Counseling Chapter 15 Agency Fema National Counterterrorism Center Nctc Department Homeland Security Dhs What Federal

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
An Introduction to Policing 9th Edition
Authors
John S. Dempsey, Linda S. Forst, Steven B. Carter
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Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. In a 2006 Harris Interactive poll, a majority of Americans reported that they were more concerned with individual
liberties and in favor of decreasing surveillance of suspected terrorists through cameras, banking records, and cell phones.
a.
True
b.
False
2. The Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF) concept involves the melding of personnel and talent from various law
enforcement agencies.
a.
True
b.
False
3. Theodore Kaczynski is also known as the Unabomber.
a.
True
b.
False
4. Local law enforcement agencies are usually the first responders to scenes of terrorist crimes.
a.
True
b.
False
5. The New York City Police Department’s tactical plan Operation Torch, consisting of officers from the Emergency
Service Unit, is carried out on the waterfront of New York City.
a.
True
b.
False
6. In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, state and local agencies are being asked by the FBI to play
a reduced role in response to terrorist incidents and in gathering intelligence.
a.
True
b.
False
7. Eric Robert Rudolph was arrested and charged with the bombing that occurred in Centennial Olympic Park at the
Atlanta Olympic Games.
a.
True
b.
False
8. The terrorist watchlist is maintained by each individual airline so they may know who is not permitted to fly.
a.
True
b.
False
9. In 1998, Earth Liberation Front (ELF) members were linked to the destruction of the Vail Ski Resort in Colorado, a fire
that caused $12 million in damage.
a.
True
b.
False
10. In 2006, President Bush signed the USA Patriot Reauthorization Act of 2005, which made only certain sections (I, II,
and IV) of the 2001 act permanent.
a.
True
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b.
False
11. According to researchers presenting at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of
Science in February 2008, domestic extremists who commit violence in the name of their cause (for example, abortion or
the environment) account for very little of the damage from terrorist incidents in the United States.
a.
True
b.
False
12. According to Jim Ruiz and Kathleen H. Winters, the lack of interagency communication before 9/11 was a by-product
of multiple federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies failing to share the intelligence they had gathered on
terrorism with other departments and even within their own agencies.
a.
True
b.
False
13. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States is popularly known as the 9/11 Commission.
a.
True
b.
False
14. Timothy J. McVeigh was stopped in Kansas at a DWI checkpoint and was immediately arrested for and charged with
the Oklahoma City bombing.
a.
True
b.
False
15. Many experts believe that highly organized and cohesive groups of extremists may pose the most urgent threat to the
United States.
a.
True
b.
False
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
16. The US-VISIT program helps to ________.
a.
secure U.S. borders by facilitating legitimate travel and trade
b.
detect immigrants who are in the United States illegally and who might be terrorists
c.
make airline travel safe through increased security measures
d.
secure U.S. borders through a military presence at shipping ports
17. Before the September 11, 2001, attack, the most recent case of international terrorism to occur on U.S.
shores took place on _________.
a.
February 26, 1993
b.
January 17, 1987
c.
August 12, 1967
d.
there was no act of international terrorism committed on U.S. shores prior to September 11, 2001
18. Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF) operate as part of which agency?
a.
National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
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b.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
c.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
d.
U.S. Secret Service
19. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States heavily criticized the government for
numerous failures that the commission claimed were largely caused by _________
a.
the president’s refusal to leave Iraq
b.
the president’s refusal to meet with Iranian leaders
c.
political wrangling and bureaucracy
d.
local law enforcement’s failure to get on board with Homeland Security
20. The _____________ has the statutory mission to serve as the U.S. government’s knowledge bank on
international terrorism and to provide the Department of State with required statistical information.
a.
NCTC
b.
NCIC
c.
TCIC
d.
ACISC
21. Reactive investigative methods are used to investigate acts of terrorism after they occur and can include
_______.
a.
crime scene processing and analysis
b.
following up on leads and tips
c.
surveillance
d.
All of these choices.
22. Employees of which agency have the dual mission of protecting the nation’s leaders and investigating
crimes in specialized fields such as information technology?
a.
Office of the Secretary
b.
U.S. Secret Service
c.
U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
d.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
23. Which agency is usually the first responder to a scene of a terrorist crime?
a.
The local law enforcement agency
b.
U.S. Secret Service
c.
U.S. Marshals
d.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
24. The Office of Homeland Security was replaced by which new agency?
a.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
b.
National Counterterrorism Center NCTC)
c.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
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d.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
25. Members of what type of terrorist group include animal rights advocates, supporters of environmental
issues, and antiabortion advocates?
a.
Right-wing
b.
Left-wing
c.
Special-interest
d.
