Counseling Chapter 13 Americans With Disability Act And Police Interrogations True False Berghuis Thompkins Determined

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
An Introduction to Policing 9th Edition
Authors
John S. Dempsey, Linda S. Forst, Steven B. Carter
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Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. A police officer’s attempt to terminate a dangerous, high-speed car chase that threatens the lives of innocent bystanders
does not violate the Fourth Amendment, even when it places the fleeing motorist at risk of serious injury or death.
a.
True
b.
False
2. Although not a U.S. Supreme Court decision, Seremeth v. Frederick County et al. (2012) dealt with the Americans with
Disability Act and police interrogations.
a.
True
b.
False
3. Berghuis v. Thompkins determined that defendants must make an affirmative statement or action to expressly waive
their right to remain silent or to have a lawyer present during questioning.
a.
True
b.
False
4. Search warrants are necessary for all searches by police officers.
a.
True
b.
False
5. An attorney is required at every lineup.
a.
True
b.
False
6. Probable cause is the standard of proof a police officer needs to conduct a stop and frisk.
a.
True
b.
False
7. In Missouri v. Seibert, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the approach used by the investigators encouraged a violation
of Miranda.
a.
True
b.
False
8. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that suspicionless searches of parolees by law enforcement officers are unreasonable
under the Fourth Amendment.
a.
True
b.
False
9. Forced extraction of blood by a doctor from a man who is arrested for driving while intoxicated is not a violation of that
man’s constitutional rights.
a.
True
b.
False
10. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Sixth Amendment right to counsel applies to a suspect no matter what case is
involved.
a.
True
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b.
False
11. In 1995, in Arizona v. Evans, the Supreme Court extended the “good faith” exception to the Fourth Amendment by
creating a “computer errors” exception.
a.
True
b.
False
12. A passenger in a vehicle has the same right as a driver to challenge the constitutionality of a traffic stop.
a.
True
b.
False
13. Reasonable suspicion is the standard of proof a police officer needs to make an arrest.
a.
True
b.
False
14. A police officer can search without a warrant if consent is given by a person having authority to give such consent.
a.
True
b.
False
15. An equivocal or ambiguous request for counsel in a custodial interrogation case is not sufficient to force police to stop
questioning a suspect and provide an attorney.
a.
True
b.
False
16. The U.S Supreme Court, in Kyllo v. United States, ruled that the use of a thermal imager is not considered a search
under the Fourth Amendment.
a.
True
b.
False
17. Search and seizure is governed by the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
a.
True
b.
False
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
18. This national survey is based on reports made to the police from crime victims.
a.
Uniform Crime Reports
b.
National Crime Victimization Survey
c.
U.S. Census
d.
Federal Criminal Justice Survey
19. The police identification process that involves bringing a suspect back to the scene of the crime or another
place (for example, a hospital where an injured victim is) where the suspect can be seen and possibly identified
by a victim or witness of a crime is called a _______.
a.
showup
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b.
showdown
c.
line array
d.
lineup
20. Which of the following is not an exception to the search warrant requirement?
a.
A crime scene
b.
A border search
c.
Exigent circumstances
d.
Plain view
21. The U.S. Supreme Court has made a significant impact on the way police do their job through its policy of
________.
a.
judicial review
b.
probable cause
c.
third-degree tactics
d.
silver platter doctrine
22. The Miranda ruling set out certain guidelines that the police must follow during interrogation; however, an
exception to the Miranda warning allows questions to be asked ______.
a.
to ensure the immediate safety of the public
b.
regarding citizenship
c.
about discarded narcotics
d.
of a person under the age of 21
23. This case applied the exclusionary rule to all state courts.
a.
Weeks v. United States
b.
Wolf v. Colorado
c.
Rochin v. California
d.
Mapp v. Ohio
24. This national survey lists all arrests made in the United States.
a.
Uniform Crime Reports
b.
National Crime Victimization Survey
c.
U.S. Census
d.
Federal Criminal Justice Survey
25. Due to the mobility of an automobile, this case allowed police to search automobiles upon probable cause
but without a search warrant.
a.
Florida v. Bostick
b.
California v. Greenwood
c.
Hester v. United States
d.
Carroll v. United States
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26. Which of the following has the Supreme Court not recognized as an exigent circumstance?
a.
Preventing an escape
b.
Rendering immediate aid to a person in need of assistance
c.
Checking an identity
d.
Preventing destruction of evidence
27. Which of the following is not considered an actual search by the U.S. Supreme Court?
a.
Stop and frisk
b.
Border check
c.
Trained drug-dog sniff
d.
Search after a hot pursuit
28. This national survey is prepared by the National Institute of Justice.
a.
