QUIZ 1 ON US HISTORY - ANSWER SHEET
TASK 1: Briefly explain 04 key terms about American history
1. Treaty of Paris
The American Revolution officially came to an end when representatives of the United States, Great
Britain, Spain and France signed the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783.
This treaty forced Britain to recognize the independence of the United States. The United States
received territories until Mississippi, doubling the size of the new nation and paving the way for
westward expansion. Through this event, the United States demonstrated its sovereign power by the
act of Britain that gave formal recognition to its former colonies as a new and independent nation:
the United States of America.
2. Spanish - American War
In 1898, the Spanish - American War broke out because of America's support of ongoing struggle by
Cubans against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana
Harbor. The result is that the United States won, obtained Cuba’s independence. This war compelled
the Spanish to cede sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States.
Therefore, the United States became a colonial power, established its predominance and pursued its
strategic and economic interests in Asia.
3. THE GREAT DEPRESSION
In 1932, due to the stock market crash, the Great Depression occurred in America, which devastated
the U.S. economy as well as the economy of a number of capitalist countries such as France and
England. Accordingly, thousands of American banks and more than 100,000 businesses had
failed. Industrial production was cut in half, wages dropped by 60%, and one in four workers was
unemployed. The Great Depression remade the institutions of government of the United States
through the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, ending a long period of Republican
dominance. Although Roosevelt's New Deal programs, created millions of jobs, did not end the
Depression, the economy improved.
4. WORLD WAR II
From 1939 to 1945, World War II was fought chiefly between two major alliances: the Axis and the
Allies. The bombing of Pearl Harbor naval base in Hawaii by the Japanese in December 1941 brought
the United States into the war. In August of 1945, President Harry Truman ordered the use of atomic
bombs against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki forced Japan to surrender. The post-World War