RUNNING HEAD: Religion/Holiday Assignment
The sacred text of Christianity, Judaism and Buddhism
The Bible is the primary sacred text of Christianity and its name is derived from the Latin
word biblia, which simply means “books”. The Christian Bible is made of two parts which
includes the Old Testament whereby it displays Christian writings that includes biographies of
Jesus Christ and the apostles such as the Apostle Paul, letters to new churches, and an
apocalyptic work (ReligionFacts, 2017). The names of the two parts in the Bible are significant.
The word testament means “covenant”, so the notion of old and new testaments reflects the
Christian perspective that the Church is the successor to Israel as God’s chosen people. The Old
Testament is viewed as foundational, authoritative, and relevant, and is read as well as cherished
by Christians along with the New Testament. But it is also regarded as having been super ceded
and fulfilled by the new testament (covenant) that God has made with the Church.
The importance of Judaism’s sacred texts extends far beyond their religious
significance. The most holy Jewish book or sacred text is the Torah, the first five books of the
Hebrew Bible. The Torah was revealed by God to Moses on Mount Sinai over 3,000 years ago
where it told the story of the creation of the world, God’s covenant with Abraham and his
descendants, the Exodus of Egypt, the revelation at Mt. Sinai, the wanderings of the Israelites in
the desert, and a recapitulation of that experience shortly before the entrance into the Promised
Land (Embassies, 2017). The Torah also give the Jewish people rules for everyday life and how
they should be living. Observing these rules is central to the Judaism religion because the Torah
has a principal message which entails the absolute unity of God. It outlines God’s creation of the
world, His concern for it as well as His everlasting covenant with the people of Israel.
The Torah is divided into fifty-four “portions” and it’s read at the synagogue (Jews place of
worship) every Sabbath in an annual cycle, beginning and ending shortly after the Jewish New