A person’s emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, use, understand, and manage one’s emotions in
positive and constructive ways. It is about recognizing your own emotional state and the emotional state of
Emotional intelligence (EI) has 5 components. What are they? Self-awareness, Self-Regulation/management,
internal motivation, empathy, and social skills.
A leading personality theory called the five-factor model distills personality into five traits, often called the “Big
Five.” What are they? Openness, Conscientious, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism
People with a high level of Subjective well-being often demonstrate more resiliency in dealing with
challenges. They can bounce back, stronger and wiser, having learned from their lessons.
Psychologists, most notably Martin Seligman, suggest that we can develop well-being by practicing positive
psychological actions. Seligman describes the five elements of well-being (represented by the acronym
PERMA) that help humans flourish. PERMA stands for: P = Positive Emotion ; E = Engagement ;
R = Relationships; M = Meaning ; A = Achievement .
Research suggests that laughter can increase blood flow, boost the immune response, lower blood
sugar levels, and facilitate better sleep.
Mental Illnesses are disorders that disrupt thinking, feeling, moods, and behaviors, and cause varying
degrees of impaired functioning in daily living.
Mental illnesses are believed to be caused by a variety of biochemical , genetic , and environmental
factors. Among the most common risk factors are a genetic or familial predisposition and excessive,
unresolved stress, particularly due to trauma or war or devastating natural or human-caused disaster.
Mental health problems among college students are growing in both number and severity.
Disorder and chaos can be headaches for us all, but ADHD sufferers may find them insurmountable
Mental health problems, particularly depression , have gained increased recognition as obstacles to
healthy adjustment and success in college.
Stressors such as anxiety over relationships, pressure to get good grades and win social acceptance, abuse of
alcohol and other drugs, poor diet, and lack of sleep can overwhelm even the most resilient students.
Mental health problems can affect every aspect of your life, including relationships, academics, career
potential, and overall well-being. Stigma over mental illnesses keep many from reaching out for help.
Knowing the signs and symptoms of someone who is struggling (including you) and where to go for help is key
to avoiding serious problems.
T or F: Typically, depression presents itself the same way for men and women.
Anxiety disorders, characterized by persistent feelings of threat and worry, are the largest mental
health problem in the United States, affecting more than 40 million people in any given year.
T or F: In general, anxiety disorders are highly treatable.
Many people are uneasy around spiders, but if your fear of them is deliberating , it may be a phobia.
People who commit suicide usually indicated their intensions although others do not always recognize
T or F: Most people who attempt suicide really want to live but see death as the only way out of an intolerable
Crisis counselors and suicide hotlines may help temporarily, but the best way to prevent suicides is to get rid of
conditions and substances that may precipitate attempts, including alcohol, drugs, loneliness,
isolation, and access to guns.
If someone you know threatens suicide or displays warning signs of doing so, get involved —ask
questions and seek help .