mexican and american war

Word Count
East Los Angeles College
history 11
Mexican-American War
The Mexican-American War was a gruesome and bloody battle involving the two major
powers between the Americans and the Mexicans. The first major power was the annexation of
Texas and the second power is the protection along with the acquisition of the territory. States
such as California, Texas and New Mexico was inherited by Mexico from Spain. Mexico
government was weakened and practically bankrupt after the war and was unable to take control
of their territories.
Before the war Began, there were many causes for the start of a war. It all began when
Hernán Cortés first conquers central Mexico. In Mexico, Spain establishes a colonial
government. The colony of Jamestown, Virginia, Santa Fe, New Mexico, and San Antonio,
Texas founded around the early 1600s to 1700s. The United States thirteen colonies declared
independence from Britain in 1776, however five years later the British surrenders to the United
States at Yorktown. The United States purchases vast lands of the west of Mississippi from
Napoleon better known as the Louisiana Purchase. Lewis and Clark set out an expedition to
explore the western North America. On the year of 1810, the speech "The Cry of Dolores" given
by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla triggered the beginning of Mexico’s fight for independence from
Spain. The Adams-Onis treaty signed by Spain and the United States establishes the boundary of
Mexico and the United States also giving Florida to the United States. The Missouri Compromise
was passed and approved by the U.S. Congress and a year later Mexico gained their
independence from Spain.
The United States declares that the Monroe Doctrine will not tolerate the European
interference in the Western Hemisphere. Mexico strategy to attract the American settlers was to
offer them cheap lands and to build up the territory and will later become a republic. Though the
U.S had thousands of Indians living in there eastern parts, after the Indian removal plan was
passed the Indians were forced to relocate to the west of the Mississippi. The new constitution of
Mexico centralizes government’s power and the outlaws of slavery in every territory owned by
Mexico. The Mexican Army led by General Antonio López to end the rebellion in Texas. In
1844, the presidency Santa Anna’s overthrown and that General José Joaquin de Herrera
assumed presidency with an unprepared army and threats from the U.S, which nominee James
K.Polk was elected U.S. president who advocated annexation of Texas.