Chapter 2 Suppose That You Work Commission only Insurance Agent

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Managerial Economics: Applications-- Strategies and Tactics (Upper Level Economics Titles) 13th Edition
Authors
Frederick H.deB. Harris, James R. McGuigan, R. Charles Moyer
Test Bank Chapter 2
Chapter 2Fundamental Economic Concepts
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. A change in the level of an economic activity is desirable and should be undertaken as long as the
marginal benefits exceed the ____.
a.
marginal returns
b.
total costs
c.
marginal costs
d.
average costs
e.
average benefits
2. The level of an economic activity should be increased to the point where the ____ is zero.
a.
marginal cost
b.
average cost
c.
net marginal cost
d.
net marginal benefit
e.
none of the above
3. The net present value of an investment represents
a.
an index of the desirability of the investment
b.
the expected contribution of that investment to the goal of shareholder wealth
maximization
c.
the rate of return expected from the investment
d.
a and b only
e.
a and c only
4. Generally, investors expect that projects with high expected net present values also will be projects
with
a.
low risk
b.
high risk
c.
certain cash flows
d.
short lives
e.
none of the above
5. An closest example of a risk-free security is
a.
General Motors bonds
b.
AT&T commercial paper
c.
U.S. Government Treasury bills
d.
San Francisco municipal bonds
e.
an I.O.U. that your cousin promises to pay you $100 in 3 months
6. The standard deviation is appropriate to compare the risk between two investments only if
a.
the expected returns from the investments are approximately equal
b.
the investments have similar life spans
c.
objective estimates of each possible outcome is available
d.
the coefficient of variation is equal to 1.0
e.
none of the above
7. The approximate probability of a value occurring that is greater than one standard deviation from the
mean is approximately (assuming a normal distribution)
a.
68.26%
b.
2.28%
c.
34%
d.
15.87%
e.
none of the above
8. Based on risk-return tradeoffs observable in the financial marketplace, which of the following
securities would you expect to offer higher expected returns than corporate bonds?
a.
U.S. Government bonds
b.
municipal bonds
c.
common stock
d.
commercial paper
e.
none of the above
9. The primary difference(s) between the standard deviation and the coefficient of variation as measures
of risk are:
a.
the coefficient of variation is easier to compute
b.
the standard deviation is a measure of relative risk whereas the coefficient of variation is a
measure of absolute risk
c.
the coefficient of variation is a measure of relative risk whereas the standard deviation is a
measure of absolute risk
d.
the standard deviation is rarely used in practice whereas the coefficient of variation is
widely used
e.
c and d
10. The ____ is the ratio of ____ to the ____.
a.
standard deviation; covariance; expected value
b.
coefficient of variation; expected value; standard deviation
c.
correlation coefficient; standard deviation; expected value
d.
coefficient of variation; standard deviation; expected value
e.
none of the above
11. Sources of positive net present value projects include
a.
buyer preferences for established brand names
b.
economies of large-scale production and distribution
c.
patent control of superior product designs or production techniques
d.
a and b only
e.
a, b, and c
12. Receiving $100 at the end of the next three years is worth more to me than receiving $260 right now,
when my required interest rate is 10%.
a. True
b. False
13. The number of standard deviations z that a particular value of r is from the mean ȓ can be computed as
z = (r -
ȓ
)/

Suppose that you work as a commission-only insurance agent earning $1,000 per week
on average. Suppose that your standard deviation of weekly earnings is $500. What is the probability
that you zero in a week? Use the following brief z-table to help with this problem.
Z value Probability
-3 .0013
-2 .0228
-1 .1587
0 .5000
a. 1.3% chance of earning nothing in a week
b. 2.28% chance of earning nothing in a week
c. 15.87% chance of earning nothing in a week
d. 50% chance of earning nothing in a week
e. none of the above
14. Consider an investment with the following payoffs and probabilities:
State of the Economy Probability Return
Stability .50 1,000
Good Growth .50 2,000
Determine the expected return for this investment.
a. 1,300
b. 1,500
c. 1,700
d. 2,000
e. 3,000
15. Consider an investment with the following payoffs and probabilities:
State of the Economy Probability Return
GDP grows slowly .70 1,000
GDP grow fast .30 2,000
Let the expected value in this example be 1,300. How do we find the standard deviation of the
investment?
a. = { (1000-1300)2 + (2000-1300)2 }
b. = { (1000-1300) + (2000-1300) }
c. = { (.5)(1000-1300)2 + (.5)(2000-1300)2 }
d. = { (.7)(1000-1300) + (.3)(2000-1300) }
e. = { (.7)(1000-1300)2 + (.3)(2000-1300)2 }
16. An investment advisor plans a portfolio your 85 year old risk-averse grandmother. Her portfolio
currently consists of 60% bonds and 40% blue chip stocks. This portfolio is estimated to have an ex-
pected return of 6% and with a standard deviation 12%. What is the probability that she makes less
than 0% in a year? [A portion of Appendix B1 is given below, where z = (x - )  with as the mean
and as the standard deviation.]
a. 2.28%
b. 6.68%
c. 15.87%
d. 30.85%
e. 50% Table B1 for Z
Z Prob.
-3 .0013
-2.5 .0062
-2. .0228
-1.5 .0668
-1 .1587
-.5 ..3085
0 .5000
17. Two investments have the following expected returns (net present values) and standard deviations:
PROJECT Expected Value Standard Deviation
Q $100,000 $20,000
X $50,000 $16,000
Based on the Coefficient of Variation, where the C.V. is the standard deviation dividend by the
expected value.
a. All coefficients of variation are always the same.
b. Project Q is riskier than Project X
c. Project X is riskier than Project Q
d. Both projects have the same relative risk profile
e. There is not enough information to find the coefficient of variation.
Test Bank Chapter 2
PROBLEMS
1. Suppose that the firm's cost function is given in the following schedule (where Q is the level of
output):
Total
Cost
7
25
37
45
50
53
58
66
78
96
124
Determine the (a) marginal cost and (b) average total cost schedules
2.Complete the following table.
Total
Marginal
Average
Profit
Profit
Profit
48
0
______
26
______
______
8
______
______
6
______
______
16
______
______
22
______
______
24
______
______
22
______
______
16
______
______
6
______
______
8
______
______
3. A firm has decided to invest in a piece of land. Management has estimated that the land can be sold in
5 years for the following possible prices:
Probability
.20
.30
.40
.10
Test Bank Chapter 2
(a)
Determine the expected selling price for the land.
(b)
Determine the standard deviation of the possible sales prices.
(c)
Determine the coefficient of variation.

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