Counseling Chapter 2 What Law Conferred Criminal Jurisdiction Indian Country Six State Governments Well The

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
An Introduction to Policing 9th Edition
Authors
John S. Dempsey, Linda S. Forst, Steven B. Carter
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Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. Law enforcement in the United States has developed over the years based on a philosophy of uniform national control.
a.
True
b.
False
2. Hawaii is the only state in the United States without a primary state police agency.
a.
True
b.
False
3. With the creation of the Department of Homeland Security after 9/11, the U.S.A. Patriot Act authorized the combining
of many federal agencies as one department to combat terrorist threats.
a.
True
b.
False
4. In the United States, most local police departments are small, with about 53 percent employing fewer than 10 sworn
officers.
a.
True
b.
False
5. Only 12 percent of local police departments in the United States use bicycle patrols.
a.
True
b.
False
6. Interpol, the International Criminal Police Organization, is the worldwide investigative and enforcement agency.
a.
True
b.
False
7. After the recession of 2008, volunteers became an important part of most local U.S. police departments.
a.
True
b.
False
8. The Phoenix Police Department bars its officers from stopping people for the sole purpose of determining immigration
status.
a.
True
b.
False
9. The largest local police department is the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), with over 36,000 sworn officers.
a.
True
b.
False
10. The NCIS is the investigative arm of the U.S. Army.
a.
True
b.
False
11. When last reported, women accounted for 34 percent of federal law enforcement employees.
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a.
True
b.
False
12. The FBI is the national police force of the United States.
a.
True
b.
False
13. The Alaskan Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program provides all Alaskan villages with a fully armed police
presence.
a.
True
b.
False
14. The exclusive governmental power to make or enforce laws in American Indian country is completely in the hands of
tribal governments; federal and state governments have no power in Indian country.
a.
True
b.
False
15. Most academic and professional studies of policing have focused on municipal departments because this is where the
“action” is in the world of law enforcement.
a.
True
b.
False
16. In the United States, law enforcement has developed over the years based on a philosophy of local control.
a.
True
b.
False
17. In the United States, the creation of laws and the power to enforce them have traditionally been matters for the federal
government, not the states.
a.
True
b.
False
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
18. In 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice ordered prosecutors in 33 states to intensify efforts to combat
____________on Indian reservations, particularly offenses on women and children.
a.
alcoholism and drug addiction
b.
divorce
c.
theft
d.
violent crime
19. Which piece of legislation expanded federal criminal jurisdiction in Indian country in such areas as guns,
violent juveniles, drugs, and domestic violence?
a.
1994 Crime Act
b.
Public Law 83-280
c.
Hate Crime Statistics Act
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d.
Controlled Substances Act
20. What institution is responsible for the investigation of counterfeit U.S. currency?
a.
FBI
b.
Secret Service
c.
Internal Revenue Service
d.
Organized Crime and Racketeering Unit
21. The largest county police departmentnot a sheriff’s officein the United States is the MiamiDade
County (Florida) department. It has approximately how many sworn officers?
a.
1,500
b.
2,500
c.
2,000
d.
3,000
22. Many metropolitan police departments are supplemented by special jurisdiction police agencies. The largest
special jurisdiction agency in the United States is the ________.
a.
Dallas Area Rapid Transit
b.
Philadelphia Public School Police
c.
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
d.
California Parks and Wildlife
23. Which organization maintains the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) as a national
clearinghouse of criminal justice information?
a.
Treasury Department
b.
Census Bureau
c.
National Institute of Justice
d.
IRS
24. The program that provides an annual compilation of all crimes reported to local police is called the
________.
a.
National Crime Registry
b.
Annual Crime Digest
c.
Uniform Crime Reports
d.
FBI Crime Clock
25. Which department acts as the U.S. representative to Interpol?
a.
U.S. Treasury Department
b.
Department of Homeland Security
c.
Department of Defense
d.
Department of Justice
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26. Which of the following institutions is part of the Department of Justice?
a.
Secret Service
b.
U.S. Postal Service
c.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
d.
