Different interconnected cycles in nature recycle elements to be reused by living
organisms. They are called biogeochemical cycles and they control the levels of elements
necessary for life among different pools. Some of the most significant and renowned
cycles are the carbon cycle, the nitrogen cycle, and the phosphorus cycle. Humans have a
great impact on the interconnectivity of these cycles. Many human activities alter them,
and, therefore, affect our environment. Altered biogeochemical cycles merged with climate
change have consequences that include biodiversity loss, freshwater and marine
eutrophication, air pollution, human health, food security, and water resources.
There are different cycles in nature that recycle elements to be reused by living organisms.
These elements or compounds vital to maintain the growth of organic beings have their
own interconnected cycles; the cycles affect one another. They consist of transformation
processes where chemical elements are relocated from one compound to another. These are
called biogeochemical cycles; they control the levels of elements necessary for life among
different pools involving biological, geological and chemical factors.
Since all biogeochemical cycles are interlinked to some degree, they might have an effect
on environmental conditions globally, as well as locally. Some of the most significant and
renowned cycles are the carbon cycle, the nitrogen cycle, and the phosphorus cycle. When
alterations happen in these cycles, proportion of these elements may change in particular
structures by becoming too insufficient or too abundant, which are both critical. Also,
these elements have the capacity to affect climate directly or indirectly by escalating or