to induce an abortion and surgery is now a necessity. Surgeries are now more
invasive and are done intravenously.
When a woman enters the third trimester, she is entering the area of late
term abortions. An abortion at this time is no longer considered legal in a large
number of states except in certain medical cases. The idea of “late term” can be
referenced to when a fetus would first be considered viable, or able to survive
outside of the womb. The point of “viability” is usually thought to be at 24 weeks
gestation by most medical communities. At this time the procedures that can be
done is limited to either an induction abortion or dilation and extraction. An
induction abortion, though not often done, is when salt water, urea, or potassium
chloride gets injected into the amniotic sac. Prostaglandins are inserted into the
vagina and then Pitocin is injected intravenously. The other option would be that of
dilation and extraction which is used generally after 21 weeks. This is also referred
to as Intrauterine Cranial Decompression and Partial Birth Abortion.
Partial birth abortion is plainly defined as late-term abortion of a fetus that
has already died, or is killed before being completely removed from the mother. A
baby is pulled out feet first into the vaginal canal except for the head, which is held
inside of the cervix. At this point the abortionist punctures the base of the skull with
a surgical instrument and inserts a catheter into the wound. Then a powerful suction
machine is turned on which removes the brain, this causes the skull to collapse. The
abortionist then delivers the rest of the baby.
Currently in the United States abortion is legal throughout the country due to
the decision of Roe v Wade decided in 1973. This decision legalized abortion but