Uniform Crime Reports
b.
National Crime Victimization Survey
c.
U.S. Census
d.
Federal Criminal Justice Survey
29. This case established the exclusionary rule in federal courts.
a.
Weeks v. United States
b.
Wolf v. Colorado
c.
Rochin v. California
d.
Mapp v. Ohio
30. This case ruled that a person in police custody must be advised of his or her constitutional rights prior to
interrogation or the information obtained can be excluded.
a.
Brown v. Mississippi
b.
McNabb v. United States
c.
Escobedo v. United States
d.
Miranda v. Arizona
31. Which constitutional amendment states that “no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by
oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized”?
a.
First
b.
Fourth
c.
Fifth
d.
Sixth
32. Which of the following is a violation of the Miranda ruling?
a.
Tape-recording unknowing suspects who were placed alone in a patrol car under arrest
b.
Using a jail informant to report what a suspect tells him or her
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c.
Placing a tape recorder in an interrogation room while leaving the suspect alone
d.
Directly questioning the suspect about the crime while in a patrol car and en route to the jail
33. This national survey lists the number of all law enforcement employees for each reporting town, city, and
county in America.
a.
Uniform Crime Reports
b.
National Crime Victimization Survey
c.
U.S. Census
d.
Federal Criminal Justice Survey
34. “Evidence that may lead a reasonable person to believe that a crime has been committed and that a certain
person committed it” is the definition of ________.
a.
beyond a reasonable doubt
b.
reasonable suspicion
c.
probable cause
d.
likely evidence
35. Of all the FBI Index crimes, the one that occurs least each year is _______.
a.
murder
b.
rape
c.
robbery
d.
felonious assault
36. Which type of tactics constituted the brutal and violent methods police historically practiced to obtain
confessions?
a.
Hammering
b.
First degree
c.
Third degree
d.
Drop down
37. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that a warrantless search of a vehicle is valid if the police have probable
cause to believe that the car contains evidence that they are seeking. This decision is known as the ______.
a.
Stout doctrine
b.
Carroll doctrine
c.
exclusionary rule
d.
fruits of the poisonous tree doctrine
38. This national survey is based on a random survey of American homes.
a.
Uniform Crime Reports
b.
National Crime Victimization Survey
c.
U.S. Census
d.
Federal Criminal Justice Survey
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39. The purpose of a police inventory search of a vehicle is to _________.
a.
recover weapons
b.
recover any evidence
c.
account for all the contents of the vehicle
d.
look for elements of a crime
40. This case allowed searches, also known as “pat-downs,” during field interrogations.
a.
Chimel v. California
b.
Terry v. Ohio
c.
United States v. Matlock
d.
Abel v. United States
41. This U.S. Supreme Court decision in 2013 upheld canine sniffs during a vehicle stop.
a.
Florida v. Harris
b.
Scott v. Harris
c.
Whren v. United States
d.
Maryland v. Wilson
42. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects against unreasonable searches and seizures?
a.
First
b.
Fourth
c.
Fifth
d.
Sixth
43. The “third degree” ended as a result of what U.S. Supreme Court decision?
a.
Terry v. Ohio
b.
Brown v. Mississippi
c.
Carroll v. United States
d.
Miranda v. Arizona
44. The right to counsel contained within the Miranda ruling applies only when the subject of an interrogation
_________.
a.
is in custody
b.
is accused of a felony crime
c.
has been deemed indigent
d.
has made an admission of guilt
45. This national survey is prepared by the FBI.
a.
Uniform Crime Reports
b.
National Crime Victimization Survey
c.
U.S. Census
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d.
Federal Criminal Justice Survey
46. This 2014 U.S. Supreme Court decision brought clarity to Georgia v. Randolph and consent searches.
a.
Colorado v. Bertine
b.
Arizona v. Evans
c.
Fernandez v. California
d.
California v. Carney
47. A border search can be made without _______.
a.
probable cause
b.
a warrant
c.
any articulable suspicion
d.
All of these choices.
48. The Supreme Court ruled in Burdeau v. McDowell that _____________ apply/applies only to the actions of
government agents and not to those of private citizens or private security employees.
a.
county ordinances
b.
local ordinances
c.
state statutes
d.
the Bill of Rights
49. This U.S. Supreme Court decision stated, "a compelled physical intrusion beneath (the) skin and into (the)
veins to obtain a sample of blood for use as evidence in a criminal investigation" was "an invasion of bodily
integrity."
a.
Winston v. Lee
b.
Missouri v. McNeely
c.
Stoval v. Denno
d.
United States v. Ash
50. In 2015, police in the United States made about _______million arrests for all criminal infractions except
traffic violations.
a.
