EDU 28089

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills 8th Edition
Christine J. Schimmel, Ed E. Jacobs, Riley L. Harvill, Robert L. L. Masson
In solution-focused counseling, the "miracle question" refers to how a member's
religious beliefs fit into the counseling process.
a. True
b. False
In the leadership model presented in your textbook, the authors believe it is best to cut
off arguments quickly because they are usually not productive and are often detrimental
to the group.
a. True
b. False
Which is FALSE about leading the middle stage of a group?
a. It is okay for the leader to plan only one exercise or activity.
b. It is okay for the leader to change the structure of the group.
c. It is okay for the leader to change his or her leadership style.
d. It is okay for the leader to invite an interesting speaker to talk to the group.
A. Cutting off
B. Drawing out
One member frequently tries to make others feel better by telling others that, "Things
will be okay."
Which of the following could the leader do to shift the focus from group process to
a. Present new information
b. Begin a group exercise
c. Introduce an issue for discussion
d. All of the available choices
A. Negative tone.
B. Positive
A leader began group with a scaling exercise, asking all of the members to briefly share
their name, and to rate their comfort level in the group on a scale of 1-10.
Which of the following groups would NOT be appropriate for a school setting?
a. Probation or parole
b. Assertiveness
c. Living with a chemically addicted person
d. Study skills
When a member is leaving a group before the group has ended, it is best to ignore the
situation to avoid generating hard feelings.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is FALSE regarding group evaluation?
a. Evaluation can provide leaders with useful information.
b. Evaluations should be conducted frequently and with rigor.
c. Group leaders should self-evaluate after each session.
d. It is important to evaluate how the group has had an impact upon members' behavior.
When cutting-off a member, the leader should
a. stare at the member being cut off.
b. allow another member to tell the talkative one to 'shut up."
c. mini-lecture about the importance of sticking to the topic at hand.
d. use her voice and eyes to signal that the focus is about to be shifted.
When working with children and adolescents, it is better to use a "leader-oriented"
model of leadership than a facilitator model.
a. True
b. False
Phase of an exercise:
A. introducing
B. conducting
C. processing
Intervening between two members who are talking about unrelated subject matter
would occur in this phase.
When dealing with negative members, the leader should NOT
a. ask the negative member to sit quietly.
b. avoid eye contact with the negative member.
c. confront the negative member during the group session.
d. talk to the negative member outside of group about his negativity.
A. Confidentiality
B. Dual relationships
C. Ethically using exercises
D. Informing members about the group
E. Leader qualification and preparation
F. Leader's role in making referrals
This leader finished her Master's degree last semester and has no experience leading
groups. Her new job requires her to lead a therapy group for clients with schizophrenia.
In a group with members who have different cultural backgrounds, the leader will
sometimes ask a member how his culture might deal with a topic being discussed.
a. True
b. False
In transactional analysis theory, ego states are developed as a result of the "messages"
children get while growing up in a family situation.
a. True
b. False
To become an effective group leader, these authors recommend
a. setting counseling theory aside and focusing on process.
b. organizing sessions so that the intended topics are covered.
c. leading difficult groups first to quickly gain experience.
d. using the group he or she is leading to work on unresolved issues.
During the middle stage of a group is a time for the leader to assess the members' levels
of interest and commitment.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is NOT true of experiential exercises?
a. They provide equal benefit for all members.
b. They are often active and challenging by nature.
c. They generate interest and energy for members.
d. They give members a new and different experience.
It is helpful and perhaps essential for a leader of a divorce recovery group to have a
thorough knowledge of grief counseling and not be afraid of the emotional pain that
may be exhibited when working with recently divorced individuals.
a. True
b. False
Most counseling, therapy, support, and growth groups do NOT experience a transition
a. True
b. False
If a leader decides that the purpose of a group should change to be more relevant to the
members' needs, it is important that she advise the members that she is making this shift
and give members a rationale.
a. True
b. False
When conducting an exercise, the leader should pay special attention to all of the
following EXCEPT to members who
a. laugh when instructed not to.
b. react intensely to an exercise or topic.
c. share very little with others in discussion.
d. talk with a partner about something unrelated to the purpose.
When doing a round as a technique to encourage members to talk, it's best to insist each
member say something, even if only a single word.
a. True
b. False
Which of the following is TRUE about leading the middle stage of a group?
a. Finishing an activity is more important than processing it
b. Backup plans are not needed if the leader plans one good activity
c. The majority of group time should be spent in the working phase
d. The leader should focus extensively on one member of the group
Phase of an exercise:
A. introducing
B. conducting
C. processing
Deepening the focus is important during this phase.
In _____________________ groups, members are given the opportunity to explore and
develop personal goals, and better understand themselves and others.
A leader focused largely on group process and the "here and now" has a/an
________________________ leadership style.
When working with children under the age of seven, the authors suggest that much of
the time in group should be spent in _____________.
According to the authors, having a strong knowledge of theory as applied to individual
counseling is most helpful when leading ____________________ and
____________________ groups.
When a leader abruptly cuts off a member, appropriately or inappropriately, fails to
return to a member after promising to do so, or is not skilled enough to control the
group, she may create a problem situation for herself known as ____________-
_____________- ______________.
Members who will miss the closeness of the group and have trouble saying "good-bye"
may be dealing with feelings of ____________________.
Because members are becoming acquainted with one another, the ____________ phase
may need to be longer in the first session.
Briefly describe the value of "cutting-off" a member who has rambled or gotten away
from the particular topic the group is focused on.
According to the authors, in most instances, the group rules should be set by the
When the leader's role is to help members generate options and make decisions, there is
a good chance she is leading a ____________________ group.
The authors suggest the use of ________________ and exercises to establish the focus
of a group session.
Clarity of purpose is most important in ____________________ groups.
Why do the authors advocate for a leader-directed model of group counseling?
What are the possible consequences of forcing group participation on a member who is
not ready for the experience?
Why is the designated word or phrase round particularly useful in counseling and
therapy groups?
What can the leader do to help members transition back to the "real world" when the
group closes?
What role does commitment play in the development of group process?
Because not everyone is appropriate for every group, the authors indicate that pre-group
_________________ is essential.
If a _________________ tone is set during the first two sessions, members may never
come to trust one another enough to share personal information about themselves.

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