficits
b. performance deficits
c. fluency deficits
d. all of the above
Self-reinforcement is not recommended for use with students with disabilities.
a. true
b. false
Which of the following practice activities have been shown to be effective for students
with disabilities?
a. Peer tutoring and computer assisted instruction
c. Homework and cooperative learning
d. Learning centers and instructional games
e. none of the above
Which of the following teacher behaviors may interfere with productive relationships
with families?
a. early contact with parents
b. contacting parents only when there is a problem
c. acting authoritative with parents
d. b and c
Mr. Brent examined the graph of data for a replacement behavior and noted that the line
had moved up for 7 consecutive data periods, but today the graphs took a sharp move
downward, away from the goal. What should Mr. Brent do now?
a. continue to monitor the progress of the plan; if the downward movement continues,
the intervention may need to be modified.
b. stop the plan.
c. give up.
d. none of the above
Which of the following terms refers to the time that teachers schedule for instructional
a. available time
b. engaged time
c. allocated time
d. academic learning time
Most teachers and other caregivers continually use ___________ variations of FBA to
make decisions about challenging behavior.
a. formal
b. informal
c. occasional
d. none of the above
Acquisition deficits are those skills the student has never learned to use, use correctly,
or use in appropriate contexts.
a. true
b. false