Union extremist
26. What cabinet-level department, established in 2003, merged 22 previously disparate domestic agencies into
one department to protect the United States from threats to the homeland?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
b.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
c.
National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
d.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
27. What federal building was bombed in Oklahoma City?
a.
Lyndon B. Johnson Building
b.
Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building
c.
John F. Kennedy Building
d.
Harrison Watts Building
28. Which agency is responsible for preventing losses from disasters wherever possible and assisting when they
do happen?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
b.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
c.
National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
d.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
29. All of the following are consider American domestic terrorist groups except _______.
a.
ALF
b.
Sovereign Citizens
c.
ELF
d.
IRA
30. Even after the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, most state and local law enforcement administrators
continued to view terrorism primarily as a(n) ____________ threat.
a.
localized
b.
international
c.
federal
d.
distant
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31. During the 1960s and 1970s, the groups that presented the most serious problem in the United States in
terms of violence and terrorism included _______.
a.
radical hate groups and militant student/antiwar groups
b.
religious groups
c.
unions
d.
right-wing extremist groups
32. The US-VISIT program is part of which agency?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
b.
U.S. Department of Defense
c.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
d.
U.S. Coast Guard
33. The mission of the Office of Homeland Security was to _________.
a.
respond with technical and scientific personnel and equipment to assist in the mitigation of the health
concerns arising from biological terrorism
b.
provide technical assistance to locate hidden nuclear material and advise local authorities on the
associated hazards and effects
c.
develop and coordinate the implementation of a comprehensive national strategy to secure the United
States from threats and attacks
d.
coordinate U.S. resources in response to a terrorist incident in a foreign country, should that
government request such assistance
34. Executive Order 13228, signed on October 8, 2001, established the ________.
a.
U.S. Department of Energy
b.
Public Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
c.
Federal Emergency Management Administration
d.
Office of Homeland Security
35. Project BioShield was created in 2004 to help the United States _________.
a.
ensure that every American receives a vaccination against anthrax
b.
purchase, develop, and deploy cutting-edge defenses against biological weapons attacks
c.
develop cures for diseases caused by agents of biological terrorism
d.
All of these choices.
36. Where did the 2009 attack committed by Major Nidal Malik Hasan, which killed 13 people and wounded 30
others, take place?
a.
Fort Dix
b.
Fort Hood
c.
Fort Sill
d.
Fort Leavenworth
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37. The Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF) address complex problems inherent in terrorism investigations by
combining resources and personnel from __________.
a.
various state agencies
b.
all the federal agencies under the DHS umbrella
c.
state and local agencies
d.
federal, state, and local agencies
38. Proactive methods are in use constantly to prevent acts of terrorism before they occur. Such methods include
_________.
a.
ongoing and coordinated planning
b.
intelligence gathering
c.
investigating activity by various agencies
d.
All of the above.
39. Which agency is responsible for providing efficient immigration services and easing the transition of
immigrants to permanent residence and, finally, American citizenship?
a.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
b.
U.S. Secret Service
c.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
d.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
40. “The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the
civilian population, or a segment thereof, in the furtherance of political or social objectives” is the definition the
FBI uses to define _______
a.
counterterrorism
b.
cyber-terrorism
c.
terrorism
d.
intelligence
41. What act established the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) within the Department of
Transportation to protect the nation’s transportation systems and ensure freedom of movement for people and
commerce?
a.
Johnson Act of 2003
b.
Homeland Security Act
c.
Rogers Act
d.
Aviation and Transportation Security Act
42. What year was the first terrorist attack on New York City’s World Trade Center?
a.
1980
b.
1986
c.
1993
d.
2000
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43. Which agency has traditionally been the lead federal agency in the response to and investigation of
terrorism?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
b.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
c.
National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
d.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
44. Which agency is the primary organization in the U.S. government for integrating and analyzing all
intelligence pertaining to terrorism and counterterrorism and for conducting strategic operational planning by
integrating all instruments of national power?
a.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
b.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
c.
National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
d.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
45. Which law expanded the FBI’s wiretapping and electronic surveillance authority and allowed nationwide
jurisdiction for search warrants and electronic surveillance devices?
a.
USA Patriot Act
b.
Executive Order 13228
c.
Civil Rights Act of 1991
d.
All of these choices.
46. Groups or individuals who operate without foreign direction entirely within the United States and target
elements of the U.S. government or citizens are called _______
a.
counterterrorists
b.
cyber-terrorists
c.
domestic terrorists
d.
intelligence terrorists
47. In 2005, the DHS reported that the top terrorist threat against the United States today is from ideologically
driven actors, particularly ___________.
a.
al Qaeda
b.
Mujahideen
c.
Hamas
d.
