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The Yom Kippur War and the Camp David Accords

August 29, 2014
Analyze the impact of the 1973 Yom Kippur War on Israel’s
political system and do you agree that it directly led to the signing
of the Camp David Accords?
The results of the 1973 Yom-Kippur war, also known as the Ramadan war, or the October war,
was just as shocking to the world as it was to Israel, which was still under the aura of
invincibility following the victory of the Six Day War in 1967. On the 6th of October, 1973,
Egypt and Syria invaded the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan heights, territories won by Israel
from the Six Day war. They managed to catch Israel by surprise by invading on the holiest days
of the Jewish calendar, Yom Kippur, and to achieve a total military and, more importantly,
political victory for the Arab states. The human cost however, was enough to cause permanent
changes in Israeli society and government, and led to a shift in the balance of power within
Israeli-Arab relations. It paved the way to a complete change in Israeli society, government, and
a shift in the balance of power within Arab-Israeli relations. When the fighting ceased nineteen
days later, Israel had survived in the initial attack and had gone on to a total military victory. The
Arabs could now see eye-to-eye with Israel, and felt that despite their military loss, it was the
political victory they needed. The Yom Kippur war of 1973 was a total political victory for Egypt
and Syria, perpetuating major changes in the Israeli society, government, and military, and
paving the way for the Camp David Accords in 1978; the exchange of the Sinai Peninsula for a
cold peace, which has lasted until this day.
Following Israel’s stunning military victory in the Six Day War of 1967, the Israeli and Arab
societies were in completely opposite state of minds. Israeli society was in an aura of
invincibility, believing that after the astounding and unlikely victory of 1967 the Arab nations
were no longer a threat, while the Arab societies were in a state of humiliation. Having long been
considered the one of the greatest military power amongst the Arab states, Egypt was hit hardest
by the defeat.1 When Israel launched their pre-emptive strikes against Egypt and Syria during the
Six Day War of 1967, they gained the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula, stripping Syria of a
strategically valuable land, and Egypt of the Sinai, filled with oil fields, and more importantly,

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