National Park Service
27. The majority of law enforcement agencies in America are ___________.
a.
local
b.
federal
c.
state
d.
private
28. Which of the following is NOT a common duty of a state police officer?
a.
highway patrol
b.
traffic enforcement
c.
patrol of small towns
d.
serve civil process
29. Racial and ethnic minorities constitute approximately ________percent of full-time sworn personnel in local
police departments.
a.
10
b.
27
c.
36
d.
48
30. What law conferred criminal jurisdiction in Indian country to six state governments as well as the federal
government?
a.
Senate Bill 2845
b.
House Bill 2845
c.
Tribal Law 121-440
d.
Public Law 83-280
31. Which of the following federal agencies is the oldest?
a.
U.S. Postal Service
b.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
c.
Central Intelligence Agency
d.
U.S. Marshals Service
32. Among local departments, women account for approximately __________ percent of sworn personnel.
a.
12
b.
20
c.
30
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d.
40
33. In what year was Interpol founded?
a.
1923
b.
1938
c.
1941
d.
1945
34. The FBI was created when President __________ directed his attorney general to develop an investigative
unit within the Justice Department.
a.
Woodrow Wilson
b.
Herbert Hoover
c.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
d.
Theodore Roosevelt
35. What is the primary legal and prosecutorial arm of the U.S. government?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
b.
National Institute of Justice
c.
Department of Homeland Security
d.
Department of Justice
36. Which of the following institutions is responsible for the transporting of federal prisoners and the security of
federal courthouses?
a.
Federal Protection Bureau
b.
U.S. Marshals Service
c.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
d.
Federal Protective Service
37. As of 2012, which of the following tribe and state pairings included the largest Indian law enforcement
agency, with 393 full-time officers?
a.
Seminole tribe, Florida
b.
Cherokee tribe, Oklahoma
c.
Navajo tribe, Arizona
d.
Stillaguamish tribe, Washington
38. According to the latest statistics, what percentage of public and private four-year colleges and universities
use an emergency email mass alert system on campus?
a.
15 percent
b.
55 percent
c.
80 percent
d.
100 percent
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39. With over 7,000 sworn officers, which of the following is the largest state law enforcement agency?
a.
New York State Police
b.
Texas Department of Public Safety
c.
California Highway Patrol
d.
Pennsylvania State Police
40. With over 36,000 sworn employees, this city has the largest local police department in the United States.
a.
Los Angeles
b.
New York City
c.
Houston
d.
Chicago
41. Which of the following states does NOT have a state law enforcement agency?
a.
Hawaii
b.
Alaska
c.
Montana
d.
Arizona
42. The U.S. Department of Justice is under control of the ________.
a.
Secretary of State
b.
Secretary of Homeland Security
c.
FBI director
d.
U.S. Attorney General
43. What federal department operates the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) as its research arm?
a.
Department of Defense
b.
Treasury Department
c.
Department of Justice
d.
Department of Homeland Security
44. According to the text, _______ percent of local police departments assign officers to a multiagency drug
task force.
a.
22
b.
35
c.
48
d.
51
45. Which of the following is a state law enforcement system that combines the duties of major criminal
investigations with the patrol of state highways and small towns into one agency?
a.
decentralized model
b.
combined model
c.
centralized model
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d.
total model
46. The federal Witness Security Program, popularly known as witness protection, is administered by the
________.
a.
U.S. Marshals Service
b.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
c.
Immigration and Naturalization Service
d.
Customs Service
47. Which of the following is considered a special jurisdiction agency?
a.
Transit police
b.
College and university police
c.
Parks and wildlife police
d.
All of the above
48. In the United States, ________ percent of local police departments have 25 or fewer officers.
a.
23
b.
37
c.
53
d.
87
49. Which of the following was the first state to combat illegal immigration by creating a law that demanded
immigrants carry identity documents legitimizing their presence within U.S. borders?
a.
New Mexico
b.
Texas
c.
California
d.
Arizona
50. The National Center for Rural Law Enforcement (NCRLE) is a part of what university?
a.
University of Arizona
b.
University of Wyoming
c.
University of Arkansas
d.
University of Nebraska
51. The FBI falls under the purview of which federal institution?
a.
Department of Defense
b.
Department of Justice
c.
Internal Revenue Service
d.
Department of the Army
52. The National Crime Information Center (NCIC) is operated by what federal agency?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
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b.
Treasury Department
c.
