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50. __________ was the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from its inception in 1924 until his death in 1972.
51. Roman Emperor Augustus appointed the ________ to protect the palace and the emperor.
52. __________ is the computer-based management program that many say was responsible for New York City’s drop in
crime in the mid- to late-1990s.
53. The landmark Supreme Court case of _____________________desegregated schools all over the nation and ended the
legal segregation of races in the United States.
54. O. W. Wilson is the author of the classic text on policing entitled ________.
55. The first specialized investigative unit in Rome was called __________, which means “trackers of murder.”
56. According to researcher Sally E. Hadden, the state of _______ developed specific rules, guidelines, and duties for the
slave patrols, which were in effect until the Civil War.
57. __________ was a form of societal control where citizens grouped together to protect each other.
58. During England’s era of King Alfred the Great, a ________ consisted of 10 families grouped together to protect one
another and assume responsibility for the acts of the group’s members.
59. __________ established the first large-scale, uniformed, paid, civil police force in London.
60. A rudimentary form of metropolitan policing called the __________ required all men in a given town to serve on the
night watch. They were expected to patrol the streets and perform duties such as light street lamps, clear garbage, put out
fires, and, of course, enforce criminal law.
61. The _____________ was precipitated when a white, off-duty, New York City police lieutenant shot an African-
American youth who was threatening a building superintendent with a knife.
62. Describe the social climate of the United States in the1960s, the public perception of police at the time, and the effects
of key Supreme Court decisions at that time on American policing.
63. Discuss how the English police experience influenced American policing and the criminal justice system during the
colonial period and the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries . Provide specific examples.
64. What is the CompStat process and how did it affect policing?
65. Explain how the evolution of the slave patrols in the 1700s marked the first advances in American policing.
66. How did technological advances change the police officer’s role in the nineteenth century?
67. Compare and contrast policing before the creation of the London Metropolitan Police and policing today.
68. Reflect on the development of the Black Lives Matter movement and its affect on policing.
69. Explain why the Wickersham Commission was created and summarize its recommendations for policing.