Chapter 12 Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler’s contingency

Document Type
Test Prep
Book Title
Effective Management 6th Edition
Authors
Chuck Williams
Course Pre-Assessment CH 12
Williams Effective Management 6e
TRUE/FALSE
1. One of the differences between managers and leaders is that managers focus on visions, missions,
goals, and objectives, and leaders focus solely on productivity and efficiency.
2. Strategic leadership is defined as the ability to think strategically and create a strategic plan for an
organization.
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. Relatively stable characteristics such as abilities, psychological motives, or consistent patterns of
behavior, form the basis for the ____ of leadership.
a.
situational theory
b.
behavioral theory
c.
trait theory
d.
expectancy theory
e.
path-goal theory
2. Research at three universities has confirmed that two basic leader behaviors, ____ and ____, are
central to successful leadership.
a.
initiating structure; consideration
b.
initiating structure; job-centered leadership
c.
employee-centered leadership; consideration
d.
concern for production; job-centered leadership
e.
autonomous; participative
3. Which of the following is the best leadership style for all situations?
a.
team management
b.
middle of the road management
c.
authority-compliance
d.
country club management
e.
none of these
4. In Fiedler's contingency theory, the term ____ refers to the degree to which a particular situation either
permits or denies a leader the chance to influence the behavior of group members.
a.
situational favorableness
b.
leader-member relations
c.
task structure
d.
position power
e.
task favorableness
5. Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler's contingency theory in the workplace has
proven effective?
a.
accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
b.
teaching managers how to change situational favorableness
c.
arbitrary definition of situations
d.
only hiring supervisors with appropriate leadership traits
e.
creating standing plans concerning leader actions and reactions
6. Which of the following is NOT one of the four leadership styles identified in the path-goal theory of
leadership?
a.
directive
b.
supportive
c.
participative
d.
charismatic
e.
achievement-oriented
7. According to the path-goal theory of leadership, ____ means setting challenging goals, having high
expectations of employees, and displaying confidence that employees will assume responsibility and
put forth extraordinary effort.
a.
directive leadership
b.
supportive leadership
c.
participative leadership
d.
achievement-oriented leadership
e.
empowerment leadership
8. Hersey and Blanchard’s situational theory states that leaders need to adjust their leadership styles to
match:
a.
participative requirements
b.
the corporate culture
c.
the situation
d.
worker readiness
e.
employee responsiveness
9. The Vroom-Yetton-Jago Model is another name for the:
a.
normative decision theory
b.
contingency theory of leadership
c.
path-goal theory of leadership
d.
situational theory of leadership
e.
trait theory of leadership
10. Transactional leaders:
a.
reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior
b.
help followers see how their jobs fit with the organization’s vision
c.
pay special attention to individual needs by creating learning opportunities
d.
motivate followers by providing them with meaningful and challenging work
e.
are accurately described by all of these

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