31.6
b.
19.6
c.
10.8
d.
7.9.
51. Of all the FBI Index crimes, the one that occurs most each year is _______.
a.
theft/larceny
b.
motor vehicle theft
c.
burglary
d.
felonious assault
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52. When conducting a stop and frisk, officers may search ________.
a.
the outer clothing of the individual
b.
the outer and inner clothing of the individual
c.
inside the individual’s shoes
d.
only inside the individual’s pockets
53. This case allowed certain searches incident to arrest.
a.
Chimel v. California
b.
Terry v. Ohio
c.
United States v. Matlock
d.
Abel v. United States
Enter the appropriate word(s) to complete the statement.
54. If evidence is found to be in violation of the exclusionary rule, it must be ____________.
55. The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution are also known as the ________.
56. The pattern of brutality and violence historically used by the police to obtain confessions by suspects is known as
the_____________.
57. A Terry stop is also known as ______________________.
58. Evidence that may lead a reasonable person to believe that a crime has been committed and that a certain person
committed it is known as ___________.
59. In _______, the Supreme Court applied the exclusionary rule to state courts.
60. The _____________ is an interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment by the U.S. Supreme Court that holds that
evidence seized in violation of the U.S. Constitution cannot be used in court against a defendant.
61. A _________ is the detaining of a person by a law enforcement officer for the purpose of investigation, accompanied
by a superficial examination of the person’s body surface or clothing to discover weapons, contraband, or other objects
relating to criminal activity.
62. The standard of proof that is necessary for police officers to conduct stops and frisks is known as _________.
63. In the case of Scott v. Harris, the U.S. Supreme Court used the _______ test to determine the reasonableness of the
seizure in question.
64. When a persons’ home is his or her castle, this concept is referred to as the _________.
65. The questioning of a person in police custody regarding his or her participation in a crime is called _____.
66. In _______, the U.S. Supreme Court provided guidance to law enforcement officers in assessing how much time they
are required to wait prior to making a forcible entry after knocking and announcing their presence and demanding entry in
a warrant case.
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67. The Crime Index Offenses Cleared section of the UCR lists the ________. for Index crimes.
68. Arrests can be made with or without a __________.
69. The two official measures of crime in the United States are the ________ and the ________.
70. The amount of force an officer can use when making an arrest is called ___________.
71. What is the exclusionary rule and how has it evolved through landmark Supreme Court decisions?
72. Identify and cite three cases involving the police and canine sniffs. Describe how these cases led to the current canine
sniff rules in the United States.
73. Why do you think the Supreme Court considered forcing Rochin (Rochin v. California) to have his stomach pumped
to retrieve evidence to be shocking, but the Court did not consider forced extraction of blood by a doctor for a man who
was arrested for driving while intoxicated (Schmerber v. California) to be a violation of that man’s constitutional rights?
What was the difference? Do you think the cases should have been treated the same? Defend your position.
74. Explain the significance of New York v. Quarles as it concerns interrogations.
75. Why do Dickerson v. United States and cases following this decision constitute important case law?
76. Discuss the castle doctrine and cite specific decisions to show how the Supreme Court has ruled on cases involving it.
77. Identify and describe the Supreme Court decisions related to the automobile exception and discuss how the Supreme
Court decision in Arizona v. Gant affected it.
78. Explain the significance of the Los Angeles v. Mendez decision.
79. Explain why scholars became skeptical of the data in the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and why the National Crime
Victimization Survey was started. Support your answers with examples of the data collected for each report.
80. Discuss the Bill of Rights and the role of the U.S. Supreme Court in regulating the police.
81. Explain what a Terry stop is and discuss the Supreme Court decisions related to it.
82. Explain the relationship of probable cause and reasonable suspicion to arrests.
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52. a
53. a
54. suppressed
55. Bill of Rights
56. third degree
57. stop-and-frisk
58. probable cause
59. Mapp v. Ohio
60. exclusionary rule
61. stop and frisk
62. reasonable suspicion
63. balancing-of-interest
64. castle doctrine
65. custodial interrogation
66. United States v. Banks
67. clearance rates, rates of crimes solved by arrest
68. warrant
69. Uniform Crime Reports (UCR); National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) UCR (Uniform Crime Reports),
NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey Uniform Crime Reports, National Crime Victimization Survey UCR, NCVS
70. reasonable force
71. Student responses will vary.
72. Student responses will vary.
73. Student responses will vary.
74. Student responses will vary.
75. Student responses will vary.
76. Student responses will vary.
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77. Student responses will vary.
78. Student responses will vary.
79. Student responses will vary.
80. Student responses will vary.
81. Student responses will vary.
82. Student responses will vary.

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