Central Intelligence Agency
d.
Department of Homeland Security
53. Most college and university campus law enforcement agencies have working relationships with
__________.
a.
federal law enforcement
b.
state law enforcement
c.
local law enforcement
d.
international law enforcement
54. Which national database contains information on outstanding warrants and criminal histories?
a.
National Crime Information Center
b.
Uniform Crime Reports
c.
Interpol
d.
Library of Congress
55. What is the primary mission of the U.S. Secret Service?
a.
traffic enforcement
b.
protect the president
c.
respond to terrorism
d.
infrastructure protection
56. The International Criminal Police Organization, Interpol, is headquartered in which country?
a.
England
b.
Switzerland
c.
The United States
d.
France
57. The FBI consists of approximately how many special agents nationally?
a.
1,100
b.
6,000
c.
12,500
d.
34,000
Enter the appropriate word(s) to complete the statement.
58. Historically, __________ police departments were developed to deal with the growing crime in nonurban areas of the
state.
59. Since the 2008 recession in the United States, law enforcement has seen a trend toward ____________ of police
services as a cost-saving measure.
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60. The Department of the Treasury has administrative control over the section of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that
investigates crime. The investigative arm of the IRS is called the __________.
61. Every few years, the Bureau of Justice Statistics attempts to create a clear picture of the U.S. law enforcement industry
as part of its _________________ program.
62. After warning in 2004 that a key federal agency lacked the resources to protect our national parks and monuments, the
Fraternal Order of Police argued for management changes and a bigger budget for the _______________.
63. In response to law enforcement’s need for more flexible, in-depth data, the Unified Crime Reports (UCR) formulated
the __________, which presents comprehensive, detailed information about crime incidents to law enforcement,
researchers, governmental planners, students of criminal justice, and the general public.
64. The four major U.S. cabinet departments that administer most federal law enforcement agencies and personnel
are__________, __________, __________, and __________.
65. Rural and small-town law enforcement agencies engage in __________ programs with neighboring agencies, coming
to one another’s aid when necessary.
66. The U. S. __________ is in charge of the enforcement of the laws regarding counterfeiting of U.S. currency.
67. __________ is the worldwide organization established for the development of cooperation among nations regarding
common police problems.
68. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) falls under the control of __________________.
69. ____________ has the most full-time state and local law enforcement employees in the United States, with over
126,000 officers.
70. The __________ offers consultative services on cold-case serial homicides, as well as several other types of cases.
71. Would you approve a strategic operation like Operation Fast and Furious to potentially eliminate a criminal
organization? Why or why not?
72. Summarize the reasons for the reorganization of the Federal Bureau of Investigation after 9/11 and the organizational
changes that were made.
73. Identify reasons for the emergence of gangs in small towns and strategies that can be used to combat them.
74. Compare and contrast the duties of metropolitan and county law enforcement.
75. Identify some strategies police departments have used to continue providing services when budgets are reduced.
76. What are special jurisdictional police departments, and what exactly do they do?
77. Explain the role of Interpol in policing and its relationship to U.S. police departments.
78. A controversial issue in current law enforcement is the cooperation and escalating involvement of local police with
federal immigration officials in enforcing immigration laws. Should local officers assist immigration authorities? Why, or
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why not?
79. Explain why small-town and rural police officers may find it more difficult to decompress than their counterparts in
larger metropolitan areas.
80. Explain the jurisdictional confusion in policing Indian country.
81. Discuss how joint federal and local task forces operate and give some examples of their use.
82. Explain the differences between the centralized and decentralized models of state law enforcement.
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52. a
53. c
54. a
55. b
56. d
57. c
58. state
59. civilianization
60. Criminal Investigation Division (CID)
CID (Criminal Investigation Division)
Criminal Investigation Division
CID
61. Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics
LEMAS
Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS)
62. U.S. Park Police
63. National Incident-Based Reporting System
NIBRS
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
64. Department of Justice, Department of the Treasury, Department of Homeland Security, Department of the Interior (in
any order)
65. mutual assistance
66. Secret Service
67. Interpol
68. The U.S. Department of Justice.
69. California
70. FBI’s National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC)
NCAVC (FBI’s National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime)
FBI’s National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime
NCAVC
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