85. The main point of The American Crisis is
a. that the Continental Congress should agree to peaceful reunification with Britain.
b. to inspire American soldiers to continue to fight despite demoralizing military losses.
c. that independence was too costly a goal for the colonies.
d. to encourage European powers to provide military assistance.
e. a prediction that the war would end unhappily for supporters of independence.
86. In the winter of 1776–1777, Washington won important victories that improved American morale. These battles were at
a. Saratoga and Albany, New York.
b. Morristown and East Orange, New Jersey.
c. Long Island and White Plains, New York.
d. Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.
e. Trenton and Princeton, New Jersey.
87. A key consequence of the Battle of Saratoga in October 1777 was
a. France becoming an ally to the United States.
b. the adoption of the Declaration of Independence by the Continental Congress.
c. the immediate surrender of all British troops to the Continental army.
d. British commanders taking the war into the heart of New England for the first time.
e. General Washington’s decision to retreat to Valley Forge for the winter.
88. Which of the following statements accurately describes American allies during the War for Independence?
a. While the French offered their help freely, Spain was promised a cash payment for its aid.
b. France and Spain were initially reluctant to aid America, as the colonies were entirely Protestant.
c. The Americans only managed to gain the support of Portugal, while France and Spain supported the British.
d. Spain was promised extensive territory in the American Southwest if the Americans won.
e. France and Spain fought with the Americans largely because of well-established rivalries with Britain.
89. Which statement is accurate about France’s involvement in the Revolutionary War?
a. France withdrew its support and signed a peace treaty with the British just before the Battle of Saratoga in 1777.
b. By entering the war, France hoped to strengthen Britain and seize Spain’s American colonies.