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Final Exam Study Guide Psychology

May 8, 2017
Test Date: Friday, May 3, 2013
Chapter 11: Psychological Disorders
Definition of mental disorder and the criteria for distinguishing normal from abnormal
behavior: A mental disorder is a dysfunctional/maladaptive behavior interferes with a
person’s ability to function in day-to-day life. Behaviors are abnormal when they are
statistically unusual, are not socially approved, and cause distress to the person or
interfere with his or her ability to function. The criterion for distinguishing normal from
abnormal behavior is determined by the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual).
Rosenhan (1973) study summary (On Being Sane in Insane Places):
Know the general class of disorders (anxiety disorders, mood disorders, personality
disorders, dissociative disorders, schizophrenia, somatoform disorders) and recognize the
specific ones under each category (as outlined in your handouts and powerpoint).
Mood Disorders Somatoform Disorders
Major Depression Conversion disorder
Dysthymia Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Bipolar Disorder Pain Disorder
Somatization disorder
Anxiety Disorders Dissociative Disorders
Generalized Stress Disorder Dissociative Amnesia
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Dissociative Fugue
Panic Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Personality Disorders Schizophrenia
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Delusions
Paranoid Personality Disorder Hallucinations
Borderline Personality Disorder
Be able to read a brief description of a problem and guess the diagnostic category (just
like we did in class with the handout, “what is your diagnosis?” and case studies). Be
able to select a diagnosis based on a list of symptoms. Focus for the exam is diagnostic
categories and not causative factors.
Know the difference between positive (active) and negative (passive) symptoms of
schizophrenia and examples of each.
Positive symptoms Negative symptoms
Bizarre delusions
Incoherent speech
Inappropriate/disorganized behaviors
Loss of motivation
Emotional flatness
Social withdrawal
Slowed speech or no speech
Know the term insanity and what it applies to: Insanity is a legal ruling that an accused
individual is not responsible for a crime. Insanity if defined in most states as the inability
to tell the difference between right and wrong at the time the crime is committed.
Know what co-morbidity is: The presence of one or more disorders (or diseases) in
addition to a primary disease or disorder
Ego dystonic vs. Ego syntonic: Ego syntonic and ego dystonic are both terms used by
psychologists: ego syntonic refers to behaviors, feelings and values that are in harmony
with one’s own self image, whereas ego dystonic refers to behaviors and thoughts that are
in conflict with one’s ideal self image.
Chapter 12: Methods of Therapy
Biomedical/Biological Therapies
1. Mood Stabilizers
A. What prescribed for: Used to treat bipolar disorder
B. Prototypical examples (Lithium and Depakote)
C. Therapeutic window of lithium:
2. Antianxiety/Anxiolytics

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