being asked to a get-together for some milk tea. People frequently appear out of nowhere
if your vehicle breaks down just to provide assistance in any way.
B. Patience - Patience, tolerance, assisting others, and maintaining a game face even in
hard conditions, as well as not showing their emotions easily, are qualities associated
with steppe survival. Mongolians have a saying, "Keep your hardness on the outside and
your love within."
C. Flexible - Mongolians are adaptable. It's in their blood. If their pasture isn't suitable,
they may just move on to the next one. Such adaptability is required in the global
environment. This was molded by their nomadic culture of travelling looking for greener
pastures if their lands have already dried as opposed to cultures based on fixed dwellings
2. Give and explain 3 manners and customs. (10 points)
A.. The snuff bottle ritual, which dates back to feudal times, involves a guest and host
offering each other their snuff bottles to examine as part of a welcoming rite. It is
generally anticipated that visitors will be offered the greatest meal available, as well as
copious amounts of vodka.
B. Mongolians are kind and honest. Strangers traveling through the grasslands are
welcomed to spend the night in their yurts and are treated to tea with milk, mutton, and
milk wine. When the visitors leave, the hosts will usually give them a heartfelt farewell.
Many behavioral rules focus upon young people showing respect for elderly ones.
Visitors have historically been warmly welcomed since they were the primary sources of
information from the outside world.
C. Many customs are shared between Mongolians and Tibetans. Mongolians, like
Tibetans, frequently exchange scarves (hada or hadag) as a sort of polite welcome. They
are given as a welcome gift, similar to Hawaiian leis. A hadag should be received with
outstretched arms. As a welcome gesture, cups of tea are also offered.
3. What is its perception of time? Monochronic or polychronic? Explain. (5 points)
Mongolians are polychromic for they are not the most punctual people in the late. They
can be notoriously late. The Mongolian equivalent of “mañana” is “ margash.” They also
avoid forming lines and can be quite pushy and aggressive when thrown into a situation
in which they are supposed to make a line.
4. What is its perception of space? Explain. (5 points)
It is expected for Mongolians to show little respect for personal space. Mongols tend to
live in close proximity to each other. For example, it’s not uncommon for Mongol families
to all sleep in the same bed. You might also see people sitting on each other’s laps when