Hezbollah
48. The U.S. Coast Guard, which is a military branch of the U.S. armed forces and is on the front lines of
maritime security efforts, patrols _________.
a.
only international waters
b.
only American coasts, ports, and waterways
c.
both international waters and American coasts, ports, and waterways
d.
international waters only at the request of a foreign government
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49. In 2008, marketed as “built green” in Seattle, Washington.
a.
ABORTS
b.
CTS
c.
ABC
d.
ELF
50. This group believes that they are separate from the government of the United States.
a.
Sovereign Citizen Movement
b.
Earth Liberation Front
c.
Animal Liberation Front
d.
Department of Justice
Enter the appropriate word(s) to complete the statement.
51. National security letters are information requests issued by local officials who certify that the information is relevant
to an international terrorism or foreign intelligence investigation.
52. The _______ gives law enforcement personnel new abilities to search, seize, detain, and eavesdrop in their pursuit of
possible terrorists.
53. The _____ is on the front lines of the nation’s efforts to secure air transportation from terrorism.
54. The bombing in Centennial Olympic Park at the Atlanta Olympics Games is an example of which type of terrorism?
55. The __________ authorizes search warrants and electronic surveillance in terrorism and spying cases.
56. extremist groups generally profess a revolutionary socialist doctrine and view themselves as protectors of the
American people against capitalism and imperialism.
57. One of three threats identified by the FBI is the threat from international radical extremists, such as those who
attacked the World Trade Center in 1995.
58. A major drawback in the use of biological weapons is that they cannot be .
59. The concept of single-focused investigative units that meld personnel and talent from various law enforcement
agencies is called .
60. In 2008, Congress overhauled the Act to bring federal surveillance statutes into closer alignment with what the
government had been secretly doing. The legislation essentially legalized certain aspects of the National Security
Agency’s (NSA’s) surveillance program.
61. Groups such as the and the , using violent actions, have released caged animals into the wild, targeted buildings where
experimentation on animals has been conducted, damaged vehicles they feel are not environmentally friendly, and burned
down new residential communities, in an effort to force various segments of society, including the general public, to
change their attitudes about issues these groups consider important.
62. The was created in 2005 to unite America’s national security intelligence under one umbrella. It was based on the 9/11
Commission report, which recommended the creation of a single intelligence director for the United States.
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63. In 2009, President Obama merged the Homeland Security Council with creating the National Security Staff.
64. The NYPD tactical plan known as consists of officers from the Emergency Service Unit who are outfitted in heavy
bullet-resistant vests and Kevlar helmets, carry automatic weapons including M-4 rifles or MP5 submachine guns, and are
utilized to combat potential terrorism.
65. A center is defined as a collaborative effort of two or more agencies that provide resources, expertise, and information
to the center with the goal of maximizing its ability to detect, prevent, investigate, and respond to criminal and terrorist
activity.
66. is an investigatory term used for covertly following subjects in an investigation and recording their activities.
67. How does the USA Patriot Act support homeland security?
68. Discuss various ways in which the U.S. government immediately responded to the September 11, 2001, terrorist
attacks.
69. Describe and discuss the FBI’s reorganization and change in strategic focus following the September 11 attacks.
70. Identify and discuss the three methods of preventing and detecting acts of terrorism or investigating them when they
occur.
71. Are police departments spending too many resources on terrorism? Why or why not?
72. Define the term homeland security and explain how it is applied in the United States.
73. Explain why acts of terrorism are considered a local problem that must be addressed by local authorities and give
some examples of what local law enforcement agencies are doing to combat terrorism.
74. Discuss domestic terrorism and give examples of domestic terrorist incidents and the groups who committed them.
75. Explain the debate over the USA Patriot Act.
76. Define terrorism and discuss why some people use terrorist tactics.
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52. USA Patriot Act
53. Transportation Security Administration (TSA), TSA (Transportation Security Administration), Transportation
Security Administration, TSA
54. Domestic
55. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA Court), FISA Court (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act), Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act, FISA Court
56. Left-wing
57. loosely affiliated
58. controlled
59. Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF), JTTF (Joint Terrorism Task Forces), Joint Terrorism Task Forces JTTF
60. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
61. Animal Liberation Front (ALF), Earth Liberation Front (ELF); ALF (Animal Liberation Front), ELF (Earth Liberation
Front); Animal Liberation Front, Earth Liberation Front; ALF, ELF
62. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), ODNI (Office of the Director of National Intelligence), Office
of the Director of National Intelligence, ODNI
63. National Security Council
64. Operation Torch
65. fusion
66. Surveillance
67. Student responses will vary.
68. Student responses will vary.
69. Student responses will vary.
70. Student responses will vary.
71. Student responses will vary.
72. Student responses will vary.
73. Student responses will vary.
74. Student responses will vary.
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