David Hume was a philosopher born in Edinburgh Scotland. He observes that while we
may perceive two events as happening because of one another, there is no way for us to know the
real nature of their connection. Because of this observation, Hume argues against the idea of
cause and effect. Whereas we often assume that one thing causes another, Hume points out it is
just as possible that one thing does not cause the other. He claims that cause and effect is a habit
of association, that when we repeatedly observe one event following another our assumption is
that this is happening because of something else. In the reading, it states that "the Western
Philosophers and scientists traditionally believed that to know something fully one must know
the cause upon which it necessarily depends." But Hume seems to always find something wrong
with that, and he goes against what they say. He argues that it is impossible. Hume realizes that
for two to have a relationship with one another, it may be based on the experience of the work at
Following his cause and effect theory, it brings us to Hume's take on the self-identity is
one that many people may have to take time to read and understand. He states that; the mind is a
bundle of perceptions. Perceptions are defined as, "Perceptions are all that is present to the mind,
whether sensing, thinking, reflecting or "actuated with passions" (Ab. 5). They are separated into
impressions and ideas, which differ in terms of degree of "force and liveliness" (T, 220.127.116.11)."
After reading about Hume I have come to the realization that he believes that you can not really
learn from a perception unless you reflect on it, which bring ties in his cause and effect theory.
Without that reflection, we don’t know what may come next. While Hume has many different
outlooks on the world, "self" is something that he seems to take seriously in his theory that there
is no "self". He explains that "self" must be persistent. "Self" must be transparent, but it is not.
When you try to think about "self" it is almost like it doesn't even exist in this world. That we are